Let’s Review Main Idea A one sentence summaryUmbrella statement covering everything in the passage
Main Idea – two parts Topic + Controlling IdeaTopic: the who or whatControlling Idea: what the author is saying about thewho or what
Main Idea Same concept, multiple namesParagraph: Main IdeaEssay: ThesisPassage: Central Point
Main Idea Implied Stated Author gives clues It is actually stated in (implies) and the reader writing.puts it together (infers) to form a main idea
Stated Main Idea Paragraph: Topic Sentence Essay: Thesis Statement
“Don’t Forget MI P P” MI = Main Idea P = Purpose P = Pattern All three work together
Purpose Why the author wrote itThree general purposes 1. Inform 2. Entertain 3. Persuade
Pattern We naturally try to make patternsIt allows us to predictAll writing follows an organizational patternIt allows us to follow the author’s thoughts and retaincontent betterTransition words link thoughts together
Moving On Introduction to Reading Vocabulary Part Two
Tone The attitude or feeling a writer expresses We indicate tone with our voice Authors use words
Tone Words Everyday Words Academia Happy Euphoric Sad Melancholic Sarcastic Ironic Mad Indignant Really Pissed Outraged
Examples Hard working professor 10 years at the college, next in line for the dean position Demographic shift – need Hispanic dean New guy gets job – last name Ramirez Professor writes a letter to the editor of Orlando Sentinel about his feelings Tone: Indignant When does indignant change to outraged? When the professor “goes postal”
Tone & Context Context = the situationTone changes within different contexts
Example Athletic TrainerAerobic InstructorFootball CoachElementary school Teacher ProfessorCollege All teach or instruct, right? Different names/titles dependent upon the setting
Example Hot Guy Husband No car One car McDonald’s McDonald’s BOGO Coupon BOGO Coupon “loser” “responsible” “cheap” “frugal”
What is bias? An inclination one way or another
Example Shopping for a car – a minivanNarrowed down to three choices1. Honda Odyssey2. Kia Sedona3. Toyota SiennaHow do I make an informed decision?
Car Shopping Ask the Honda salesman? Ask the Kia salesman? Ask the Toyota salesman?Why? So where can I go for information? Where can Iget unbiased information so that I can make aninformed decision?
Bias based on Looks: How many of you date ugly people? Do you have friends who do? Sex: Would you hire a female bouncer? Race: Racial profiling – Suspicious-looking man on the plane; racism Religion: How many people believe their religion is the “right” one? Think about wars… Age: Do you have a “cut-off age” for who you would date? What about driving? Hiring?
Preferences = Bias Beliefs are taughtWe are raised to believe things, value things, etcWe are taught to be biased
Fact Can be tested for validity Can be proven Can we prove or disprove? If yes then it’s a fact. HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH TRUE OR FALSE!
FACTS There are 5000 people in my 7:00 pm class.It is raining outside.The Gators lost the football game on Saturday.The time is now 8:00 pm.George Washington was America’s eighth president.Today is Monday, October 10th, 2011.Yesterday was Saturday.ALL OF THESE ARE FACTS.They may not be TRUE but they are FACTS.
Opinion Feelings, judgement Not testable; cannot be proven Reveals biasYou look good in blue.Burger King makes a better burger than McDonald’s.Sharon May is the best reading instructor.
Confusing… What if we do a study? Our class conducts a survey onwhat is the best candy bar. 96% of the class says Twixis the best candy bar. Fact or Opinion?According to a study conducted by Sharon May’sreading students, Twix is the best candy bar.Twix is the best candy bar.
Fact or Opinion? According to a study conducted by Sharon May’sreading students, Twix is the best candy bar. Answer: FACT – Stating the outcome of the studyTwix is the best candy bar. Answer: OPINION – Not stating the study, just the opinion
Reading Vocabulary Main Idea Organizational Patterns Topic sentence Transition Words Thesis Fact & Opinion Topic Relationships Between sentences Thesis statement Relationships Within Implied Main Idea sentences Stated Main Idea Author’s Purpose Context clues Bias Inferences Tone
STUDY!! Use your notes, the slides from this and last class, and your “Intro to Reading Cheat Sheet” handout (BB) to study and KNOW the lingo! Your quiz will be Wednesday at the beginning of class.