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Powerpoint on Bandura


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  • 1. Our Discussion How does Bandura compare to other learning theorists? What is social learning? How do self- concepts relate to social learning? What are the four stages of Bandura’s theory? How do we view adult, social learning?
  • 2. How does Bandura Compare?
  • 3. Howard Gardner Jean Piaget Multiple intelligences + Periods of life + Life experience = Varied thinking = Self- directed learning Self- construction B.F. Skinner Ivan Pavlov and John B. Watson Positive and Unconditioned stimulus = Negative Unconditioned response Reinforcements = Associate stimuli Operant Conditioning = Conditioned stimulus = Behavior Modification Conditioned response
  • 4. What is Social Learning? “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling; from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action.” -Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory, 1977
  • 5. The Bobo Doll Experiment
  • 6. Reciprocal Determination
  • 7. Four Stages of the Modeling Process Attention Retention Reproduction Motivation
  • 8. Sources of Stimuli Live Verbal Symbolic Mass media Guide No physical action needed Shapes “reality”
  • 9. Attention Paying attention and perceive Different sources of stimuli Degree in learners pay mind Striking or different Needs and interests Distractions
  • 10. Retention Learning requires remembering the model Visual Auditory Mental cues will later trigger behavior Organize, rehearse, recollect
  • 11. Reproduction Translation of symbolic, auditory, and visual cues into actual behavior Apply what was retained Selective Mastery Capability Feedback
  • 12. Motivation Without motivation or reason, imitation will not be attempted. Number of motives Incentive Internal Reinforcement
  • 13. The Self Efficacy My capacity to succeed Reinforcement Give myself a pat on the back Esteem I am worthy, I am confident
  • 14. Beyond Bobo Criticisms to the Bobo experiment: Limited social situation Cannot influence model Unlike “normal” modeling Long- term effects?
  • 15. Apply, You Must Have you seen Bandura’s concepts in adult, learning settings? How does Bandura’s theory apply to you, formally and informally? How has self- efficacy challenged your behavior?
  • 16. Questions and Comments and Discussions! Oh, My!