Literary genres


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Literary genres

  1. 1. Writing Genres<br />Different styles of writing<br />
  2. 2. Non-fiction writing<br />
  3. 3. Autobiography<br />A story about an author’s own life<br />Usually includes significant events <br />Is usually fairly long<br />Characterized by the use of first-person pronouns (I, me, we, mine, ours, etc.)<br />
  4. 4. Biography<br />A story about someone’s life written by someone else<br />Usually includes significant details<br />Is usually a longer work<br />Characterized by third-person pronouns (he, she, they, their, his, hers)<br />
  5. 5. Expository Writing<br />Writing that EXPLAINS by presenting one of the following:<br />Presenting steps<br />Cause and effect<br />Types of something<br />Compare/contrast<br />Letters<br />Memos<br />Emails<br />Think five-paragraph essay<br />
  6. 6. Narrative/Memoir<br />Smaller version of autobiography<br />Focuses on only one/few events<br />
  7. 7. Persuasive Writing<br />The author tries to convince or persuade the reader to do something, think a certain way, or believe an idea<br />Usually tries to get you to agree with the author’s ideas<br />Speeches, commercials (propaganda), politics, etc.<br />
  8. 8. Response to Literature<br />Writing that is a summary or a reaction to something the writer has read (novel, short story, poem, article, book, etc.)<br />Think book reports, summaries, paraphrases, reading responses, etc.<br />
  9. 9. Fictional Writing<br />
  10. 10. Fable<br />A short story that often uses animals as the main characters<br />Usually teaches a lesson or a moral<br />Usually has only one problem/conflict to overcome<br />Think Aesop<br />
  11. 11. Fantasy<br />A story set in an imaginary land or time<br />Some characters have supernatural powers/abilities (wizards, witches, dragons, etc.)<br />Mythical beings/creatures are usually involved<br />The protagonist (hero) goes on a journey to rescue someone or fight some evil. They are often accompanied by friends/mentors, but must face the final evil alone<br />
  12. 12. Historical Fiction<br />Made-up story based on actual historical events<br />Characters may be made up or real people<br />The facts of the event are shown through a fictional story<br />Wars/politics use this often<br />
  13. 13. Novel<br />Fictional story containing <br />Several characters<br />Well-developed plot<br />Universal themes<br />Several types of conflict<br />This piece of writing is usually longer (150 pages and up)<br />
  14. 14. Play (Drama)<br />Story that uses dialogue to tell a story<br />Is meant to be performed in front of an audience by actors<br />Characterized by the format that is used (Character: Dialogue, stage directions)<br />
  15. 15. Poem<br />Writing that uses figurative language and is more rhythmic than prose (Prose is everything but poetry)<br />Figurative language includes such things as imagery, repetition, metaphors, similes, personification, etc.<br />Characterized by usually being very short, concise pieces and by the first letter of each line being capitalized<br />
  16. 16. Science Fiction<br />Writing based on real or imaginary science<br />Often set in the future<br />Can occur on distant lands throughout the universe<br />Think Star Wars<br />
  17. 17. Tall Tale/Legend<br />Often treated as one, they are two similar but distinct writings<br />Tall Tale:<br />Humorous, EXAGGERATED story about a character that does impossible things <br />Can be a real or fictional character<br />Legend:<br />Told to explain some phenomenon or mystical event<br />Passed down orally throughout generations<br />Also told to keep people from doing certain things (ghost stories)<br />
  18. 18. Tragedy<br />A story in which the hero is destroyed in the end (either physically or mentally)<br />The hero often has some fatal flaw that causes his/her downfall<br />The hero will often save the day, but die in the process for the greater good of humanity<br />