Compound Sentence Chart Independent clause |, and| Independent clause Independent clause |, but| Independent clause Independent clause |, for| Independent clause Independent clause |, nor| Independent clause Independent clause |, or| Independent clause Independent clause |, so| Independent clause Independent clause |, yet| Independent clause Independent clause |;| Independent clause Coordinating Conjunction Definitions And To Join, also, in addition But However, to constrast For Because, to show cause Nor An additional negative, to make a second element negative Or An alternative, to show more than one possibilty So Therefore, to show result Yet Nevertheless, to contrast
If you have a business with multiple names (a law firm), do not add a comma before the final name. The law firm of Rosenberg, Summers and Giles took the case.
A common misusage of commas is before a ”such as” in a sentence. The only time you can use a comma before ”such as” is before a non-restrictive clause. Example-Natasha was taking three classes this summer, such as Biology I, Composition II, and Intro to New Media Studies. Dates A comma will come between the date and the year. Example-October 21 st , 2010 A comma will come between the day and the date. Example-Thursday, October 21 st 2010. In a sentence, the comma goes after the day and year. Example-October 21 st 2010 was the day Professor Wend began this semester's grammar exam. There should be no comma if there is just a year and month or an inverted date. Example- No Agenda published eight podcasts during September 2010. Example-I was born on 6 September 1979. Set a title off with commas. Example-Kristin Bluemel, Ph.D, was promoted to full professor. Commas should go between city/state and after them. Example-The exit for Manahawkin, NJ, ironically, also mentions it goes to Pemberton, NJ. Other Misc Info Open informal letters with a comma (Dear Betty,) From the right, every three numbers gets a comma (768,565,678) Four didget numbers may or may not get a comma (1776 or 1,776) Use a comma to seperate a play's scene from an act (Act II, Scene iii) Use a comma to seperate references to lines and pages (Page 72, Line 18)
S11 eng10104 020611_commas
Commas! <ul><li>Commas are a primary divider.
Commas are used when linking two independent clauses.
A coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, yet, so) links the clauses together after the comma.
The house approved the bill, but the senate rejected it.
See note for complex sentence creation chart and definitions for each coordinating conjunction. </li></ul>
Commas! <ul><li>You can, however, omit it if the clauses are very short.
Coordinate Elements! <ul><li>Use commas when you are dealing with a series of three or more coordinate elements .
These are elements that are joined by a coordinating conjunction .
You may pay by check, with a credit card, or in cash.
If there is already a comma in the sentence, use a semicolon !
Three important criteria are; fat content, salt content, and taste. </li></ul>
Nonrestrictive Elements <ul><li>Use commas to set off nonrestrictive elements , also known as paranthetical expressions , which supply information that is not essential to the meaning of a sentence.
Robert Coover, who spoke at the symposium last year, has a new novel out.