According to the style guide, Punctuate It Right, the colon is a ”mark of expectation or addition.” I like that. Colons are used when the word ”namely” could be used and after complete sentences. There is one space between a colon and the rest of a sentence. A common misusage of colons is before a ”such as.” This is incorrect and should be avoided at all costs. There are other uses for colons that you need to know to write good college level papers. Apposotives When you have a set of apposotives in a sentence, use a colon. Example-My roomate is guilty of two of the seven deadly sins: gluttony and sloth. Quotations Make sure you understand when to use a colon in regards to quotations. Remember, a colon is only used when you have a complete sentence. Example 1-Consider the words of Benjamin Franklin: ”There never was a good war or a bad peace.” (Correct) Example 2-Willow testified that: ”I never went on a date with her.” (Incorrect---first part is not a complete sentence. You will use a comma there) Do I capitalize after a colon?!? I agree with contemporary grammarians like Mignon Fogarty who feel that this is unnecessary. However, if you do it, be consistent.
Group Work!● Two sentences using a semicolon with two independent clauses about todays supplemental reading.● Two sentences using a semicolon and a transitional expression between two independent clauses about the reading.● One sentence with a comma splice about the reading.● A sentence using a colon correctly.
Procedural Stuff● Attendance● Announcements● Writing Tip and/or Welcome Freshman Tip
Semicolons!● ”With educated people, I suppose, punctuation is a matter of rule; with me it is a matter of feeling. But I must say I have a great respect for the semicolon; it’s a useful little chap.” <--Abraham Lincoln● Semicolons are a secondary divider. They give you options.● Semicolons are used between two items of equal grammatical rank not already joined with a coordinating conjunction. They will be joined by a transitional expression.
Sentences!● Two sentences using a semicolon with two independent clauses about the supplemental reading.
Semicolons!!● Two independent clauses, two phrases, etc. Test your usage by placing a period between them.● The train ride is three days; by flight it takes eight hours.● Many baseball players make it to the majors via hard work; however, he found other means.
Independent Clauses!● Use a semicolon between related independent clauses that offer contrasting or parellel information that do not have a coordinating conjunction.● Paul Reveres The Boston Massacre is traditional American protest art; Edward Hicks paintings are socially conscious art with a religious strain.
Sentences● One sentence with a comma splice about the supplemental reading.
Run On Sentences (An Intro)● We will talk about this later in the month, but using only a comma or no punctuation between independent clauses will create a run on sentence (specifically a comma splice).● The sun is high, put on some sunblock. (comma splice)
Sentences● Two sentences using a semicolon and a transitional expression between two independent clauses about the supplemental reading.
Independent Clauses With Transitional Words● Use a semicolon before a transitional word or phrase to join two independent clauses.● The transition will normally be followed by a comma.● Thomas Jefferson brought two hundred vanilla beans and a recipe for vanilla ice cream back from France; thus, he gave America its all-time favorite ice cream flavor.● (thats true)
Items In A Series!● As youll recall from our discussion of commas, if there are already commas in the list of elements you will add semicolons.● Laramie, Wyoming; Wyoming, Deleware; and Delaware, Ohio, were three of the places they visited.
Dont Misuse Semicolons!● Semicolons should be used for our good. Here are some common misuses:● Between a dependent clause and the rest of the sentence (use a comma!)● Introducing a list [use a colon! (stay tuned!)]● Between two independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions (use a comma!)● Do not use a semicolon to introduce a quote.
Colons!● Colons are used to introduce a series of elements. According to Strunk & White, they have ”more effect than the comma, less power to separate than the semicolon” (7-8)● It will be precedded by a complete sentence● Waiting tables requires three skills: Memory, speed, and balance.● Colons will also be used to introduce explanatory material.● She had one dream: To play professional basketball.
Sentences● A sentence using a colon correctly.