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Millennium Development Goal #6

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Presentation by Italian Students

Presentation by Italian Students
Etwinning Project " Mathematical Fermi Questions "

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    Millennium Development Goal #6 Millennium Development Goal #6 Presentation Transcript

    • Combat HIV-AIDS, malaria & other diseases Goal 6.
    • AIDS continues to take a terrible toll, especially in sub-Saharan Africa
      • Every day, nearly 7,500 people become infected with HIV and 5,500 die from AIDS
      • Some encouraging developments
      • The number of people infected by HIV declined
      • Expansion of antiretroviral treatment services
      • The number of people who die from AIDS has started to decline
      • The majority of those living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa
    • In almost every region, women represent a growing share of people living with HIV
    • Prevention programmes are yielding results
      • Since 2000-2001, HIV prevalence among young women attending antenatal clinics has declined in 14 of 17 most-affected countries
      • The proportion of women and men who become sexually active before the fifteenth birthday fell between 1990 and 2007 in seven countries and increased in two
      • The rate of condom use among men aged 15 to 24 increased
    • Proportion of population living with HIV in need of treatment who are receiving antiretroviral therapy, 2006 and 2007
    • Planning for children orphaned by AIDS is increasing, but tangible support is slow in coming
      • Several countries are making progress in providing orphans and vulnerable children with a minimum package of services
      • Many countries are also integrating polices for children affected by AIDS into national development plans
    • Despite tremendous progress, use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets falls short of global targets
    • New malaria treatment strategies are effective, but underutilized
      • There has been less progress in treating malaria than in preventing it
      • The proportion of children with fever who received antimalarial medicines dropped from 41% in 2000 to 34% in 2005
      • Treatment with the more effective ACT was 6% or less between 2004 and 2006
      • Prevention programmes and improved access to more effective antimalarial drugs can substantially reduce malaria cases and deaths
      • Large increases in funding and attention to malaria have accelerated malaria control activities
    • Progress towards tuberculosis targets is mixed
      • In 2006 there were an estimated 1.7 million deaths due to tuberculosis and 14.4 million people infected with the disease
      • The number of new tuberculosis cases peaked in 2004
      • Between 2005 and 2006, however, progress in detection slowed down
    • Halving the tuberculosis prevalence rate by 2015 is unlikely
      • The success rate for the treatment of tuberculosis under the ‘DOTS’ Directly Observed Treatment Short-course
      • DOTS programmes are helping to mitigate the relative impact of the disease
      • The prevalence rate for tuberculosis and the death rate are falling faster than its incidence
      • DOTS has not yet had the impact on worldwide trasmission and incidence needed to achive the ‘Stop TB Partnership’ targets of halving the world’s 1990 prevalence and death rates by 2015
    • Project carried out by: Stefanazzi Martina Zonfrillo Ludovica Re Sarto Giacomo