Apostrophes <ul><li>Apostrophes  form the possessive case, indicate omissions in contractions, and, in some cases, form pl...
Possessive Case! <ul><li>Remember back to the brief discussion of the possessive case from the other morning.
Possessive case indicates ownership.
You may have seen me note on your papers  <--Possessive case
In English, there are two ways to do this:
A phrase with the word ”of” included
The hands  of  the clock </li></ul>
Possessive Case! <ul><li>or...
With an apostrophe
The  clock's  hands
Singular nouns & certain forms of pronouns
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S11 eng10104 021411_possessivecase

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S11 eng10104 021411_possessivecase

  1. 1. Apostrophes <ul><li>Apostrophes form the possessive case, indicate omissions in contractions, and, in some cases, form plurals. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Possessive Case! <ul><li>Remember back to the brief discussion of the possessive case from the other morning.
  3. 3. Possessive case indicates ownership.
  4. 4. You may have seen me note on your papers <--Possessive case
  5. 5. In English, there are two ways to do this:
  6. 6. A phrase with the word ”of” included
  7. 7. The hands of the clock </li></ul>
  8. 8. Possessive Case! <ul><li>or...
  9. 9. With an apostrophe
  10. 10. The clock's hands
  11. 11. Singular nouns & certain forms of pronouns
  12. 12. To form possessive case, add an 's
  13. 13. ” The Monk's Tale” is one of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales .
  14. 14. When we would arrive was anyone's guess. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pause! <ul><li>Pause.
  16. 16. Take a breath.
  17. 17. Questions? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Singular Nouns Ending In -s <ul><li>In most cases, to form the possessive case of singular nouns that end in -s you will add 's
  19. 19. Reading Henry James's The Ambassadors was not Maris's idea of fun.
  20. 20. The class's time was changed to 8am.
  21. 21. But...
  22. 22. Some singular nouns that end in -s sound awkward when pronouncing the possessive ending as a separate syllable. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Singular Nouns Ending In -s <ul><li>When this happens, grammarians have deemed it acceptable to just add an apostrophe.
  24. 24. Borges' short stories
  25. 25. Aristophanes' play
  26. 26. Generally, use your best judgment. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Titles With -'s Already... <ul><li>If title already has 's, use a phrase to form possessive case
  28. 28. Awkward: A Midsummer Night's Dream's staging presents a challenge.
  29. 29. Revised: The staging of A Midsummer Night's Dream presents a challenge. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Plural Nouns Ending In -s <ul><li>Already plural nouns get an ' when already ending in -s
  31. 31. The Readers ' Guide to Periodical Literature is available online.
  32. 32. The Lopezes ' three children are triplets.
  33. 33. Compound nouns also get an -s
  34. 34. He accepted the secretary of state's resignation under protest. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Pause! <ul><li>Pause.
  36. 36. Take a breath.
  37. 37. Questions? </li></ul>
  38. 38. Two or More Items <ul><li>This one is tricky!
  39. 39. To indicate individual ownership of two or more items, add -'s to each item
  40. 40. Ernest Hemingway's and Gertrude Stein's writing styles have some similarities.
  41. 41. To indicate joint ownership, add -'s only to the last item.
  42. 42. Gilbert and Sullivan's operettas include The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado . </li></ul>
  43. 43. Done!

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