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5.7
Development of the Self
1
PSYCHOSOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT
Development of the Self
•Self-understanding
•Remember the rouge test?
•What did it show?
2
Early Emotions
•Primary
•Present in animals &
humans
•Appear 1st 6 mo’s
•Surprise
•Anger
•Sadness
•Joy
•Fear
•Self-conscio...
Self-Conscious Emotions
•Self-conscious emotions
•Self-awareness @18 months
•In early childhood:
• Pride
• Embarrassment
•...
Development of Self
•Self-conscious emotions need:
•Sense of self
•Understand right vs. wrong
•Able to evaluate own behavi...
Development of Self
•Self-conscious emotions
•Responses to reactions of others
•Remember boy in high chair reacting to
sis...
7
Awareness of Others
•Ability to understand others varies
•Empathy limited
Jealousy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rExDgS2l1fc
9
Development of Self
•Self-regulation
•Ability to manage feelings
•Nature and nurture
10
Self-regulation
•Emotional regulation
•Parents affect success
•Model & provide:
• Emotional coaching
• I know you must feel sad that it is...
Self-Concept & Self-Esteem
•Self-Esteem
•Evaluation of self-concept
•Traits & emotions included by age 4 – 5
• Description...
13
Racial & Ethnicity Identity
•Ethnicity
•Culture
•Customs
•Positive ethnic identity
•Stronger self-concept
•Greater scho...
GENDER IDENTITY
Gender Identity
•Male & female characteristics
•Gender identity:
• sense of own gender
• Appears @ age 2
•Gender roles:
• ...
Gender
•Evolutionary psychological view
• Human adaptation from reproduction roles
•Social influences
• Adaptation due to ...
17
Gender Identity
•Boy infants more
•Active
•Fussier
•Activity level shapes
•Personality
•Attention
• We respond to boys ...
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CHILD PSYCHOLOGY chapter 5.7

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Transcript of "CHILD PSYCHOLOGY chapter 5.7"

  1. 1. 5.7 Development of the Self 1 PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. Development of the Self •Self-understanding •Remember the rouge test? •What did it show? 2
  3. 3. Early Emotions •Primary •Present in animals & humans •Appear 1st 6 mo’s •Surprise •Anger •Sadness •Joy •Fear •Self-conscious emotions •Appear after 18 mo’s •Embarrassment •Jealousy •Empathy •Pride •Shame •Guilt 3
  4. 4. Self-Conscious Emotions •Self-conscious emotions •Self-awareness @18 months •In early childhood: • Pride • Embarrassment • Shame • Guilt •Tries to understand others emotions • Empathy • Why is Doug sad? • Control own emotions 4
  5. 5. Development of Self •Self-conscious emotions need: •Sense of self •Understand right vs. wrong •Able to evaluate own behavior
  6. 6. Development of Self •Self-conscious emotions •Responses to reactions of others •Remember boy in high chair reacting to sister •Ownership of a task •Pride •Angry 6
  7. 7. 7 Awareness of Others •Ability to understand others varies •Empathy limited
  8. 8. Jealousy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rExDgS2l1fc
  9. 9. 9 Development of Self •Self-regulation •Ability to manage feelings •Nature and nurture
  10. 10. 10 Self-regulation
  11. 11. •Emotional regulation •Parents affect success •Model & provide: • Emotional coaching • I know you must feel sad that it is raining & we can’t go to the park. • Emotional dismissing • I know it hurt but it is okay. • Jack’s list • Mad, sad, glad & scared Self-Regulation 11
  12. 12. Self-Concept & Self-Esteem •Self-Esteem •Evaluation of self-concept •Traits & emotions included by age 4 – 5 • Descriptions usually unrealistic, positive • I am the best swimmer. • I am happy all the time. •Self-concept in adolescents? 12
  13. 13. 13 Racial & Ethnicity Identity •Ethnicity •Culture •Customs •Positive ethnic identity •Stronger self-concept •Greater school achievement •Higher self-esteem
  14. 14. GENDER IDENTITY
  15. 15. Gender Identity •Male & female characteristics •Gender identity: • sense of own gender • Appears @ age 2 •Gender roles: • sets of expectations (think, act, feel) for females & males •Biological influences •Chromosomes, hormones, evolution 15
  16. 16. Gender •Evolutionary psychological view • Human adaptation from reproduction roles •Social influences • Adaptation due to social experiences • Social role theory: • Cultural definition of • Social hierarchy • Gender differences in power • Nurture • Status 16
  17. 17. 17 Gender Identity •Boy infants more •Active •Fussier •Activity level shapes •Personality •Attention • We respond to boys different than girls? •May contribute to toy preferences.
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