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Millennium Development Goal #6

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Presentation by Italian Students …

Presentation by Italian Students
Etwinning Project " Mathematical Fermi Questions "

Published in Education , Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Combat HIV-AIDS, malaria & other diseases Goal 6.
  • 2. AIDS continues to take a terrible toll, especially in sub-Saharan Africa 0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2,0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Years DeathsduetoAIDS(millions) HIV prevalence in developing regions (excluding sub-Saharan Africa) Annual number of AIDS deaths in sub-Saharan Africa HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 3.  Every day, nearly 7,500 people become infected with HIV and 5,500 die from AIDS  Some encouraging developments  The number of people infected by HIV declined  Expansion of antiretroviral treatment services  The number of people who die from AIDS has started to decline  The majority of those living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 4. In almost every region, women represent a growing share of people living with HIV 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Sub- Saharan Africa Western Asia Oceania Southern Asia Latin America & the Caribben South Eastern Asia CIS Europe Northen Africa Eastern Asia CIS Asia The regions Percentage 1990 2000 2007
  • 5. Prevention programmes are yielding results  Since 2000-2001, HIV prevalence among young women attending antenatal clinics has declined in 14 of 17 most-affected countries  The proportion of women and men who become sexually active before the fifteenth birthday fell between 1990 and 2007 in seven countries and increased in two  The rate of condom use among men aged 15 to 24 increased
  • 6. Proportion of population living with HIV in need of treatment who are receiving antiretroviral therapy, 2006 and 2007 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Latin America & the Caribbean South- Eastern Asia Oceania Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia CIS The regions Percentage 2006 2007
  • 7. Planning for children orphaned by AIDS is increasing, but tangible support is slow in coming  Several countries are making progress in providing orphans and vulnerable children with a minimum package of services  Many countries are also integrating polices for children affected by AIDS into national development plans
  • 8. Despite tremendous progress, use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets falls short of global targets 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 The G am bia Sao Tom e & Principe G uinea-Bissau Togo Zam bia M alaw i G hana Benin U nited R epublic ofT anzania Senegal C entralA frican R epublic R w andaC am eroon U ganda Burkina Faso Burundi N igerC ote d'Ivoire K enya Sierra Leone The regions Percentage around 2000 around 2006
  • 9. New malaria treatment strategies are effective, but underutilized Number of doses of artemisinin-based combination therapies procured worldwide, 2003-2006 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2003 2004 2005 2006 Years Millions
  • 10.  There has been less progress in treating malaria than in preventing it  The proportion of children with fever who received antimalarial medicines dropped from 41% in 2000 to 34% in 2005  Treatment with the more effective ACT was 6% or less between 2004 and 2006  Prevention programmes and improved access to more effective antimalarial drugs can substantially reduce malaria cases and deaths  Large increases in funding and attention to malaria have accelerated malaria control activities
  • 11. Progress towards tuberculosis targets is mixed Number of new tuberculosis cases, 1990, 2004 and 2006 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Sub- Saharan Africa South Eastern Asia Oceania Southern Asia CIS Eastern Asia Transition Countries of South Eastern Europe Latin America & the Cribbean Northern Africa Western Asia The regions Per100,000population 1990 2004 2006
  • 12.  In 2006 there were an estimated 1.7 million deaths due to tuberculosis and 14.4 million people infected with the disease  The number of new tuberculosis cases peaked in 2004  Between 2005 and 2006, however, progress in detection slowed down
  • 13. Halving the tuberculosis prevalence rate by 2015 is unlikely Number of tuberculosis cases per 100,000 population 1990, 2000 and 2006 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Sub- Saharan Africa Oceania Southern Asia South- Eastern Asia Eastern Asia CIS Transition countries of South- Eastern Europe Latin America & the Caribbean Western Asia Northern Africa The regions 100,000population 1990 2000 2006
  • 14.  The success rate for the treatment of tuberculosis under the ‘DOTS’ Directly Observed Treatment Short-course  DOTS programmes are helping to mitigate the relative impact of the disease  The prevalence rate for tuberculosis and the death rate are falling faster than its incidence  DOTS has not yet had the impact on worldwide trasmission and incidence needed to achive the ‘Stop TB Partnership’ targets of halving the world’s 1990 prevalence and death rates by 2015
  • 15. Project carried out by: Stefanazzi Martina Zonfrillo Ludovica Re Sarto Giacomo