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Grammar & punctuation
 

Grammar & punctuation

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    Grammar & punctuation Grammar & punctuation Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar & Punctuation
      Review for the Final Exam
    • Subject-Verb Agreement
      A singular subject must have a singular verb, and a plural subject must have a plural verb.
      Incorrect: The dogs is hungry.
      Correct: The dogs are hungry.
    • Verb Tense
      Verb tense must stay consistent. Otherwise, tense shift occurs.
      Incorrect: When I first started my job, I hate it.
      Correct: When I first started my job, I hated it.
    • Sentence Fragments
      A word group must contain a subject and a verb to be a complete sentence. Otherwise, if a subject or verb is missing, a sentence fragment occurs.
      Incorrect: I like pasta. Especially spaghetti and lasagna.
      Correct: I like pasta, especially spaghetti and lasagna.
    • Run-ons
      When two or more thoughts continue with no punctuation to divide them, a run-on occurs.
      To fix this, divide or combine thoughts with the appropriate punctuation or conjoining words.
      Incorrect: I hate math I love psychology.
      Correct: I hate math. I love psychology.
      Correct: I hate math, but I love psychology.
      Correct: I hate math; however, I love psychology.
    • Slang/ Word Choice
      Using sophisticated word choice and avoiding slang is necessary in college-level essays.
      Avoid words and phrases like: hang out, psyched, kid, teen, awesome, okay, psycho, pro.
      Incorrect: Tests make me freak.
      Correct: Tests make me nervous.
    • Spelling/ Wrong Word
      Make sure that words are spelled correctly, and that the correct words are being used (homonyms are words that sound alike but are spelled differently).
      Incorrect: Witch way should we go?
      Correct: Which way should we go?
    • Pronoun Problems
      A pronoun must refer to the proper antecedent.
      Incorrect: When he put the vase on the shelf, it broke.
      Correct: When he put the vase on the shelf, the shelf broke.
      Incorrect: She dropped out, for they did not teach very well.
      Correct: She dropped out, for the teachers did not teach very well.
    • Commas
      There are several uses for a comma. They are:
      to separate items in a series
      to set off introductory material
      before & after words that interrupt the flow of thought in a sentence
      before two complete thoughts connected by and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet
      to set off a direct quotation from the rest of a sentence.
    • Other Punctuation
      Apostrophe- Apostrophes have two uses: to show ownership/ possession, and to replace a missing letter in a contraction.
      Quotation Marks- Quotation marks are used to show a direct quotation.