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  • 1. Speech 122 Intercultural Communication
  • 2. Linguistic Determinism - A person’s view of reality comes from his/her language. Even though languages are similar they cannot represent the same reality. Example: Inuit Eskimos (the indigenous people of N North America) who have over twenty words for different types of snow. They can visually see the distinction, because they have words to describe the distinction. The Inuit had single words to describe snow on the ground, falling snow, hard packed snow, etc. The Aztecs had a single word for cold, snow and ice.
  • 3. Sapir-Whorf hypothesis – Language shapes a person’s experience. It’s not just a tool to report experiences. 'we can only perceive and think what our language allows us to perceive, think and say' The English language is built on extremes; near and far, hot and cold, heavy and light, while Portuguese has may words for the middle area of the extremes. Can you think of a word or term for water that feels neither warm or cool to the touch?
  • 4. Fail
  • 5. The Hopi (North American Indians living in the NE Arizona area) language shows no evidence of any concept of time seen as a dimension. Whorf, realizing how vitally important the concept of time is in Western physics (for, without it, there can be no velocity or acceleration) developed an idea of what a Hopi physics might look like. He claimed it would be radically different from English physics and that it would be virtually impossible for an English physicist and a Hopi physicist to understand each other.
  • 6. The Triangle of Meaning, according to Ogden and Richards Thought (Your Image of Cat) Symbol Referent, The Word Cat The actual, live Cat -The word ‘cat’ is a symbol that refers or ‘stands’ for the creature. -The thought is your mental image of a cat. -The referent is the cat itself. -Problems caused when the referent isn’t concrete like freedom, family, or beauty.