You will need your
1-C CLOZE Notes
Introduction to Geography
1
2
1. What is Geography?
a. Geography is the study of Earth in all
its variety
b. Geography concerns Earth’s land,
water, and...
1. What is Geography?
c. Geography gives information about
1) the very diverse groups of people
who live on Earth
4
http:/...
1. What is Geography?
c. Geography gives information about
1) the very diverse groups of people
who live on Earth
2) place...
1. What is Geography?
c. Geography gives information about
1) the very diverse groups of people
who live on Earth
2) place...
1. What is Geography?
d. Geography has a major effect on the
way people live.
2. Some of the important places we will be
s...
8
http://www.pustakalaya.org/images/maps/africa_topo.jpg
a. Africa Europe
African Trading Kingdoms
Ghana, Mali, Songhai
Af...
9
http://dglnotes.com/media/ME-satellite.jpg
Europe
Fertile Crescent
Africa
Mediterranean Sea
Arabian Peninsula
Persian
Gu...
c. Asia
10http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Asia_satelite_photograph.jpg
Indian
Ocean
Asia
Africa
E...
11
http://www.cosmovisions.com/cartes/qEurope.jpg
Africa
Atlantic
Ocean
d. Europe
Middle
East
Asia
Russia
England
Europe
P...
e. Mesoamerica
12
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Mesoamerica_topographic_map-blank.svg
Mesoamerica
Atl...
13
South America
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Topographic_map_of_South_America.jpg
f. South America
Pacific
Ocea...
2. People have adapted to many different land
forms including the four major ones.
a. mountain
b. hill
c. steppe
d. platea...
3. Mountain: a high, steep, rugged land that
rises above the surrounding land elevation;
at least 2,000 ft. high.
15
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them.
1. rich in mineral resources mining jobs
16
2. heavily forested jobs in the
lumber industry
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit t...
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them.
water power
(hydroelectricity)
3. swift flow...
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them.
often in valleys4. affects where people live...
5. barriers to transportation, travel, trade
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them....
6. can isolate people
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them.
21http://upload.wikime...
7. Can form a natural fort for protection
3. Mountains:
a. Mountains effect the culture of the people
who inhabit them.
22
b. The Himalayas -- highest and oldest mountain
range in the world.
formation of
Himalayas
3. Mountain:
23
24
3. Mountain:
b. The Himalayas
1) 1,500 miles long, the Himalayas create a
natural order between China & India
http://ww...
3. Mountain:
b. The Himalayas
2. Mount Everest -- highest mountain in
the world is at 29,035 ft
Click small image to acces...
26
3. Mountain:
c. Tien Shan– mountains located in northwest China.
http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_imag...
27
3. Mountain:
c. Tien Shan– mountains located in northwest China.
1) The combination of the Tien Shan, Himalayas
and oth...
3. Mountains:
d. Hindu Kush – located in the northwestern
corner of the Indian subcontinent or large
landmass that juts ou...
3. Mountains:
d. Hindu Kush – located in the northwestern
corner of the Indian subcontinent or large
landmass that juts ou...
3. Mountains:
d. Hindu Kush –
30
Two groups did enter: the Aryans and the
Mongols, 3000 years later. As a result, India
ha...
3. Mountains:
e. The Andes – these mountains along the
western sea coast of South America were
the home of the Inca.
31
An...
32
http://bellaremyphotography.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/20120514-img_1878-2.jpg
http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/arc...
33
3. Mountains:
f. The Alps - this mountain range at the
northern border of the Italian peninsula
hindered neither the Ro...
34
3. Mountains:
g. The Urals - the oldest and lowest mountains on
Earth are located in Russia and act as the natural
boun...
35
3. Mountains:
h. The mountains and valleys of Greece – resulted
in the formation or individual city-states such as
Athe...
36
3. Mountains:
h. The mountains and valleys of Greece – resulted
in the formation or individual city-states such as
Athe...
4. Hill:
a. areas of raised land lower than and not as steep
as mountains.
b. transportation and travel easier
c. In ancie...
38
4. Hill:
a. areas of raised land lower than and not as steep
as mountains.
b. transportation and travel easier
c. In ancie...
5. Plateau:
a. Large areas of high, flat land
b. Elevation- a few hundred to several
thousand feet high
c. Tibetan Plateau...
5. Plateau:
a. Large areas of high, flat land
b. Elevation- a few hundred to several
thousand feet high
c. Tibetan Plateau...
5. Plateau:
a. Large areas of high, flat land
b. Elevation- a few hundred to several
thousand feet high
c. Tibetan Plateau...
5. Plateau:
c. Tibetan Plateau – China
d. Deccan Plateau - India
43
http://www.featurepics.com/FI/Thumb300/20080321/Shaded...
