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Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
Life span chapter 12
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Life span chapter 12

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  • 1. Chapter 12 Socioemotional Development in Early Adulthood 20s & 30s PowerPoint's developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney
  • 2. Integrating Emotional Experiences into Enjoyable Relationships • Fewer mood swings than adolescence • More responsible • Less risk-taking • Links between • childhood temperament • adult personality 20s & 30s
  • 3. Childhood Temperament Linked to Adult Personality • Easy temperament age 3 - 5 • Likely well-adjusted young adults • Inhibited temperament in childhood • Less likely assertive 20s & 30s
  • 4. Ability to Control Emotions • Age 3 • Control emotions & cope well stress • Continues into adulthood • Low emotional control & not resilient • Problems as young adults 20s & 30s
  • 5. Attachment • Attachment important in socioemotional development • Securely attached infants • Used caregiver as secure base to explore • Securely attached as adults • See partners similarly • Secure base • Return to & obtain comfort & security when stressed 20s & 30s
  • 6. Conceptualizing & Measuring Adult Attachment • Attachment-related anxiety • Extent to which individuals feel secure or insecure • Question: • Will partner • be available • responsive • attentive 20s & 30s
  • 7. Conceptualizing & Measuring Adult Attachment • Attachment-related avoidance • Degree to which individuals feel • Secure/insecure relying on others • Opening up • Being intimate 20s & 30s
  • 8. Attraction: Physical Attractiveness • Force of similarity also operates at a physical level • Matching hypothesis • Abstract • Prefer more attractive person • Real world • End up with someone close to our level of attractiveness • Men & women differ on importance of good looks 20s & 30s
  • 9. Friendship • Friendship • Important role in development throughout life • Functions of friendship: • • • • • • Companionship Intimacy/affection Support Source of self-esteem Buffer from stress Better emotional support than family • Adult friends usually same age group 20s & 30s
  • 10. Gender Differences in Friendships • Women have more: • Close friends • Self-disclosure • Exchange of mutual support • Men: • Want practical solutions to their problems • Rather than sympathy • Friendships more competitive 20s & 30s
  • 11. Falling Out of Love • Collapse of a close relationship may feel tragic • • • • • • Depression Obsessive thoughts Sexual dysfunction Inability to work effectively Difficulty making new friends Self-condemnation 20s & 30s
  • 12. Adult Lifestyles: Single or Cohabiting • More adults remaining single longer • Cohabitation • Living together in sexual relationship without being married • Many view their cohabitation as an ongoing lifestyle 20s & 30s
  • 13. Cohabitation • Relationships tend to be more equal • Disadvantages • disapproval by parents • difficulty owning property jointly • legal rights on dissolution of relationship less certain 20s & 30s
  • 14. Marriage • Changing norm of male-female equality means marriages: • More fragile • More intense • Marry • Over 90 % of U.S. women • Projections: rate will drop 80 - 90 % range • Average duration of marriage in U.S. • 9 years 20s & 30s
  • 15. Happy versus Unhappy Marriages • Happily married people: • Live longer • Healthier • Happier • Men happier being married • People in unhappy marriages may have: • High blood pressure • Heart disease • Psychological problems • Anxiety • Depression • Substance abuse 20s & 30s
  • 16. Divorce • Increases in divorce correlated with: • • • • • • Youthful marriage Low educational level Low income Not religious Divorced parents Baby before marriage 20s & 30s
  • 17. Divorce • Both divorced women & men complain of: • • • • Loneliness Diminished self-esteem Anxiety about unknowns Difficulty forming new intimate relationships • Divorced adults remarry within 4 yrs • Men remarry sooner 20s & 30s
  • 18. Gay Male & Lesbian Adults • Relationships similar to heterosexual relationships in • • • • Satisfactions Loves Joys Conflict 20s & 30s
  • 19. Making Marriage Work: Gottman • 7 principles determining marriage will work: • Establishing love maps • Nurturing fondness & admiration • Turning toward each other instead of away • Letting your partner influence you • Solving solvable conflicts • Overcoming gridlock • Creating shared meaning 20s & 30s

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