Life span chapter 17

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Life span chapter 17

  1. 1. Chapter 17 Death, Dying, and Grieving PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Professor Carney
  2. 2. Circumstances of Death  200 yrs ago  Average life expectancy 47  1900  Most people died at home • Cared for by family (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006)  Today  Average life expectancy 78  80% deaths occur with professional caregivers • Institutions • Hospitals
  3. 3. Kubler-Ross’ Stages of Dying Five stages  denial & isolation  anger  bargaining  depression  acceptance
  4. 4. Coping with Death & Loss Best for dying persons & family to know death is immanent  Individuals • • • • • • can Close life with own ideas about proper dying Complete some projects & plans Make funeral arrangements Make arrangements for survivors Reminisce Experience physical sensations & medical procedures
  5. 5. Adjustment to Death of a Spouse Optimal adjustment depends on several factors  Women do better • Better networks of friends • Care for selves psychologically  Older widows do better • Death may be more expected  Widowers more likely • Better financial resources • Remarry
  6. 6. Effective Strategies for Communicating with a Dying Person  Establish presence at same eye level  Don’t be afraid to touch  Eliminate distraction, including excessive small talk  Keep visits short with frail individuals  Don’t prescribe or deny feelings of acceptance  Allow & encourage expressions of feeling
  7. 7. Effective Strategies for Communicating with a Dying Person  Ask: expected outcome of illness  someone like to see or contacted   Discuss alternatives & unfinished business  Encourage reminiscences  Talk to individual when he/she wishes to talk  Express your caring, & love
  8. 8. Coping & Type of Death Sudden, untimely, violent, or traumatic deaths  More intense & prolonged effects Diverse grieving patterns  culturally embedded practices
  9. 9. Making Sense of the World Beneficial aspect of grieving  Make sense of world Death caused by accident or disaster  Effort to make sense of it is pursued vigorously Bereaved want to put death in a perspective they can understand
  10. 10. Losing a Life Partner Suffer profound grief Financial loss Loneliness Increased physical illness Psychological disorders  Major depression Widows outnumber 5 - 1

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