6. Steppe:
a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain
44
http://astanatopia.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/astana-steppe-7...
6. Steppe:
a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain
b.most of the world’s food is grown here
45
http://astanatopia.fi...
6. Steppe:
a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain
b.most of the world’s food is grown here
c. transportation easy
4...
6. Steppe:
a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain
b.most of the world’s food is grown here
c. transportation easy
4...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
a. The first major civilizations began in
river valleys.
48
http://www.tcmyel...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
http://pro.corbis.com/images/42-
18...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
c. source of food
http://tgcministr...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
d. large cities grow
c. source of f...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
d. large cities grow
c. source of f...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
d. large cities grow
c. source of f...
7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture.
b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation
d. large cities grow
c. source of f...
8. Climate is measurement of the temperature
55
8. Climate is measurement of the temperature
56
and precipitation.
a. Climate can affect culture.
1) Climate affects the agriculture of a
society.
a) Climate determines what crops will
grow...
Sugar
cane
Pineapples
58
Coffee 
Tea
59
a. Climate can affect culture.
1) Climate affects the agriculture of a
society.
a) Climate determines what crops will
grow...
a. Climate can affect culture.
1) Climate affects the agriculture of a society.
a) Climate determines what crops will
grow...
62
http://nimg.sulekha.com/others/original700/india-monsoons-2009-7-15-9-41-50.jpg
63
http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01431/field_1431962c.jpg
http://nimg.sulekha.com/others/original700/india-m...
a. Climate can affect culture.
3) It determines how people dress
8. Climate is measurement of the temperature &
precipitat...
a. Climate can affect culture.
4) It determines what recreational
activities people choose.
8. Climate is measurement of t...
a. Climate can affect culture.
4) It determines what recreational
activities people choose.
8. Climate is measurement of t...
9. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
a. fertile soil
http://www.ours...
9. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
b. clean water
http://feelgoods...
8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
c. trees
http://www.instablogsi...
8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
d. Minerals
http://www.allposte...
8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
e. energy sources
http://www.su...
8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural
environment people use to meet their needs.
f. human skills & labor
http://...
http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Egypt_Sphinx_Giza_Pyramid.jpg
http://english.people.com.cn/200506...
1) Forests
2) plant & animal life
3) grasslands
4) rich soil
9. Two kinds of natural resources
a. Renewable Resources – ca...
b. Nonrenewable Resources-- cannot be
replaced; formed over millions of years
by geological forces
1) fossil fuels – coals...
b. Nonrenewable Resources-- cannot be
replaced; formed over millions of years
by geological forces
2) metals and minerals ...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
--- Listen to the video and see if you can
find them.
** Clue = mr help
77
78
10. The Five Themes of Geography
a. m
b. r
c. he
d. l
e. p
79
movement
region
he–human environment interaction
location
pl...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
a. movement – all things move
1) People move for different
purposes such as jobs, travel ...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
b. region – large areas that share
unique features in one way or
another
1) Political reg...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
c. human environment interaction --
what humans have done or is
done to humans by Mother ...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
c. human environment interaction --
what humans have done or is done to
humans by Mother ...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
c. human environment interaction-- what
humans have done or is done to
humans by Mother N...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
d. Location – where people or things
are
1) Absolute location which is described
by latit...
10. The Five Themes of Geography
e. Place – described by physical and
cultural characteristics
1) Physical characteristics...
Works cited
Bilham, Roger . "Birth of the Himalaya." Earth, Wind, and Ice. Nova Online Adventure. 17 Aug 2007
<http://www....
Works cited continued
Map Europe: http://geology.com/world/europe.jpg
Map Medieval Trade Routes: http://global.brunelli.us...
