Intro to developmental disabilities ncc

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EDU 105 - ppt Intro to DD

EDU 105 - ppt Intro to DD

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  • 1. Intro to Developmental Disabilities Fall 2011 Instructor: K. Haines Nassau Community College A Course Overview
  • 2. We lcome
    • The instructor…who is she?
    • The syllabus
      • course expectations
      • breaks
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  • 3. Exercise
    • Ice – Breaker: Circles of Me
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  • 4. Welcome
    • Who are you guys?
      • Is anyone working in the DD/ID field currently? Have you ever? Family members, Friends?
      • What is your major? Educational goals?
      • Why are you taking this course?
      • What do you hope to learn?
      • What are your initial feelings about DD?
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  • 5. Basic Terms
    • DD: Developmental Disabilities
    • ID: Intellectual Disabilities
    • MR: Mental Retardation (Term still used as a clinical diagnosis, though the R-word is not used within the field. Normally listed simply as MR)
    • OPWDD: Office for People with Developmental Disabilities (NY state)
    • Person First: recognizing the person before the disability
    • Consumer: sometimes used to describe a person with a disability that is a “consumer” of a particular service.
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  • 6. History
    • 1940’s
      • No programming, institutions
    • 1970’s
      • Sheltered Workshops
      • Eventual movement toward community living
    • Now…
      • Person-centered approaches
      • Community Integration (residential, employment, volunteer, recreation)
      • Quality Programming
    • Willowbrook Institution (video)
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  • 7. Some Basic Principles
    • A person with a DD shall..…
      •  relate to his or her family friends and communities when and how he or she chooses
      •  be as independent as possible and determine the direction of his or her life
      •  have the opportunity to make life choices that do not compromise health and safety, and such choices shall be respected and valued
      •  have the opportunity to communicate his or her fears and have them addressed, and not be subjected to fear of harm or reprisal in connection with the provision of supports and services
      •  Should receive supports and services, which are effective and meet his/ her needs
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  • 8. A Developmental Disability
    • Result of a mental / physical impairment
    • Occurs before age 22
    • Continues indefinitely
    • Need for specialized services / treatment
    • Results in limitations in 3 or more:
      • Self-care
      • Self-direction
      • Economic self-sufficiency
      • Independent living
      • Learning
      • Receptive and expressive language
      • Mobility
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  • 9. Types of DD/ID
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Epilepsy
    • Neurological Impairment
    • Autism
    • Mental Retardation
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  • 10. Cerebral Palsy
      • From damage to the brain before, during, after birth
      • Loss of control over voluntary muscles in body
      • Range from mild impairment of motor coordination to severe motor incapacity
      • Awkwardness of gait
      • Loss of manual dexterity
      • Speech difficulty
      • Can have normal intelligence
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  • 11. Epilepsy
      • Seizure disorder
      • Nerve cell in brain fire uncontrollably / rapidly
      • Effect person’s consciousness
      • Different types
      • Medication can help
      • Do’s and Don’ts
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  • 12. Neurological Impairments
      • Tourette’s Syndrome
        • Involuntary tics, motor and vocalizations
      • Learning Disability
        • Hyperactivity, emotional outbursts, attention span, impulsivity, probs with reading and math
      • Head Injury (TBI: Traumatic Brain Injury)
        • Trauma to the head, loss of consciousness
      • Prader-Willi
        • Voracious appetite, MR, short stature, obesity
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  • 13. Autism
      • Autism Spectrum Disorders / PDD (Pervasive Developmental Disorders)
      • Severe disorders of communication and behavior
      • Appear during early developmental stages
      • Interferes with: learning, speech, developmental rate, response to environment, relations with others
      • Behaviors: rocking or spinning for ex.
      • Individuals may excel in one area, while needing assistance in another
      • Average stats 1 in 110 in US; 4x more for boys
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  • 14. MR
      • Before age 22, mature at below average rate
      • Causes
        • Fragile X Syndrome
        • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
        • Down Syndrome
    • At conception, extra chromosome develops on 21 st
    • Woman 35+, possible increased chance
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  • 15. Downs Syndrome
    • Trisomy 21; At conception, extra chromosome & genetic material develops on 21 st chromosome (23 chromosome pairs)
    • Occurs 1 in 800
    • Woman 35+ has increased chance
    • Characteristics
      • Face: round, flat
      • Head: flat in back
      • Hair: soft, straight
      • Mouth: cavity smaller, tongue larger
      • Hands: broad
      • Feet: stubby
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  • 16. Other Diagnoses
    • Rhett's Syndrome (girls; mutation of X chromosome)
    • Dysphagia (physical issues with swallowing)
    • Alzheimer’s Disease / Dementia
    • Language Disabilities
    • Auditory Processing Disorders
    • Mental Health Issues (bi polar, schizophrenia)
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  • 17. Normal Growth/ Milestones
    • Individuals with developmental disabilities can develop skills outside the specified time periods of the normal growth process
    • EXAMPLES:
      • (1-3 mos) lift head, grasp small objects
      • (12 mos) walk, climb, feed self
      • (4-5 yrs) use sentences, yesterday/tomorrow, toilet needs
      • (Adolescence) puberty, identity, independence
      • (Adulthood) college, live on own, marriage, children
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  • 18. Our Course
    • Subject we will discuss include:
    • Valuing people with DD
    • Societal Issues
    • Legal Issues
    • Biomedical Issues
    • Multicultural/Diversity Issues
    • Assistive Technology
    • Positive Behavioral Supports
    • Early Intervention Programs
    • Programs for Pre School, School age
    • Residential and Employment Programs
    • Programming for Older Adults
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