CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS• They are born from other living things.• They grow.• They reproduce (they have offspring).• They die at the end of their life cycle.
LIFE PROCESSES OF LIVING THINGS• NUTRITION: Living things need food to live and grow.• SENSITIVITY: Living things use their senses to react in the world around them.• REPRODUCTION: Living things are born from the same species.
Living things are classified into groups called KINGDOMS • THE ANIMAL KINGDOM • THE PLANT KINGDOM • THE FUNGI KINGDOM • THE BACTERIA KINGDOM • OTHER SIMPLE ORGANISMS KINGDOM
ANIMAL KINGDOM • Animals are multicellular organisms. • They eat other living things. • Most can move around. • There are two main groups: VERTEBRATES (they have a spine); INVERTEBRATES (they don’t have a spine)
PLANT KINGDOM • Plants are multicellular organisms. • They cannot move around. • They use sunlight and substances from soil and air to make food. • There are two kinds of plants: PLANTS WITH FLOWERS and PLANTS WITHOUT FLOWERS.
FUNGI KINGDOM • They can be unicellular or multicellular. • They cannot move around. • They eat the remains of other living things. • Yeast, mould and mushrooms are in this group.
TWO SIMPLE KINGDOMS • There are two more kingdoms made up of very small and simple organisms. • Most of them are unicellular organisms.
CELLS All cells have: a) NUCLEUS: it organizes how a cell works. b) CYTOPLASM: it’s the liquid that surrounds the nucleus. c) ORGANELLES: parts of the cell that have different functions. d) MEMBRANE: it’s the wall that surrounds the cell.
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