Ach 245 Lecture 01 (Fundamentals) Vista
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Ach 245 Lecture 01 (Fundamentals) Vista Ach 245 Lecture 01 (Fundamentals) Vista Presentation Transcript

  • ACH 245 Computer Applications for Design
    • Lecture 1- Basic Computer Fundamentals
      • Lab Overview
      • File Storage and Media
      • Controls
      • The Network Environment
      • File Management
  • Some Ground Rules
    • Multiple ways to achieve same function
      • Course will show you the best or most common way
    • You must follow along with the lecture
      • No doing other work or assignments
    • Technology can and will go wrong
    • You are responsible for your files, materials and equipment
    • No web surfing, IM, e-mail or playing games
    • Lab Equipment
      • Output Devices
        • Printers
        • Plotters
      • Scanners
        • All-in-one
        • Large format
      • Copiers
        • All-in-one
        • Large Format
    Lab Overview See Reference for more information View slide
    • Printing
    • Printers - HP BusinessJet 1100
      • Smaller outputs
      • 8 ½”x11”  “A” Size (letter)
      • 8 ½”x14”  “B” Size (legal)
      • Better (faster) for test prints and proofing
    • Locations:
      • CALT 331 (CAD Lab)
      • CALT 321 & 341 (Studio Labs)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview View slide
    • Printing
    • Printers - HP Color LaserJet 5500
      • Smaller outputs
      • 8 ½”x11”  “A” Size (letter)
      • 11” x 17”  “B” Size (tabloid)
      • Better (faster) for test prints and proofing
    • Locations:
      • CALT 324 (Arch. Resource Room)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Printing
    • Plotters - HP DesignJet 500
      • Large outputs, 24” roll
      • 24”x36”  “D” Size
      • Best for final plots
    • Locations:
      • CALT 321 & 341 (Studio Labs)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Printing
    • Plotters - HP DesignJet 800
      • Large outputs, 42” wide roll
      • 24”x36”  “D” Size
      • 36”x42”  “E” Size
      • Best for final plots
    • Locations:
      • CALT 331 (CAD Lab)
      • CALT 324 (Arch. Resource Room)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Scanners
    • Digitizes paper originals
      • Text, photos, etc.
    • Saves graphic electronically for use in software applications
      • File formats include .jpg, .tif, .gif, .bmp
      • . tif best quality (but files are large)
      • . jpg “J-Peg” most common (files compressed)
      • Some issues with file compression
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Scanners
    • Color –
      • 8 ½”x11”  “A” Size (letter)
    • Locations:
      • CALT 331 (CAD Lab)
      • two scanners are located at back of room and attached to individual computers
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Scanners
    • Color –
      • Large format
      • 18” x 24”  “C” Size
      • 24” x 36”  “D” Size
    • Locations:
      • CALT 324 (Arch. Resource Room)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Scanner/Copier
    • Color - HP PSC 2410 All-in-One
      • 8 ½”x11”  “A” Size (letter)
      • also color copier
      • For Departmental Projects ONLY
        • Low volume (limit the number of copies)
    • Locations:
      • CALT 331 (CAD Lab)
      • CALT 324 (Arch. Resource Room)
      • CALT 321 & 341 (Studio Labs)
    REFERENCE SLIDE Lab Overview
    • Copiers
    • Large Format – Xerox 3001
      • 24”x36”  “D” Size
      • Rendering
      • Project submittal
      • For Departmental Projects ONLY
        • Low volume (limit the number of copies)
    REFERENCE SLIDE
    • Locations:
      • CALT 324 (Arch. Resource Room)
    Lab Overview
  • Storage Media for Files
    • Where do you save?
    • Hard Drives
      • Internal and portable
      • Size: 20-100+ GB
    • Flash Drive
      • Size: 512 MB to 4 GB
    • CD/DVD Drives
      • CD size: 600-800 MB
      • DVD size: 4.7 GB
    See Reference Slides for more information
  • Storage Media for Files
    • What’s a byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte??
