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Chapter 10
Socioemotional Development in
Adolescence
10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier,
...
Identity
 Identity composed of:
vocational/career identity
political identity
religious identity
relationship identit...
Ongoing Search
 Identity issues:
Questions about identity come up
throughout life
Such as?
Parents
Important in adole...
Self-Esteem
 Self-esteem
Overall way we evaluate ourselves

 May be correlation between
 Adolescent self-esteem
&
Fu...
Autonomy and Attachment
 Adolescent’s push for autonomy &
responsibility
Puzzles
Angers
many parents

 How should you...
Autonomy and Attachment
 Adult should
 Allow reasonable decisions
All through childhood adults should be slowly
letting...
10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
Old & New Models
 Old model
 Detach from parents & move into autonomy
 Parent-adolescent conflict intense & stressful
...
Competent Development Results
when Parents …





Show warmth & respect
Not too controlling
Not too permissive
Demonst...
Friends
 Prefer smaller number of friendships
 More intense
 More intimate

 Increasingly important in meeting
social ...
Friends
 Longitudinal study
Close friendships at 16 predicts positive
romantic relationships at 20-23

 Conform more to...
Dating & Romantic Relationships
 Dating can be a form of:
 Recreation
 Source of status
 Learning about close relation...
Gay & Lesbian Dating  
 Many date heterosexually, which
can help
clarify their sexual orientation
disguise it

 Few ha...
Sociocultural Contexts & Dating  
 Differences in dating patterns among
ethnic groups
 Values, religious beliefs, & trad...
Dating & Adjustment
 Those who date more likely
 accepted by peers
 perceived as more physically attractive

 Early da...
Variations of adolescence around
the world
 Asian Indian
 2/3 accept parents’ choice of marital partner

 Philippines
...
Variations of adolescence around the
world Cont.

 Kenya
Street youth
May delinquent
Prostitution

 United States
Ma...
Rites of Passage  
 Rite of passage
 Ceremony or ritual
 Marks transition
 One status to another
 Gain access to:
– S...
Do we have rites of passage for
American adolescents?
 US no universal ceremony
 Jewish bar & bat mitzvah
 Catholic con...
Delinquency
 Juvenile delinquent
 2002
Juvenile court caseloads
 3 males to 1 female

 High delinquency rates
Minori...
Causes of Delinquency  
 Many causes
 Heredity
 Identity problems
 Community influences
 Family experiences

 Peers ...
Causes of Delinquency  
 Family conflict
 Inconsistent & inappropriate
discipline
 Sibling influences
 Delinquent peer...
Depression  
 Adolescent girls consistently
higher rates depression
 Risk
Family factors
Poor peer relationships
Prob...
Suicide  
 Suicide behavior
Escalates in adolescence
Increases further in emerging adulthood

 Suicide 3rd leading cau...
Gender Differences in
Suicide
 Females more likely to attempt
 Males more likely to succeed
 Males more lethal means
 ...
Adolescent Problems & their
Treatment
 4 main problems
drug abuse
delinquency
sexual problems
school-related problems...
Successful Programs
 Programs successful preventing or
reducing problems
Intensive individualized attention
Community-w...
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Life span chapter 10

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Transcript of "Life span chapter 10"

