CHILD PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 4.5 WEB

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CHILD PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 4.5 WEB

  1. 1. Language Chapter 4.5 No 4.3 or 4.4 1
  2. 2. Behaviorist View • Skinner basics: – Learn language by imitation & reinforcement • BaBa, Dada • What might be a problem with behaviorist view?
  3. 3. Problems with Behaviorist View? • 1. Natural variation in learning language – Children make up own sentences » “Go there” means: » I want to get back into the stroller. » Learn words • 2. Not always reinforcement for new words – Gain Infinite Generativity • Produce endless number of meaningful sentences using finite set of words and rules •
  4. 4. Noam Chomsky • Chomsky's LAD hypothesis –LAD • Language Acquisition Device –Humans prewired to learn language at certain time –Able to detect various features & rules of language –No physical structure –Behaviorists opposed • Reinforced for saying Mama
  5. 5. Interactionist View of Language Development • Biology & environmental experiences – Contribute to language development • Which are? • Children acquire native language without explicit teaching • Worldwide children acquire language same time. • Research – Professionals spoke more to children than welfare recipients – Professionals children » Vocabularies twice as large Nature of Language and How it Develops in Infancy
  6. 6. Interactionist View • Children learn language in specific contexts • Father & baby book –father points to bird • son repeats word
  7. 7. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Babies communicate by sounds & gestures • Sequence of 1st year communication – 1. Crying – 2. Cooing – 3. Babbling – 4. Gestures
  8. 8. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Babbling –Begins about 2 mo.'s. • Strings of consonant-vowel combinations, such as “ba, ba, ba, ba” –Universal –6 mo.'s • Babble sounds of language exposed • Do not respond to sounds in other languages not commonly exposed to.
  9. 9. Beginnings of Oral Communication • First Words –Receptive vocabulary • 5 mo.'s may recognize their name • 13 mo.’s understand 50 words
  10. 10. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Holophrases –One word for entire thought • Cool –Spoken vocabulary • 9 mo.'s – 1 year, holophrases – Important objects & persons » Dada » Ball » Doggie 10
  11. 11. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Spoken vocabulary spurt –18 mo. old • 50 – 100 words –2 yr. old • 300 words
  12. 12. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Telegraphic speech –Economical use of words • “Read book” –Correct order of words »Opposed to “book read”
  13. 13. Beginnings of Oral Communication • Overextension –Dada may mean all men • Underextension –Use a word too narrowly • Boy may mean only boys his age 13

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