Life span chapter 13 & 14

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Life span chapter 13 & 14

  1. 1. Chapter 13 & 14 Chapter 13: Physical & Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Chapter 14: Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood 40’s - 50’s PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney
  2. 2. Changing Midlife   Middle age starts later & lasts longer 50 today…. 40’s a generation ago      Better shape More alert More productive Increasing % middle-aged & older Best-educated & most affluent group 40’s - 50’s
  3. 3. Middle Adulthood  Middle adulthood:     Declining physical skills Increased responsibility Less time left Reach & maintain satisfaction in career 40’s - 50’s
  4. 4. Physical Changes  Visible signs  Skin begins:      Wrinkle Sag Age spots Graying hair Desire to take control of aging process     Plastic surgery Botox Weight control Vitamins 40’s - 50’s
  5. 5. Height & Weight Lose height  Many gain weight   Body fat makes up:  20% or more of weight in midlife  10% in adolescence  1/3 of adults 40 – 59 obese 40’s - 50’s
  6. 6. Health Issues  Women loss 2x’s rate of bone  Bones break more easily  Heal more slowly  Need for glasses &/or bifocals  Near vision decreases 40’s - 50’s
  7. 7. Health Issues  Hearing declines  Sensitivity to high pitches decreases  Men lose sensitivity earlier  Exposure to occupational noise 40’s - 50’s
  8. 8. Sleep  40’s   More wakeful periods Less deepest sleep   Feel less rested Sleep problems more common for:      Higher # of prescriptions Higher # of nonprescription Obese Depressed Cardiovascular disease 40’s - 50’s
  9. 9. Chronic Disorders  Chronic disorders rare in early adulthood 40’s - 50’s
  10. 10. Hormonal Changes Women  Menopause Menstrual periods cease  Perimenopause   Transitional  period Normal menstrual to none Side effects vary  Cross cultural studies reveal wide variations  40’s - 50’s
  11. 11. Hormonal Changes Men Most do not lose ability to father  Small decline in:  Sexual hormone level  Sexual activity  40’s - 50’s
  12. 12.  “ Male menopause”  Psychological adjustment to overall decline   Probably not due to hormonal change Most erectile dysfunctions   Physiological problems Treatment focused on drug therapy 40’s - 50’s
  13. 13. Memory  Some decline later in middle age More time needed to learn new information  Long-term memory   Less reliable  More time to retrieve information  Increase when strategies not used 40’s - 50’s
  14. 14. Expertise  Expertise in middle adulthood  Having extensive, highly organized knowledge & understanding in a particular domain  Result of many years of Experience  Learning  Effort  40’s - 50’s
  15. 15. Chapter 14 Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood 40’s - 50’s PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney
  16. 16. 40’s - 50’s
  17. 17. Vailliant’s “Grant Study”  Midlife    Time of reassessing Recalling truth about adolescence & adulthood Minority of adults experience a crisis in midlife 40’s - 50’s
  18. 18. Stress in Midlife  Experience fewer stressors cannot control  Frequent stressor  Interpersonal tension  “ crossover stressors”  Simultaneous roles demands of multiple 40’s - 50’s
  19. 19. Stability & Change  Personality traits   NOT fixed at a certain age Cumulative personality model  Over time people become more adept:   Interacting with their environment to promote stability Some change more than others 40’s - 50’s
  20. 20. Close Relationships  Divorce in middle adulthood    couples may be alienated & avoidant lacking laughter, love, & interest in one another divorce may be more positive in some ways & more negative in others    + often more resources + children less “damaged” & can cope better minus -- may be seen as personal failure or as betrayal 40’s - 50’s
  21. 21. Close Relationships  Love & Marriage   affectionate, companionate love increases in middle adulthood security, loyalty, & mutual emotional interest become more important even difficult marriages become better adjusted in middle adulthood  married people express satisfaction  40’s - 50’s
  22. 22. Empty Nest  Empty nest syndrome    Decline in marital satisfaction after children leave home Time to pursue other interests, career, & each other Refilling of the nest  Young adult children return home    Permaparenting   Save money Recover from career set-back Reluctance to let go of adult children Parents continue to provide emotional &/or financial support 40’s - 50’s
  23. 23. Class Exercise   Generation Gap Newsletter 40’s - 50’s

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