ACH 121 Lecture 01 (Arch. Industry )

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Roles of the Architect, Interior Design and Construction Manager

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ACH 121 Lecture 01 (Arch. Industry )

  1. 1. The Architectural Industry The Roles & Responsibilities of: The Architect The Interior Designer The Construction Manager
  2. 2. THE ARCHITECT <ul><li>Licensed Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional from an accredited institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internship Process (Paid, Don’t Panic Yet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examination Process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expert in Design and Construction Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blend of Creative Art and Craft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible Liability for Building Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code Research and Compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination of consulting firms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structural Engineers, Civil Engineers, Interior Designer, Project Specialty Architects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. THE ARCHITECT <ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetic (what it looks like) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functional (how it is going to be used) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety of Building Inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How is the building going to stay standing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance with Codes and Regulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local and National </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life Safety </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE ARCHITECT <ul><ul><li>Maintaining Budget for Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting appropriate materials to control costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the Bidding process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Act as the Owner’s Representative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps owner envision design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responds to owner’s needs & wants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm work has been completed for payment of contractor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design Documentation (Typical Duties) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drawings (plans, elevations, sections, details) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renderings (perspectives, sketches, photorealistic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scaled models </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. THE ARCHITECT <ul><li>3. Responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Produce a coordinated set of working drawings suitable for construction. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plans, sections, elevations, details, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Description of the quality of desired materials and installation requirements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certifies payment to Contractor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certifies changes during construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observes the construction process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assures compliance with Contract Documents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Completion and Closeout </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performs “punch list” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. THE ARCHITECT <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From a NAAB (Nat’l Architectural Accrediting Board) accredited school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelors of Architecture (4-5 years of school) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Masters of Architecture (5-6 years of school) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Required degree depends on state of registration. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B.A. or B.S. in Architecture DOES NOT meet licensure requirements in Maryland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 years & 700 training units (1 unit = 8 hours) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitored by Intern Development Program (IDP) through NCARB (National Council of Architectural Registration Board) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. THE ARCHITECT <ul><ul><li>Licensing & Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must past the ARE (Architectural Registration Exam) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9 parts (6 written, 3 graphic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses different disciplines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design, Structures, Site Development, Materials & Standards, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing Education may be required depending on state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typically can be fulfilled through conferences & lunch-n-learns </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Affiliations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Institute of Architects (AIA) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. INTERIOR DESIGNER <ul><li>Certified Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert in interior design & space planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blend of art & function </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But responsible for code compliance & ADA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned with Health, Safety & Welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be consultant to Architect </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. INTERIOR DESIGNER <ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics (colors, textures) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functional </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>space planning & room lay out </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manages technical issues (lighting & acoustics) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance with Codes and Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ADA (American with Disabilities Act) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local and National </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining Budget for Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting appropriate materials to control costs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. INTERIOR DESIGNER <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under-graduate Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelors of Interior Design or Arch. (4-5 years of school) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 years minimum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitored by Interior Design Experience Program (IDEP) through NCIDQ (National Council Interior Design Qualification) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. INTERIOR DESIGNER <ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must past the NCIDQ exam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 parts (2 written, 1 graphic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses different disciplines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing Education may be required depending on state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Affiliations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. CONSTRUCTION MANAGER <ul><li>Non-Licensed Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expert in Construction Technology & Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blend of Methodology and Organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for Building Erection and Contract Compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liable if building is not built to specification by architect/interior designer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must comply with contract documents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oversees and organizes materials, trades & process during erection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many subcontractors to help complete work </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. CONSTRUCTION MANAGER <ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joining of materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety of Laborers/Trades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining secure environment during construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance with Contract Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building to architects drawings/specifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managing trades and materials during construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assist the architect where possible to resolve coordination issues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. CONSTRUCTION MANAGER <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under-graduate Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelors of Architecture or Construction Management (4-5 years of school) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelors or Masters of Business Administration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10-15 years in field as foreman, superintendent or assistant project mgr </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not formal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hired as Project Engineer, Office Engineer or Assistant Project Manager </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. CONSTRUCTION MANAGER <ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 hour exam, 2 parts, all written </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Address different areas of management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administered by CMAA (Construction Management Association of America) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Affiliations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Management Association of America (CMAA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. HOMEWORK- DUE THURSDAY <ul><li>Review the professional websites posted on the class website </li></ul><ul><li>Class discussion on each profession </li></ul>

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