Group Work 
 Get in your groups... 
 Write a sentence lacking a subject. 
 Write a sentence lacking a verb. 
 Write a ...
Run On Sentences & Fragments! 
 Sentence fragments are sentences that are 
incomplete; a phrase or clause that is punctua...
Quiz Answers 
 https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1nQiIcjvCw6zF 
N- 
57UGRh3x_zwavhX0hq5gTbvB5VHe0/viewfor 
m
Fragments! 
 The fragment lacks a verb. 
 Every generation has its defining moments. 
Usually the events with the most n...
Time Out 
 Pause. 
 Take a breath! 
 Questions!?
Dependent Clauses! 
 It is a dependent clause. 
 A dependent clause contains both a subject and 
verb, but cannot stand ...
Phrases! 
 Phrases provide information about other words 
or elements in a sentence. 
 They lack a subject, verb, and ca...
Prepositional Phrases 
 A prepositional phrase consists of a 
preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the 
object. ...
Time Out! 
 Pause. 
 Take a breath! 
 Questions?!
Revising Run Ons & Comma Splices! 
 A run on sentence is an error that occurs when 
two independent clauses are joined in...
Revising Comma Splices! 
 Two independent clauses need a conjunction 
and a comma. To fix this, add a conjunction 
(and, ...
Fused Sentences! 
 Fused sentences happen when two independent 
clauses have no punctuation. 
 Charles Dickens created t...
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Parsing Independent Clauses

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  • On page 158 in Hacker there is a nice flowchart for revising runon sentences that I need to scan. If you'd like a copy, please email me.
    Comma Splices/Fused Sentences
    There are a number of ways to revise comma splices and fused sentences.
    1. Add a period between clauses to create two sentences.
    Example (for all comma splices)
    Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber he also created Uriah Heep. (fused sentence)
    Example Revised
    Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber. He also created Uriah Heep.
    2. Add a semicolon between clauses to create a compound sentence.
    Example Revised
    Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber; he also created Uriah Heep.
    3. Add a coordinating conjunction between the clauses to create a compound sentence.
    Example Revised
    Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber, and he also created Uriah Heep.
    4. Subordinate one clause to the other to create a compound sentence.
    Example Revised
    Charles Dickens, who created the character of Mr. Micawber, also also created Uriah Heep.
    Fragments
    On page 149 of Hacker, there is a great fragment flowchart I need to scan. If you want it, please email me.
    To revise fragments, you can try one of these methods:
    1. Attach the fragment to a nearby sentence.
    Example
    I tripped and fell on the grass. Running up the hill. (second sentence is a fragment)
    Example Revised
    Running up the hill, I tripped and fell on the grass.
    2. Turn the fragment into a sentence.
    Example
    Sawyer jumped out of the helicoptor, landing in the ocean. And swam back to The Island. (second sentence is a fragment)
    Example Revised
    Sawyer jumped out of the helicoptor, landing in the ocean. He swam back to The Island.
  • Parsing Independent Clauses

    1. 1. Group Work  Get in your groups...  Write a sentence lacking a subject.  Write a sentence lacking a verb.  Write a dependent clause.  Write a prepositional phrase.  Write a sentence with a comma splice.  Write a fused sentence.
    2. 2. Run On Sentences & Fragments!  Sentence fragments are sentences that are incomplete; a phrase or clause that is punctuated like a complete sentence. There are many reasons why a sentence is fragmented:  Lacks a subject:  Many astropsychisists now believe that galaxies are distributed in clusters. And even form supercluster complexes.
    3. 3. Quiz Answers  https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1nQiIcjvCw6zF N- 57UGRh3x_zwavhX0hq5gTbvB5VHe0/viewfor m
    4. 4. Fragments!  The fragment lacks a verb.  Every generation has its defining moments. Usually the events with the most news coverage.  It lacks both a subject AND verb.  Researchers are engaged in a variety of studies. Suggesting a link between alcoholism and heredity.
    5. 5. Time Out  Pause.  Take a breath!  Questions!?
    6. 6. Dependent Clauses!  It is a dependent clause.  A dependent clause contains both a subject and verb, but cannot stand alone as a sentence. It needs an independent clause to be complete.  Recently retired ArchBishop Desmund Tutu was awarded the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize. Because he fought to end apartheid. (connect dependent clause to independent clause)
    7. 7. Phrases!  Phrases provide information about other words or elements in a sentence.  They lack a subject, verb, and cannot stand alone in a sentence.  Often they are MISSING INFORMATION.  Finally, a new home for the family. (missing subject/verb)
    8. 8. Prepositional Phrases  A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object.  To fix them, attach PP to an independent clause.  Toni ran five miles. On the final day at Monmouth. (second sentence is a prepositional phrase)  Toni ran five miles, on the final day at Monmouth.
    9. 9. Time Out!  Pause.  Take a breath!  Questions?!
    10. 10. Revising Run Ons & Comma Splices!  A run on sentence is an error that occurs when two independent clauses are joined incorrectly. This can happen via two ways:  Comma splices, also known as comma faults, occur when two independent clauses are joined with just a comma.  Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber, he also created Uriah Heep.  See note for more on revising comma splices.
    11. 11. Revising Comma Splices!  Two independent clauses need a conjunction and a comma. To fix this, add a conjunction (and, or, nor).  Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Macawber, and he also created Uriah Heep.  Or...  Use a semicolon!  Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Macawber; he also created Uriah Heep.
    12. 12. Fused Sentences!  Fused sentences happen when two independent clauses have no punctuation.  Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber he also created Uriah Heep.  Grammar checkers will only correct about 50% of run ons, fragments, and fused sentences.

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