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Socioemotional Development in Adolescence 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  2. 2. Identity  Identity composed of: vocational/career identity political identity religious identity relationship identity achievement; intellectual identity sexual identity cultural/ethnic identity interests personality physical identity 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  3. 3. Ongoing Search  Identity issues: Questions about identity come up throughout life Such as? Parents Important in adolescent's development of identity – How? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  4. 4. Self-Esteem  Self-esteem Overall way we evaluate ourselves  May be correlation between  Adolescent self-esteem & Future adjustment in adulthood How was your self esteem in adolescence? Is it better now? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  5. 5. Autonomy and Attachment  Adolescent’s push for autonomy & responsibility Puzzles Angers many parents  How should you handle this issue? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  6. 6. Autonomy and Attachment  Adult should  Allow reasonable decisions All through childhood adults should be slowly letting go  Continue to guide adolescent  Ask questions to help them to think  Ex: Want a new car – Questions?  Boys given more independence  Secure attachment  Important in adolescents’ relationships with parents 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  7. 7. 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  8. 8. Old & New Models  Old model  Detach from parents & move into autonomy  Parent-adolescent conflict intense & stressful  New model  Parents important attachment figures & support systems  Parent-adolescent conflict is moderate  Everyday negotiations & minor disputes Normal Serve positive function – What could that be? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  9. 9. Competent Development Results when Parents …     Show warmth & respect Not too controlling Not too permissive Demonstrate interest  Spend time with them  Monitor activities  Understand development  Communicate expectations for high standards of conduct & achievement  Recognize moderate conflict is normal  Deal with problems & conflict constructively  Understand adolescents don’t become adults overnight  NUMBER 1 RULE: BE A GOOD ROLE MODEL 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  10. 10. Friends  Prefer smaller number of friendships  More intense  More intimate  Increasingly important in meeting social needs  Ups & downs of experiences with friends  Shape adolescents’ well-being 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  11. 11. Friends  Longitudinal study Close friendships at 16 predicts positive romantic relationships at 20-23  Conform more to peer pressure than when children 8th – 9th grade conformity to antisocial behavior peeks. Drug use 12 - 13 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  12. 12. Dating & Romantic Relationships  Dating can be a form of:  Recreation  Source of status  Learning about close relationships  Way of finding a mate  Often comfort in numbers  Teens begin hanging out in mixed-sex groups  Cyberdating  Popular Especially middle school age  Hazardous Who are they really talking to? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  13. 13. Gay & Lesbian Dating    Many date heterosexually, which can help clarify their sexual orientation disguise it  Few have same-sex romantic relationships Limited opportunities Social disapproval 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  14. 14. Sociocultural Contexts & Dating    Differences in dating patterns among ethnic groups  Values, religious beliefs, & traditions dictate: Age dating begins How much freedom in dating Dates chaperoned by adults or parents Roles of males/females in dating 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  15. 15. Dating & Adjustment  Those who date more likely  accepted by peers  perceived as more physically attractive  Early dating & “going with” someone associated with :  adolescent pregnancy  problems at home  problems at school 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  16. 16. Variations of adolescence around the world  Asian Indian  2/3 accept parents’ choice of marital partner  Philippines  Many females sacrifice their futures Move to city Send money home  Middle East  Many not allowed to interact with opposite sex, even in school 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  17. 17. Variations of adolescence around the world Cont.  Kenya Street youth May delinquent Prostitution  United States Marrying later  Russia Marrying earlier Legitimize sexual activity 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  18. 18. Rites of Passage    Rite of passage  Ceremony or ritual  Marks transition  One status to another  Gain access to: – Sacred adult practices – Knowledge – Sexuality  Often involve a ritual – Death – Rebirth » or – Means of contact with spiritual world 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  19. 19. Do we have rites of passage for American adolescents?  US no universal ceremony  Jewish bar & bat mitzvah  Catholic confirmation  Quinceañera  Sweet 16 party  School graduation closest  Social organizations  May have ceremonies Initiations Debuts 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  20. 20. Delinquency  Juvenile delinquent  2002 Juvenile court caseloads  3 males to 1 female  High delinquency rates Minority groups Low SES  Should adolescent be tried as an adult? 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  21. 21. Causes of Delinquency    Many causes  Heredity  Identity problems  Community influences  Family experiences  Peers may Reinforce negative identity Norms lower-SES peer groups & gangs  Antisocial 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  22. 22. Causes of Delinquency    Family conflict  Inconsistent & inappropriate discipline  Sibling influences  Delinquent peers Greatly increases risk  Lack of parental monitoring Especially important 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  23. 23. Depression    Adolescent girls consistently higher rates depression  Risk Family factors Poor peer relationships Problems in romantic relationships 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  24. 24. Suicide    Suicide behavior Escalates in adolescence Increases further in emerging adulthood  Suicide 3rd leading cause of death ages 10 – 19  Take suicide talk or attempt seriously! Most unsuccessful 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  25. 25. Gender Differences in Suicide  Females more likely to attempt  Males more likely to succeed  Males more lethal means  Guns  Females more likely  Cut their wrists  Overdose sleeping pills  Lesbian & gay  Especially vulnerable 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  26. 26. Adolescent Problems & their Treatment  4 main problems drug abuse delinquency sexual problems school-related problems  Higher risk More than 1 above, more risk 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
  27. 27. Successful Programs  Programs successful preventing or reducing problems Intensive individualized attention Community-wide multi-agency collaborative approaches Early identification & intervention 10-12 to 18-22 Years-of-Age
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