Chapter2 the language of art and architecture inet

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What are the art elements and principles of design and composition? Otherwise, the ingredients of art are listed in this presentation.

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Chapter2 the language of art and architecture inet

  1. 1. The Language of Art Basic Terms Formal Elements Principles of Composition
  2. 2. Form • Media & technique • Art elements • Principles of organization • Unity
  3. 3. THE FORMAL ELEMENTSTHE FORMAL ELEMENTS →line →light and value →color →texture and pattern →shape and volume →space →time and motion Some works also contain : →chance →improvisation →spontaneity →engaging senses other than sight
  4. 4. Line
  5. 5. 2.4 Paul Klee. They’re Biting, 1920. Drawing and oil on paper, 121/4" × 91/4". Tate Gallery, London. Lines have direction: →horizontal →vertical →diagonal →curved →meandering
  6. 6. Implied Line
  7. 7. Line Quality
  8. 8. Light and Dark=Value • Achromatic • Chromatic • Shading • Chiaroscuro
  9. 9. Chiaroscuro
  10. 10. Color • Color combinations or schemes • Emphasis • Evoke emotions
  11. 11. Subtractive color systems • Pigments • Primary colors • Secondary colors • Tertiary colors • Analogous • Complementary
  12. 12. Texture • Tactile quality of a surface • Actual • Visual
  13. 13. Shape • Regular-geometric • Irregular-organic or biomorphic
  14. 14. Volume • Any solid that occupies a three-dimensional volume • mass
  15. 15. Space • Perspective • Atmospheric perspective • Linear perspective
  16. 16. • parallel lines receding into the distance converge at a vanishing point on the horizon line
  17. 17. Atmospheric Perspective
  18. 18. Time & Motion
  19. 19. Chance/Improvisation Spontaneity
  20. 20. Engaging the Senses
  21. 21. Practice • See if you can identify the following in the next slides: 1. Abstract, representational, or non-objective? 2. How many art elements can you identify in the art? 3. what is the most dominant art element in the art work?
  22. 22. Principles of Composition Putting the Ingredients Together!
  23. 23. Composition • the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art. • The result of how you put together all the “ingredients”.
  24. 24. Balance • Placing elements so that visual weights seem evenly distributed.
  25. 25. Symmetrical Balance
  26. 26. Asymmetrical Balance
  27. 27. Can you see how this image is asymmetrically balanced? •Figure to the left of the composition •The figure and the white of the dress dominate the canvas, yet the bright colors of the vases on the right and the flowers coming in on lower right help to balance the picture. •The woman and the placement of her arms are also helping to balance the painting. •Also her reflection is part of that visual balance.
  28. 28. Radial Balance
  29. 29. Emphasis & Focal Point • emphasis • focal point
  30. 30. Scale & Proportion • size • Proportion. The size relationship of parts to the whole.
  31. 31. Repetition & Rhythm
  32. 32. Unity & Variety • Variety:differences by contrasting, changing elements in a composition to add interest. • Unity: bringing the elements of art into a sense of oneness.
  33. 33. Practice 1. Identify the main principles of design that are most dominant in the following slides of art. 2. And what art elements do they use?
  34. 34. Structural Systems in Architecture • Traditional Building Methods: load bearing construction: all areas of the walls support the structure above them
  35. 35. Colonnade
  36. 36. Wood Frame Construction Cantilever
  37. 37. Arches, Vaulting
  38. 38. Arcade
  39. 39. Buttressing
  40. 40. Domes
  41. 41. Steel Frame Construction
  42. 42. Reinforced Concrete
  43. 43. Truss and Geodesic Construction
  44. 44. Suspension and Tensile Construction
  45. 45. Summary • ART ELEMENTS: ingredients of art • PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION: arrangement of the elements • ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURES: building methods

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