      • A byte is code that represents information within a file
      • 1 byte = 8 bits
      • 1 kilobyte (KB) = 1,000 bytes (1, 024 bytes)
      • 1 megabyte (MB) = 1,000 KB (1,024 KB or 1,048,576 bytes)
      • 1 gigabyte (GB) = 1,000 MB (1,024 MB or 1,073,741,824 bytes)
    The file size is designated in KB within the Windows system. 7.3 MB 43 MB
    • Where do you save files?
    • Your Flash Drive
    • Your folder on the network
      • Files on the network are erased at the end of the semester
      • Copy everything to your flash drive BEFORE you leave at the end of the semester!!!
    • Do not save to the lab computer hard drive
      • Files on hard drives are routinely erased
    Flash drives go here in the lab computers REFERENCE SLIDE File Storage
  • File Storage
    • Backing-up files
    • YOU are responsible for backing up your files
    • The college does not back-up files
    • The network is not “secure”
    • “ Losing files” is no excuse for not turning in assignments!
    • BE WARNED!!!
  • Your computer just died. Locked up. Stopped working. Did you save?
  • File Storage
    • When do you save?
    • After a complex command
    • After 5-10 minutes
    • After every class
    • Always, often, frequently, habitually, regularly, repeatedly and a lot
    • Control+S, Control+S, Control+S!
    See Reference Slides for more information
    • Backing-up files
    • Some programs automatically create back up files
      • Names file with different extension
        • .wbk, .bak, etc.
      • Only accessible through a recovery
    • You need to set the time interval and location of back up files
    • Do not depend on these as copies of your file
    • Better to create your own duplicate copy and save back and forth AND
    • Copy to multiple locations (flash drive, home, lab, etc.)
    REFERENCE SLIDE File Storage
  • Controls
    • Input Devices
    • Mouse - common functions
      • Moving Cursor
      • Clicking
    • Keyboard - common functions
      • General input for information
      • Shortcut controls (universal commands)
  • Controls
    • Mouse Clicking
    • Single Left Click
      • Highlights/selects
      • Executes command
    • Second Single Click
      • Edit mode of file name or text
    • Double Left Click
      • Launches/opens program
    • Right Click
      • Opens alternate window or menu
  • Controls
    • Mouse Clicking
    • Right Click
      • Opens alternate window or menu
  • Controls
    • Keyboard
    • Function Keys
    • Shortcuts
    • Number pad
    • Screen position
    • Windows Shortcuts
  • Universal Commands
    • Common to Virtually All Windows Programs
    • MEMORIZE :
    • Undo Control+Z  Bold Text Control+B
    • Save Control+S  Italic Text Control+I
    • Open Control+O  Underline Control+U
    • Cut Control+X  Select All Control+A
    • Copy Control+C  New File Control+N
    • Paste Control+V
    • Print Control+P
    See link: http://www.seoconsultants.com/windows/keyboard/ for information on other keyboard function keys
  • Logging On
    • Move mouse to make sure computer is on
    • Make sure monitor is on
    • If not, press center button on tower to turn on computer
    • Screen will appear asking you to press “Ctrl-Alt-Delete to begin”
  • Logging On
    • User name is same as MyAACC account
      • First initial, middle initial, last name
    • Password is first four letters of last name, last four of SSN
      • May be prompted to change password
    • Log on to STUDENT domain
    Log off when session is completed! jmsith STUDENT
  • The Network Environment
    • What is a “Network”
      • Computers are “linked” together to a “server”
      • Server is a separate, remote device
    • Why save to the network?
      • Files accessible from any computer
      • If a lab computer goes down, files are not lost
      • Servers are safer than lab computers
      • Files on Hard Drives routinely erased
  • The Network Environment
    • Terminology (Hierarchy)
    • Server (on Network)
      • “ Master” to other computers
    • Drives
      • On individual computers
      • Contains directories
    • Directories
      • Organize folders
    • Folders
      • Organize files
    • Files – Individual documents (i.e. your work)
  • The Network Environment
    • Drives
    • Given a letter designation
    • Hard Drive: “C” drive
      • Do not save on hard drives!
