Why the lower cost of Moocs will not lead to improved access
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Why the lower cost of Moocs will not lead to improved access

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This is a presentation I did at eLearn 2013. It presents evidence about the relative role of Moocs, Online Learning, and Traditional Face-to-Face education modes. Essentially, I'm trying to show ...

This is a presentation I did at eLearn 2013. It presents evidence about the relative role of Moocs, Online Learning, and Traditional Face-to-Face education modes. Essentially, I'm trying to show that just decreasing the cost of education is not enough to get everyone equal access.

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  • But the blackboard, educational videos & TV, and computer-based tutorials have all been called the “most important development since Gutenberg’s printing press” (J. Daniel, 2012).

Why the lower cost of Moocs will not lead to improved access Why the lower cost of Moocs will not lead to improved access Presentation Transcript

  • MOOCs: Why Low-Cost Will Not Create Equal Access Nathan Garrett Yesica Allaya eLearn 2013, Las Vegas, NV Wednesday, October 23rd, 1:30-2:00pm http://profgarrett.com
  • Moocs are… • “the biggest revolution in education since the printing press…”
  • Quality Access: What type of students are recruited? Pedagogy: What teaching techniques are used? Retention: How many students complete successfully? Cost: What does the overall educational experience cost?
  • Iron Triangle Cost Access Quality Pedagogy Retention
  • Traditional Higher Ed • • • • • 5,599 colleges & universities 21m students 70% public >50% over 23 40% part-time
  • How many students graduate?
  • We have unequal success between ethnic groups White, Non- Hispanic Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 75% 67% 65% 60% 57% 46% 45% 39% 36% 28% 26% 16% Private Not-For-Profit Four-Year Public Four-Year Private For-Profit Four-Year
  • What students pay in tuition hasn’t significantly changed 92-93 97-98 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 10-11 11-12 $16,000 $14,000 $12,000 $10,000 $8,000 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $0 -$2,000 -$4,000 Public 2-year Public 4-year Private 4-year
  • What does it cost?
  • But, we educate more of the population U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey and decennial census: Percentage of the Population 25 Years and Over Who Have Completed High School or College: Selected Year 19402009
  • Iron Triangle for Traditional Higher Education Cost Access Quality Pedagogy Retention
  • Online Learning • 32% of college students have taken at least one course • 9% yearly growth rate
  • Access • Requires – Prepared & motivated students • Minorities have lower levels of computer preparation & skills • Non-traditional also do worse – Heavy feedback • Perceived as harder – by all students
  • Cost
  • Outcomes • Perceptions v. reality – Perceptions? Employers rank lower – Reality? Outcomes similar
  • Iron Triangle for Online Learning Cost Access Quality Pedagogy Retention
  • Mooc • xMooc v. cMooc – Dave Cormier, Bryan Alexander, George Siemens, and Stephen Downes
  • Retention • Range: 25%, 12%, 5%... • Are these really serious completers? • Coursera: – – – – Overall: 7-9% Intend to complete: 23% Complete first assignment: 40% Signature Track: 70%
  • http://mfeldstein.com/validation-mooc-student-patterns-graphic/
  • Cost per Completion • Free v. “Free” • Cost – Edinburgh, $46k – U Penn: $50k
  • Access • Who finishes a Mooc? – 70% has BA/BS, half graduate degree – Majority outside US – 60% of Coursera income <50k • San Jose – Developmental classes in Pilot • 29-51%, 20% lower than traditional
  • Iron Triangle for Moocs Cost Access Quality Pedagogy Retention
  • Cost Face-toface Access Online Mooc Quality