Good Governance: An Islamic Perspective Prof. Dr. Anis Ahmad* * Prof. Anis is meritorious professor and Vice Chancellor, Riphah International University, Islamabad. He is also Editor of Quarterly Journal West & Islam , Islamabad. He can be contacted at [email_address] and [email_address]
As a concept it is not something new though in modern management science and public administration, it has become a frequently used term alongside terms like sustainable development, civil society, transparency, devolution of power and democracy.
It further says: “O you who believe stand up as a witness for Allah in all fairness, and do not let the hatred of people deviate you from justice ( ‘adl ). Be just, this is closest to piety ( I’dilu huwa aqrabu littaqwa )”
Public Accountability – “…Lo the hearing and the sight and the heart – of each of these will be asked”
bani Isra’il 17:36
“ Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: Everyone of you is a guardian ( ra’in ) and accountable ( mas’ul ) for his charge. Thus the amir is a guardian of the people and He is accountable for them. And a man is a guardian ( ra’in ) of his household and he is accountable for them; and a women is in charge ( ra’iyah ) of the household and her children and she is accountable for them; and a servant is guardian of his master’s property, everyone of you is accountable for his subjects”
Rule of Law – “O you who believe, be custodians of justice (and) witness for Allah, even though against yourselves or your parents or your relatives. Whether a man be rich or poor, Allah is the greatest well-wisher than you. so follow nor the behests of lust, lest you swerve from justice…”
Effective and Efficient – Decisions made on time and effectively enforced make the governance good. Red-tapism, bureaucratic and lengthy process lead to inefficiency and making governance in-effective.
Quality Assurance – Public transactions and dealings when done with honesty and fairness lead to confidence building in society. The Qur’an enjoins use of one and same standards for quality control in delivering systems.
“ Fill the measure when you measure and weigh with a right balance; this is better, and excellent its consequences”