    • CD/DVD: “D” drive
    • Flash Drive: “E” drive
    • Other Drives
      • Network, digital cameras, memory cards, etc.
  • The Network Environment
    • Network Drives
    • Department Drive
      • Known as “U” drive
      • architecture on
      • ‘ bcts-annapolis’
      • FOR PROJECT SUBMISSIONS
        • Once saved, can not modify or delete
    • Folders organized by course
      • Do not rename or reorganize any files on the network
      • Read lab policies in syllabus again!
  • The Network Environment
    • Network Drives
    • Find the “H” drive
      • Open the drive listed with your name
    • Create a folder for ACH 245
      • Right Click  File  New  Folder
      • “ New Folder ” will appear already highlighted for renaming
      • While highlighted type in ACH 245
    • Windows Explorer
    • Right click on Start
    • Choose Computer
    • Brings up folders
    • Navigate from there
    File Management
  • File Management
    • File Views
      • Thumbnails
        • small to extra large icon
      • Tiles
      • List
      • Details
    Slide Marker identifies view
    • Thumbnails
    • Application
    • File Name
    • Shows preview for some applications
      • Additional file details when cursor over file
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • Icons
    • Smaller Icon
    • Application
    • Partial File Name
      • Additional file details when cursor over file
  • File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • List
    • Application
    • File Name
      • Additional file details when cursor over file
    • Tiles
    • Application
    • File Name
    • File Size
      • Additional file details when cursor over file
    • Details
    • Displays all file details
      • name, size, type, date modified
      • View by any detail in ascending or descending order
    • Can rearrange order of file details
      • Additional file details when cursor over file
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • Details
    • Can add additional file details to view and organize
    • Right click on top bar
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
  • File Management
    • Selecting Files
      • SHIFT will select a list of files consecutively
      • Select first file in list
      • Hold down SHIFT key
      • Then select last file in list
  • File Management
    • Selecting Files
      • CTRL will select a list of files individually
      • Select first file in list
      • Hold down CTRL key
      • Then select multiple files individually
  • File Management
    • Moving/Renaming
    • Directories/Files
      • Select item and right click
      • Select Rename
  • File Management
    • Properties
    • You can find out the size of a drive, directory or folder
      • Select drive, directory or folder by single left click
      • right click on selected object
      • Select Properties at the bottom of menu
  • File Management
    • Properties
    • You can find out the size of a drive, directory or folder
      • Select drive, directory or folder by single left click
      • right click on selected object
      • Select Properties at the bottom of menu
        • Type
        • Location
        • Size
        • Contents
    • File Extensions
    • At the end of a file
      • .ppt, .doc, .dwg, .xls, .pdf
    • Automatic when saving
    • Identifies and associates program
      • A filtering system
    • Does not show
      • Except when opening, inserting, etc.
    • Cannot (should not) change
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • My Computer
    • Start  My Computer
    • Or off the desktop if there is a shortcut
    • Any application can be a shortcut on the desktop or on the taskbar
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • My Computer
    • Shows icon views of main drives
    • Provides other links
    • Selecting folders sets up similar views as Windows Explorer
    • Navigate from there
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • My Computer
    • Same view options
      • Thumbnails
      • Tiles
      • Icons
      • List
      • Details
    • Bullet identifies view
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
    • Searching
    • Right click on start
    • Choose search
    • Criteria
      • File name
      • Word in file
      • Drive/directory
      • Date/size
      • Other criteria
    File Management REFERENCE SLIDE
  • Course Assignments
    • For project submission
    • All files must be named the following format:
    • [course #]-[lastname]-[assignment]-[semester]
    • EXAMPLE: ACH 245-smith-project 1-SP07
  • Next Class: AutoCAD