Child chapter 3.3

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Child chapter 3.3

  1. 1. 3.3 1
  2. 2. Ages 6 - 11
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 2008 4
  5. 5. • Highest rate of child mortality • Wars • Disease • Famine • 1 in 8 die before 5th birthday 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. • Death • SIDS: • Infants • Accidents: • 2,000 toddlers, under age of 2 die per yr • Accidents related to culture? • Accidents related to SES? 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. • Leading cause of death •2-5yrs.: • Motor vehicle • Why? 9
  10. 10. • Why? • 70% improper car restraints • Running into the street • Climbing to unsafe heights • Exploring toxic substances •Walking to school • Riding bicycles 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. • 2007 65,000 emergency room visits • Serious injuries, lack of proper sports equipment • Are helmets cool? • http://www.kvue.com/news/Neurosurgeons-areseeing-more-severe-skateboarding-injuries121750639.html • "Almost 50 percent of skateboarding injuries have at least some component of head injuries to them," said Dr. Michael Webb, the Executive Director of the NeuroTexas Institute 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. • Leading cause of death among 17 & younger • 2nd most common 1- 4 yr. olds • 2007, 844 toddlers died • Near drowning • Mild to severe brain injury • Many end up vegetated state 14
  15. 15. • Adolescents • Drowning in lakes and oceans • Midjudge levels of risk 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. • Homicide • 2nd leading cause of death, 1 yr. olds. • 10% 17
  18. 18. • “A child abuse case turns into a murder investigation after an infant dies of her injuries. Jeffrey Locker is now charged with murder. Detectives say 1-year-old Brooklyn Saechao died Thursday. Brooklyn was living with her mother, Jamie Saechao & her boyfriend, Jeffrey Locker, 22. Officials say it was Locker who called 911 & reported Brooklyn had fallen & hit her head. She was found with severe head injuries and was unconscious when she was rushed to Legacy Emanuel.” 18
  19. 19. • Teens • 2nd leading cause of death • 85% due to firearms • African Americans • Leading cause of death • Suicide • More common that homicide • Risk factor depression 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. • Prevention strategies best • Safety equipment • Minimize risky behaviors • Seat belts and car seats • Proper adult supervision •Teach children how to cross the street
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. • 75% common cold • May cause ear infections • More frequent in infants & toddlers • Lower SES • More likely, health problems • Birth • More asthma, diabetes • Hospitalized more • Miss more school • Suffer consequences of less education 23
  24. 24. • Asthma • Most common chronic disease in childhood • 10 million children in US under 18 • Rising recent decades • Higher rate in wealthier countries • Higher death rate in developing countries • Born in US Mexican children higher rate than those born in Mexico 24
  25. 25. • Asthma • African Americans • Highest prevalence in US • More severe • Less out patient treatment • More trips to ER and hospitalizations • Appears more common in athletes who train outdoors • Genetic & environmental variables • Tobacco, air pollution, respiratory infections, stress, etc. 25
  26. 26. • Asthma • Affect cognitive development • Medication side effects • Sleep disrupted • Concentration • Strict diet, medical regime • Frustration & anxiety 26
  27. 27. • Asthma • Affect psychosocial development? • Missed school days • Lost social opportunities • Unable to participate in team sports • Embarrassed to use inhalers or take medication • Stress • Direct link between degree of stress and psychiatric conditions • Depression 27
  28. 28. • Diabetes • Risen • 2 main types • Type 1 (Juvenile diabetes) • Type 2 (Adult) • 95% of all cases • Preventable • Increasingly earlier ages • Overweight • Lack of physical activity 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. • • • • Pair up with a classmate You are parents of a 5 yr. old Discuss putting TV in your child's bedroom Discuss putting a computer in your child’s bedroom • When child, teen? • Why or why not? • Write down main points of the discussion. 30
  31. 31. • 2/3 of children under 2 watch TV daily • Under 2 should not watch TV • Why? • TV in bedrooms? • Computer in bedrooms? •Sleep affected? • Light from screen may affect melatonin 31
  32. 32. • All types of media overexposure • Weight gain • Drug use • Smoking • Eating disorders • Less connection with parents? 32
  33. 33. • Problems with kids being on the Internet unsupervised? • Problems with being on too long? 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. • How do you encourage a healthy lifestyle? 35
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