LIFE SPAN Chapter 11

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LIFE SPAN Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood 20s & 30s PowerPoints developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney
  2. 2. Markers of Becoming an Adult • When do we consider someone an adult? • (other than legally) 20s & 30s
  3. 3. 20s & 30s Markers of Becoming an Adult • Most widely recognized marker: • Holding permanent, full-time job • Economic independence • Often long process • Taking responsibility for self • How changing?
  4. 4. 20s & 30s • Accepting responsibility • Consequences of actions • Deciding beliefs & values • Establishing relationship with parents as equal • What does this mean? Markers of Becoming an Adult Cont.
  5. 5. 20s & 30s • 3 assets especially important to well- being during transition: • 1. Intellectual (cognitive) • 2. Psychological • 3. Social friends ) I purchased socks Markers of Becoming an Adult
  6. 6. Achieving the Transition 3 Types of Assets • 1. Intellectual •Academic success •Ability to plan • (delay gratification) •Good decision-making skills 20s & 30s
  7. 7. 20s & 30s Achieving the Transition 3 Types of Assets • 2. Psychological • Mental health • Mastery motivation • Confidence in competence • Identity • Values • Community contributions
  8. 8. • 3. Social •Connectedness to others through: • Friendship • Positive peer relations 20s & 30s Achieving the Transition 3 Types of Assets
  9. 9. 20s & 30s College Issues • Today’s students experience more: • Stress • Depressed more then past • Main concerns • Pressure • Succeed in college • Get a great job • Make money • Recession?
  10. 10. 20s & 30s Emerging Adulthood • Emerging Adulthood 18-25 • Transition from adolescence to adulthood • 5 features characterize emerging adulthood: • 1. Identity exploration • Especially in love & work • 2. Instability • 3. Self-focused • 4. Feeling in-between • 5. Possibilities • Opportunity to transform their lives I insisted Sarah fold pajamas
  11. 11. 20s & 30s Physical Performance & Development • Physical performance peak before 30 • Signs of decline 30 • Sagging chins • Protruding abdomens • Lessening of physical abilities • Begin decline in physical performance
  12. 12. 20s & 30s Health • 2x’s mortality rate of adolescents • Don’t think how lifestyles affect health later • Smoking • Junk food
  13. 13. 20s & 30s Substance Abuse • Mid-20’s, reduced use alcohol & drugs • Binge drinking • More common among college men • Problems include • Missing classes • Physical injuries • Troubles with police • Unprotected sex
  14. 14. 20s & 30s Sexuality “Good girls go to heaven, bad girls go everywhere. “ Mae West • Casual sex more common (18-25) • Sexual orientation Combination of •Genetic •Hormonal •Cognitive •Environmental factors
  15. 15. 20s & 30s Realistic & Pragmatic Thinking • Realistic and Pragmatic thinking • Face reality • Idealism decreases • What factors might cause this? • Early adulthood switch from • acquiring knowledge • to • applying knowledge
  16. 16. 20s & 30s Reflective & Relativistic Thinking Perry • When younger • Black & white thinking • good/bad • right/wrong • How does this change as we become an adult?
  17. 17. • Thinking in adulthood • Reflective & Relativistic thinking • Consider many views • Determine most suitable answer to situation. • Others believe • Reflective thinking • Important indicator of cognitive change 20s & 30s Reflective & Relativistic Thinking Perry
  18. 18. 20s & 30s Postformal Thought • Postformal thought • Understanding correct answer to problem requires reflective thinking • Can vary situationaly • Ex: Should I get an abortion? • Includes belief • Solutions to problems need to be realistic • Emotion & biases can influence thinking
  19. 19. 20s & 30s Creativity • Time of great creativity • Decline in 50’s & later • Extensive individual variation in lifetime output of creative individuals
  20. 20. 20s & 30s Career & Work • Important themes of early adulthood: • Earning a living •Choosing occupation •Establishing career •Developing career
  21. 21. Career & Work • By mid-20’s • Many completed education or training • Full-time occupation • Remainder of early adulthood • Establish career • Improve financial standing 20s & 30s
  22. 22. 20s & 30s Personality • Personality type theory • Important to match personality with career • Holland believes • Careers fit personality • More likely • Enjoy work • Stay job longer
  23. 23. Personality 6 basic career-related personality types: 1.Realistic: Thinkers 2.Investigative: Doers 3.Artistic: Creators 4.Social: Helpers 5.Enterprising: Persuaders 6.Conventional: Organizers 20s & 30s

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