What is the Description Pattern?<br />To support the thesis, use detailed and specific descriptions.<br />Description creates images, establishes context, evokes moods, and aids in understanding.<br />
Purposes for Description<br />To entertain.<br />To share feelings and experiences.<br />To inform the reader on an unfamiliar subject.<br />To create a fresh appreciation for the familiar.<br />To persuade. <br />After discerning purpose, consider your audience. <br />
Dominant Impression<br />Focus your description with a single dominant impression (notable quality).<br />Describe only those features that contribute to that impression. <br />
Determine the Need for Objective & Subjective Description<br />Objective description includes observable, factual details expressed in unemotional language. <br />Subjective description includes expressive, emotional language to convey feelings and emotions. <br />They can be used separately or together. <br />
Use Concrete Sensory Detail <br />Concrete sensory detail creates vivid mental images.<br />It consists of specific words that appeal to the senses (sight, sound, taste, smell, touch). <br />
Similes and Metaphors<br />Figurative language helps create vivid descriptions.<br />A simile uses the words like or as to compare two things usually not seen as similar. <br />A metaphor also compares two things that are not usually seen as similar, but without using like or as.<br />
Organizing Description<br />Your thesis should state what you are describing and your dominant impression about your subject.<br />When you form your thesis, express your impression in specific language.<br />
Arrange Descriptive Details<br />Chronological order is helpful if describing an experience.<br />Spatial order is helpful if describing a place.<br />Progressive order is helpful if you are building up to an impressive ending.<br />
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