S11 eng10104 020611_commas

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  • Compound Sentence Chart Independent clause |, and| Independent clause Independent clause |, but| Independent clause Independent clause |, for| Independent clause Independent clause |, nor| Independent clause Independent clause |, or| Independent clause Independent clause |, so| Independent clause Independent clause |, yet| Independent clause Independent clause |;| Independent clause Coordinating Conjunction Definitions And To Join, also, in addition But However, to constrast For Because, to show cause Nor An additional negative, to make a second element negative Or An alternative, to show more than one possibilty So Therefore, to show result Yet Nevertheless, to contrast
  • If you have a business with multiple names (a law firm), do not add a comma before the final name. The law firm of Rosenberg, Summers and Giles took the case.
  • A common misusage of commas is before a ”such as” in a sentence. The only time you can use a comma before ”such as” is before a non-restrictive clause. Example-Natasha was taking three classes this summer, such as Biology I, Composition II, and Intro to New Media Studies. Dates A comma will come between the date and the year. Example-October 21 st , 2010 A comma will come between the day and the date. Example-Thursday, October 21 st 2010. In a sentence, the comma goes after the day and year. Example-October 21 st 2010 was the day Professor Wend began this semester's grammar exam. There should be no comma if there is just a year and month or an inverted date. Example- No Agenda published eight podcasts during September 2010. Example-I was born on 6 September 1979. Set a title off with commas. Example-Kristin Bluemel, Ph.D, was promoted to full professor. Commas should go between city/state and after them. Example-The exit for Manahawkin, NJ, ironically, also mentions it goes to Pemberton, NJ. Other Misc Info Open informal letters with a comma (Dear Betty,) From the right, every three numbers gets a comma (768,565,678) Four didget numbers may or may not get a comma (1776 or 1,776) Use a comma to seperate a play's scene from an act (Act II, Scene iii) Use a comma to seperate references to lines and pages (Page 72, Line 18)
  • S11 eng10104 020611_commas

    1. 1. Commas! <ul><li>Commas are a primary divider.
    2. 2. Commas are used when linking two independent clauses.
    3. 3. A coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, yet, so) links the clauses together after the comma.
    4. 4. The house approved the bill, but the senate rejected it.
    5. 5. See note for complex sentence creation chart and definitions for each coordinating conjunction. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Commas! <ul><li>You can, however, omit it if the clauses are very short.
    7. 7. Love it or leave it.
    8. 8. Use your best judgment with longer independent clauses.
    9. 9. Commas can also be used to add a pause; sometimes, it is a judgment call. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Time Out! <ul><li>Pause.
    11. 11. Take a breath!
    12. 12. Questions?! </li></ul>
    13. 13. Coordinate Elements! <ul><li>Use commas when you are dealing with a series of three or more coordinate elements .
    14. 14. These are elements that are joined by a coordinating conjunction .
    15. 15. You may pay by check, with a credit card, or in cash.
    16. 16. If there is already a comma in the sentence, use a semicolon !
    17. 17. Three important criteria are; fat content, salt content, and taste. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Nonrestrictive Elements <ul><li>Use commas to set off nonrestrictive elements , also known as paranthetical expressions , which supply information that is not essential to the meaning of a sentence.
    19. 19. Robert Coover, who spoke at the symposium last year, has a new novel out.
    20. 20. It is supplemental information!
    21. 21. When using nonrestrictive elements , you will also use which instead of that (see pronouns).
    22. 22. He ran for the bus, which was late as usual.
    23. 23. The house, which is blue, sold quickly.
    24. 24. Versus...
    25. 25. The house that is blue sold quickly. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Commas & Coordinate Adjectives <ul><li>In a list ending with &quot;and&quot; use a comma before and to make sure people know it is part of the list.
    27. 27. The downtown area includes a bakery, a florist, a small supermarket with an excellent butcher, and a bookstore.
    28. 28. Coordinating adjectives need a comma unless they are joined by a conjunction already.
    29. 29. She brushed her long, shining, hair.
    30. 30. The baby was tired and cranky and wet. (no comma needed) </li></ul>
    31. 31. Time Out! <ul><li>Pause.
    32. 32. Take a breath!
    33. 33. Questions?! </li></ul>
    34. 34. Introductory Elements! <ul><li>A dependent clause that offsets the rest of a sentence is normally offset by a comma.
    35. 35. When war came to Baghdad, many victims were children.
    36. 36. If it is short, again, you may omit the comma.
    37. 37. Use your best judgment whether the sentence will still be clear.
    38. 38. When I exercise I drink plenty of war.
    39. 39. (I might keep the comma. What do you think?) </li></ul>
    40. 40. Transitional Words! <ul><li>Transitional words or phrases will be set off by a comma.
    41. 41. However, any plan enacted must be fair.
    42. 42. During the Depression, movie attendance rose.
    43. 43. First, plan your process analysis essay. </li></ul>
    44. 44. <ul><li>Pause.
    45. 45. Take a breath!
    46. 46. Questions?! </li></ul>
    47. 47. Final Thoughts... <ul><li>When dealing with quotes, commas go INSIDE the quotes.
    48. 48. Jackson's work, &quot;detailed and important,” according to Hayles, is the topic of today's lecture. <--comma goes inside quote
    49. 49. Same with dialouge
    50. 50. ”Further,” she said, ”I am sick of his crap!”
    51. 51. See note for more information about dates, titles, places, and addresses. </li></ul>

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