Grammar & Punctuation<br />Review for the Final Exam<br />
Subject-Verb Agreement<br />A singular subject must have a singular verb, and a plural subject must have a plural verb.<br...
Verb Tense<br />Verb tense must stay consistent. Otherwise, tense shift occurs.<br />Incorrect: When I first started my jo...
Sentence Fragments<br />A word group must contain a subject and a verb to be a complete sentence. Otherwise, if a subject ...
Run-ons<br />When two or more thoughts continue with no punctuation to divide them, a run-on occurs.<br />To fix this, div...
Slang/ Word Choice<br />Using sophisticated word choice and avoiding slang is necessary in college-level essays.<br />Avoi...
Spelling/ Wrong Word<br />Make sure that words are spelled correctly, and that the correct words are being used (homonyms ...
Pronoun Problems<br />A pronoun must refer to the proper antecedent.<br />Incorrect: When he put the vase on the shelf, it...
Commas<br />There are several uses for a comma. They are: <br />to separate items in a series<br />to set off introductory...
Other Punctuation<br />Apostrophe- Apostrophes have two uses: to show ownership/ possession, and to replace a missing lett...
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Grammar & punctuation

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Grammar & punctuation

  1. 1. Grammar & Punctuation<br />Review for the Final Exam<br />
  2. 2. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />A singular subject must have a singular verb, and a plural subject must have a plural verb.<br />Incorrect: The dogs is hungry.<br />Correct: The dogs are hungry.<br />
  3. 3. Verb Tense<br />Verb tense must stay consistent. Otherwise, tense shift occurs.<br />Incorrect: When I first started my job, I hate it.<br />Correct: When I first started my job, I hated it.<br />
  4. 4. Sentence Fragments<br />A word group must contain a subject and a verb to be a complete sentence. Otherwise, if a subject or verb is missing, a sentence fragment occurs.<br />Incorrect: I like pasta. Especially spaghetti and lasagna.<br />Correct: I like pasta, especially spaghetti and lasagna.<br />
  5. 5. Run-ons<br />When two or more thoughts continue with no punctuation to divide them, a run-on occurs.<br />To fix this, divide or combine thoughts with the appropriate punctuation or conjoining words.<br />Incorrect: I hate math I love psychology.<br />Correct: I hate math. I love psychology.<br />Correct: I hate math, but I love psychology.<br />Correct: I hate math; however, I love psychology.<br />
  6. 6. Slang/ Word Choice<br />Using sophisticated word choice and avoiding slang is necessary in college-level essays.<br />Avoid words and phrases like: hang out, psyched, kid, teen, awesome, okay, psycho, pro.<br />Incorrect: Tests make me freak.<br />Correct: Tests make me nervous.<br />
  7. 7. Spelling/ Wrong Word<br />Make sure that words are spelled correctly, and that the correct words are being used (homonyms are words that sound alike but are spelled differently).<br />Incorrect: Witch way should we go?<br />Correct: Which way should we go?<br />
  8. 8. Pronoun Problems<br />A pronoun must refer to the proper antecedent.<br />Incorrect: When he put the vase on the shelf, it broke.<br />Correct: When he put the vase on the shelf, the shelf broke.<br />Incorrect: She dropped out, for they did not teach very well.<br />Correct: She dropped out, for the teachers did not teach very well.<br />
  9. 9. Commas<br />There are several uses for a comma. They are: <br />to separate items in a series<br />to set off introductory material<br />before & after words that interrupt the flow of thought in a sentence<br />before two complete thoughts connected by and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet<br />to set off a direct quotation from the rest of a sentence.<br />
  10. 10. Other Punctuation<br />Apostrophe- Apostrophes have two uses: to show ownership/ possession, and to replace a missing letter in a contraction.<br />Quotation Marks- Quotation marks are used to show a direct quotation.<br />

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