Commas
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  • If you have a business with multiple names (a law firm), do not add a comma before the final name. <br /> The law firm of Rosenberg, Summers and Giles took the case. <br />

Commas Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  Write two sentences. THEN take those sentences and connect them into a larger sentence with a coordinating conjunction.  Write a sentence using three or more coordinate elements.  Write a sentence using commas and nonrestrictive elements.  Write a sentence that connects a dependent clause to an independent clause correctly.  Write a sentence using a transitional word or phrase.
  • 2. Quiz Answers  Link To Quiz: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1X8olw0bfjEAoddyTBPSEqrqw9L8IQMpO4rcL35XsxXQ/
  • 3.  Write two sentences. THEN take those sentences and connect them into a larger sentence with a coordinating conjunction.
  • 4. Commas!  Commas are a primary divider.  Commas are used when linking two independent clauses.  A coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, yet, so) links the clauses together after the comma.  The house approved the bill, but the senate rejected it.  See wiki for complex sentence creation chart and definitions for each coordinating conjunction.  CC Podcast http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/weird-
  • 5. Time Out!  Pause.  Take a breath!  Questions?!
  • 6.  Write a sentence using three or more coordinate elements.
  • 7. Coordinate Elements!  Use commas when you are dealing with a series of three or more coordinate elements.  These are elements that are joined by a coordinating conjunction.  You may pay by check, with a credit card, or in cash.  If there is already a comma in the sentence, use a semicolon!  Remember what Professor Wend said about BCC's plagarism policy back on day one?
  • 8.  Write a sentence using commas and nonrestrictive elements.
  • 9. Nonrestrictive Elements · Use commas to set off nonrestrictive elements, also known as paranthetical expressions, which supply information that is not essential to the meaning of a sentence. · Robert Coover, who spoke at the symposium last year, has a new novel out. · It is supplemental information! · When using nonrestrictive elements, you will also use which instead of that (see pronouns). · He ran for the bus, which was late as usual. · The house, which is blue, sold quickly. · Versus... · The house that is blue sold quickly.
  • 10. Commas & Coordinate Adjectives  In a list ending with "and" use a comma before and to make sure people know it is part of the list.  The downtown area includes a bakery, a florist, a small supermarket with an excellent butcher, and a bookstore.  Coordinating adjectives need a comma unless they are joined by a conjunction already.  She brushed her long, shining, hair.  The baby was tired and cranky and wet. (no comma needed)
  • 11. Time Out!  Pause.  Take a breath!  Questions?!
  • 12.  Write a sentence that connects a dependent clause to an independent clause correctly.
  • 13. Introductory Elements!  A dependent clause that offsets the rest of a sentence is normally offset by a comma.  When war came to Baghdad, many victims were children.  If it is short, again, you may omit the comma.  Use your best judgment whether the sentence will still be clear.  When I exercise I drink plenty of water. (I might keep the comma. What do you think?)
  • 14.  Write a sentence using a transitional word or phrase.
  • 15. Transitional Words! Transitional words or phrases will be set off by a comma.  However, any plan enacted must be fair.  During the Depression, movie attendance rose.  First, plan your process analysis essay.
  • 16.  Pause.  Take a breath!  Questions?!
  • 17. Final Thoughts... · When dealing with quotes, commas go INSIDE the quotes. · Jackson's work, "detailed and important,” according to Hayles, is the topic of today's lecture. <--comma goes inside quote · Same with dialouge · ”Further,” she said, ”I am sick of his crap!” · See wiki for more information about dates, titles, places, and addresses.
  • 18. Look For Clues  Look for an independent clause - Do you see two independent clauses? - One independent, one dependent  Parentheticals  Lists of elements  Be consistent in your comma usage
  • 19. Supplemental Material  Grammar Girl Episode 356 has nice general audience comments about commas.  Episode 371 has a lot about avoiding the comma splice.  Grammar Girl has also discussed serial commas (she agrees with me).