Rights Clearances
Clearances <ul><li>Underlying works </li></ul><ul><li>All production elements </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Na...
Films and Television programs often use popular or recognizable songs.
Each Song Has Two Copyrights <ul><li>the musical composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Two Copyrights = Two Licenses <ul><li>musical composition = synchronization rights (sync rights) </li></ul><ul><li>specifi...
However, <ul><li>if you will record the song yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only need sync rights from the music publisher...
And, <ul><li>if a recording is of a composition in the public domain -- don’t need sync license </li></ul>
Remember, many songs have several versions . . .  <ul><li>owner of the sync right is always the same </li></ul><ul><li>own...
Danger, Will Robinson <ul><li>In the context of music licensing for movies or television </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THERE  IS  ...
How to License Music <ul><li>hire someone else </li></ul><ul><li>do it yourself </li></ul>
How to do it yourself <ul><li>determine copyright ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>master recordings -- usually only one co...
Licensing for television <ul><li>Program shot on film -- need license </li></ul><ul><ul><li>right of reproduction </li></u...
<ul><li>but repeats of these programs do need license </li></ul><ul><ul><li>so producers of videotaped programs negotiate ...
Licensing for a Motion Picture <ul><li>key difference from licensing for television </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will want all ri...
<ul><li>also sync licenses will include a grant of public performance rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. theatrical exhibit...
Two Elements of a License <ul><li>Permission </li></ul><ul><li>License Fee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>discretionary </li></ul><...
Basic Terms of a License <ul><li>media </li></ul><ul><li>territory </li></ul><ul><li>length of license </li></ul>
Resources <ul><li>Copyrightcentral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.copyrightcentral.ca/home.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fi...
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Rights clearances 2011

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Rights clearances 2011

  1. 1. Rights Clearances
  2. 2. Clearances <ul><li>Underlying works </li></ul><ul><li>All production elements </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Names </li></ul><ul><li>Phone numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses </li></ul><ul><li>License plates </li></ul><ul><li>Posters on the wall </li></ul>
  3. 3. Films and Television programs often use popular or recognizable songs.
  4. 4. Each Song Has Two Copyrights <ul><li>the musical composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the specific recording </li></ul><ul><ul><li>artist’s record company </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Two Copyrights = Two Licenses <ul><li>musical composition = synchronization rights (sync rights) </li></ul><ul><li>specific recording = master recording rights (master use) </li></ul>
  6. 6. However, <ul><li>if you will record the song yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only need sync rights from the music publisher </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. And, <ul><li>if a recording is of a composition in the public domain -- don’t need sync license </li></ul>
  8. 8. Remember, many songs have several versions . . . <ul><li>owner of the sync right is always the same </li></ul><ul><li>owner of the master will change </li></ul>
  9. 9. Danger, Will Robinson <ul><li>In the context of music licensing for movies or television </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THERE IS NO FAIR USE! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plus, must distinguish between a comedic work and a parody </li></ul><ul><li>Also, “droit moral” could affect international distribution of work </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to License Music <ul><li>hire someone else </li></ul><ul><li>do it yourself </li></ul>
  11. 11. How to do it yourself <ul><li>determine copyright ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>master recordings -- usually only one copyright holder, but rights may be split by territory (especially with foreign artists) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>double-check have correct song and version </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>take care with compilation or soundtrack albums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compositions -- may have split </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>split may be by percentage and/or territory </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Licensing for television <ul><li>Program shot on film -- need license </li></ul><ul><ul><li>right of reproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Live programs = no reproduction (so no sync license) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do need performance license </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taped shows (“Tonight Show” and even first run of primetime show) = ephemeral recording which needs no license </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>but repeats of these programs do need license </li></ul><ul><ul><li>so producers of videotaped programs negotiate for sync and master use licenses prior to taping </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Licensing for a Motion Picture <ul><li>key difference from licensing for television </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will want all rights in all media in perpetuity for a fixed price </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or a “buyout” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will include all media whether now known or hereafter developed </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>also sync licenses will include a grant of public performance rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. theatrical exhibition only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign performing rights societies license theatrical exhibition in their respective countries </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Two Elements of a License <ul><li>Permission </li></ul><ul><li>License Fee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>discretionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no compulsory license as in mechanical licensing for phonorecords </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Basic Terms of a License <ul><li>media </li></ul><ul><li>territory </li></ul><ul><li>length of license </li></ul>
  18. 18. Resources <ul><li>Copyrightcentral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.copyrightcentral.ca/home.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Findlaw.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.findlaw.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entertainment Law Digest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.entlawdigest.com/ </li></ul></ul>

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