Documentation 101


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some of the basics of MLA documentation based on 2009 version of MLA. Click CTRL+ to make the show bigger on your screen to see the examples. For more college writing tips, see

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Documentation 101

  1. 1. Documentation 101<br />Why we document<br />Types of documentation<br />Creating a Works Cited list in MLA<br />Creating in-text citations<br />
  2. 2. Why Document?<br />Acknowledging sources prevents plagiarism<br />the unacknowledged use of someone else's information, research or ideas, words, or illustrations<br />Documentation prevents a number of undesirable consequences<br />“0” grade on the assignment, F in the course, suspension, and at the extreme, expulsion <br />Citing Sources is professional and ethical<br />conveys to the reader that the writer has taken the time to consult and consider a mix of viewpoints on a given topic before providing his/her own synthesis. <br />adds to the quality of the paper.<br />Is ethical and responsible<br />When students give credit where credit is due they are also practicing ethical, responsible Imagine the consequences of being caught stealing someone else's work or ideas at the workplace.<br />
  3. 3. Types of Documentation <br />MLA – Modern Languages Association used for literature and fine arts essays. <br />APA-American Psychological Association used for social science, humanities, and scientific essays<br />These are the most common in post secondary undergraduate programs.<br />
  4. 4. Two types of documenting<br />Using a works cited list<br />In-text citations<br />
  5. 5. What is a works cited list<br />Is the list of references you used for your work<br />Goes on the last page of your work<br />Is in Alphabetical order<br />Follows MLA format<br />
  6. 6. What are in-text citations<br />In-text citations go after you use information that you didn’t author. You use them when you <br />Quote (1-2 sentences in quotation marks).<br />Paraphrase (state those 2 sentences in your own words –this is different from changing 1 or 2 words in a phrase)<br />Summarize –condense a longer portion of information<br />Use some one’s ideas<br />Rule of thumb: use your own words. Quote sparingly. <br />
  7. 7. Where do I put the citation<br />1. You use (). <br />2. For electronic sources you just put the first word on the citation reference<br />3. For e-books, you also put the page number<br />
  8. 8. Works citation and In-text citation<br />
  9. 9. Articles from business websites<br />This model could be relevant for those business etiquette sites.<br />
  10. 10. Hard Copy Newspapers<br />
  11. 11. Database articles<br />
  12. 12. Database Newspaper/Magazines<br />
  13. 13. Articles from Web publications<br />
  14. 14. Hard copy book <br />
  15. 15. E-book<br />
  16. 16. E-book from database<br />
  17. 17. Article from an Organizational/Gov’t website<br />
  18. 18. Personal Interview<br />