Comparisoncontrast Synthesis


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Comparisoncontrast Synthesis

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Comparisoncontrast Synthesis

  1. 1. Comparison/Contrast Essay Collecting #2
  2. 2. Discover Ideas <ul><li>Find ideas from each article that relate to assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Use note cards </li></ul><ul><li>Idea and source </li></ul>
  3. 3. Discover Ideas--Example Responsible for changing behavior; Heilbroner 351 Make life easier for us; easier for us to decide how to act Heilbroner 350 One way in which we “define” the world in order to see it Heilbroner 349 Make sense of “confusing world” Heilbroner 348
  4. 4. Discover Ideas--Example Understands why women fear Staples 534 Stereotyped because black; people (women) afraid of him Staples 533 Limit oneself and others Heilbroner 350 Makes us “lazy” Heilbroner 350
  5. 5. Discover Ideas--Example Let people walk by Is nicer to cops Whistles Beethoven Does not act as people would expect from someone trying to do harm Makes himself less threatening Staples 535 Feels rage—provides examples of discrimination Staples 534
  6. 6. Discover Ideas--Example What the applicant can control should be judged 585 Not a matter of fairness but of reality 585 People judge based on appearance and appearance is controlled by person 584 First impression caused by ones outer appearance 584
  7. 7. Discover Ideas--Example Freedom of choice—we can choose image we present; other can choose to reject it Have a right to make personal choices but must accept consequences Applicant can choose to conform or not organization can choose if they want applicant
  8. 8. Group Ideas <ul><li>Similar Ideas COMPARISON </li></ul><ul><li>Different Ideas CONTRAST </li></ul>
  9. 9. Group Ideas--Example <ul><li>Similar Ideas COMPARISON </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People’s expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense out of world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for stereotypes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different Ideas CONTRAST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes us lazy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productive for society </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Group Further <ul><li>Can those groups be grouped? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Become aware of pictures in our head and that of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility—both of person seeing and person being stereotyped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break stereotype </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Choose Ideas to Use <ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Both </li></ul>
  12. 12. Choose Ideas to Use--Example <ul><li>Most comparison </li></ul>
  13. 13. Organize Ideas <ul><li>Which should come </li></ul><ul><li>first, </li></ul><ul><li>second, </li></ul><ul><li>third, </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Organize Ideas--Example <ul><li>Which should come </li></ul><ul><li>first, Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>second, become aware (1 st step) </li></ul><ul><li>third, break stereotype </li></ul>
  15. 15. Take Note <ul><li>Synthesize ideas rather than sources </li></ul><ul><li>Be more selective </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to use all the ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike a Summary </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Thesis <ul><li>Describe </li></ul><ul><li>Explain </li></ul><ul><li>Argue a point </li></ul><ul><li>What comparison reveals or demonstrates about subject </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thesis--Example <ul><li>An individual has the responsibility to react to stereotypes in order to learn from it or to help others learn. </li></ul><ul><li>3 articles can be used to prove this </li></ul>
  18. 18. Homework <ul><li>Outline </li></ul>
  19. 19. Example--Outline—point by point <ul><li>Thesis: </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility (may be more than one paragraph) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gainley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>become aware (1 st step) (may be more than one paragraph) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gainley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>break stereotype (may be more than one paragraph) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gainley pg. 212 in book </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Introduction <ul><li>How often does a normal individual stereotype? Most people would admit that they stereotype even when they know that it is wrong to do so. This habit of forming opinions based on preconceived ideas is considered by many to be negative. Steve Heilbroner, in his essay “Don’t Let Stereotypes Warp Your Judgement,” claims that stereotyping makes a person “lazy.” For many Americans like Brent Staples, stereotyping brings painful memories of bigotry. He relates such experiences in his essay “Black Men and Public Space.” Some would argue, though, that stereotyping is not all bad. Sandra Gainley argues that stereotyping can save a person time and energy. Regardless of one’s own experiences, the three authors argue that an individual has the responsibility to react to a stereotype in order to learn from it or to help others learn. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Body Paragraphs <ul><li>Intro </li></ul><ul><li>A person must take responsibility for a stereotype. Several ways of taking responsibility exist. Heilbroner claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner argues that a person takes responsibility when he becomes aware of the stereotype in his head and works actively and consciously to change those preconceived notions of others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarly, Staples dislikes that he must deal with other people’s expectations but knows that as a black man, it is a reality of his life and he knows that if he wants to make his life better he has to take responsbility for how he reacts to other peole’s thoughts. He cannot change what other people think of him before they meet him, but he can control what they perceive him to be when they havehad some contact with him, however fleeting that contact may be. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also, Gainley argues that the individuals helps to promote or dispel the stereotype. She argues that each person has the control of how others perceive him. Stereotyping will cease to exist when both parties take responsibility, the first can help by decideint to not jump to conclusions while they other can help the first to make different conclusions by how he behaves around the first. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>become aware (1 st step) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner—become aware of what he thinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staples—become aware of what others are thinking and what they expect from the stereotype—you are not the stereotype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gainley—become aware of what others are thinking and what they expect from you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>break stereotype by behaving differently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heilbroner—person must rethink what he thinks about people and allow each individual to speak for himself with his speech and actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staples—the person who is stereotyped can help to break the stereotype by doing something which is completely different from what the expectations are. For example, while walking the streets at night, he whistes Beethoven so that passersby will not be nervous. He knows that most people connect Beethoven with civility and calm rather than danger and violence. By choosing to act differently that what others expect, he is helping to break the stereotype of the black man out on the street at night. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gainley—if a person is willing to follow the stereotype then he has to accept the consequences of fitting the preconceived notion. pg. 212 in book </li></ul></ul>