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1 c intro to geography 2013 2014

  1. 1. You will need your 1-C CLOZE Notes Introduction to Geography 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 1. What is Geography? a. Geography is the study of Earth in all its variety b. Geography concerns Earth’s land, water, and plant & animal life. 3
  4. 4. 1. What is Geography? c. Geography gives information about 1) the very diverse groups of people who live on Earth 4 http://www.photostaud.com/img/fotogal erie/samburu-people- destination/kenya-samburu-013.3.jpg http://outsiderjapan.pbworks.com/f/1241104812/geisha.jpg http://www.chinapictures.org/images/chinese-new-year/1/chinese-new- year-40202160257314.jpg http://www.visittnt.com/india-travel-themes/gifs/india-culture-heritage.jpg http://www.fanar.gov.qa/Uploads/Activity/vodafone.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_NfsdvUxYGkI/TFLwR_f5uyI/AAAAAAAAXYw/tCLQnTD7V O4/s640/holy_sepulchre.jpghttp://minisites.com/images/jewishreligion.jpg http://drpinna.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/American-People- Flag.jpg http://bridge-outsourcing.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Global-people.jpg
  5. 5. 1. What is Geography? c. Geography gives information about 1) the very diverse groups of people who live on Earth 2) places the people have created 5http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/djenne.JPGhttp://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/645/cache/snow-great-wall-of- china_64511_990x742.jpg http://www.islamic-architecture.info/WA-IQ/MFD05-02.jpg http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img- get/I00007Z0xA3obfDY/s/750/750/Barcelona-Sagrada-Familia- http://ergodic.ugr.es/granada12/images/gallery/big/01.patio_leones.jpg
  6. 6. 1. What is Geography? c. Geography gives information about 1) the very diverse groups of people who live on Earth 2) places the people have created 3) how those places differ 6
  7. 7. 1. What is Geography? d. Geography has a major effect on the way people live. 2. Some of the important places we will be studying this year 7
  8. 8. 8 http://www.pustakalaya.org/images/maps/africa_topo.jpg a. Africa Europe African Trading Kingdoms Ghana, Mali, Songhai Africa Nile River Middle East Asia Sahara Desert Indian Ocean Atlantic Ocean
  9. 9. 9 http://dglnotes.com/media/ME-satellite.jpg Europe Fertile Crescent Africa Mediterranean Sea Arabian Peninsula Persian Gulf Indian Ocean Asia Nile River Tigris River Euphrates River Mesopotamia b. Middle East
  10. 10. c. Asia 10http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Asia_satelite_photograph.jpg Indian Ocean Asia Africa Europe Middle East Pacific Ocean Russia India China Japan Indus River Huang River Mediterranean Sea
  11. 11. 11 http://www.cosmovisions.com/cartes/qEurope.jpg Africa Atlantic Ocean d. Europe Middle East Asia Russia England Europe Portugal Spain France Italy Greece
  12. 12. e. Mesoamerica 12 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Mesoamerica_topographic_map-blank.svg Mesoamerica Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean South America Olmec Aztec Maya North America
  13. 13. 13 South America http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Topographic_map_of_South_America.jpg f. South America Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mesoamerica Inca Andes Mountains
  14. 14. 2. People have adapted to many different land forms including the four major ones. a. mountain b. hill c. steppe d. plateau 14
  15. 15. 3. Mountain: a high, steep, rugged land that rises above the surrounding land elevation; at least 2,000 ft. high. 15
  16. 16. 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. 1. rich in mineral resources mining jobs 16
  17. 17. 2. heavily forested jobs in the lumber industry 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. 17
  18. 18. 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. water power (hydroelectricity) 3. swift flowing streams  18
  19. 19. 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. often in valleys4. affects where people live  Glacial Valley, Stalheim, Norway, Scandinavia, Europe by James Hager https://www.allposters.co.uk/-sp/Glacial-Valley-Stalheim- Norway-Scandinavia-Europe-Posters_i3054112_.htm 19 the Punakha Dzong (Fortress) http://bhutan-360.com/punakha Terraces of Pisaq, Sacred Valley. Photo: Mylene d'Auriol Stoessel. Luxury Machu Picchu Travel.
  20. 20. 5. barriers to transportation, travel, trade 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. 20 http://www.acus.org/content/kyber-pass Khyber Pass, Hindu Kush, West India in the Italian Alps, near Bormio and Sulden http://www.flickr.com/photos/avi _abrams/1015242026/sizes/o/ Inca Bridges, Andes Mts , Peru http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2277/1516126107_409c3fdebc.jpg The Inca Bridge of Q’eswachaka – 52 ft above river http://www.dosmanosperu.com/dosmanos/newsletter/img_news/2006/i Repaired The Keshwa chaca http://www.pbase.com/manco/image/35215875/large Silk Road from China to Middle East
  21. 21. 6. can isolate people 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. 21http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/China_satellite.png China
  22. 22. 7. Can form a natural fort for protection 3. Mountains: a. Mountains effect the culture of the people who inhabit them. 22
  23. 23. b. The Himalayas -- highest and oldest mountain range in the world. formation of Himalayas 3. Mountain: 23
  24. 24. 24 3. Mountain: b. The Himalayas 1) 1,500 miles long, the Himalayas create a natural order between China & India http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Asia_satelite_photograph.jpg China India
  25. 25. 3. Mountain: b. The Himalayas 2. Mount Everest -- highest mountain in the world is at 29,035 ft Click small image to access http://www.panoramas.dk/fullscreen2/full22.htmla 25
  26. 26. 26 3. Mountain: c. Tien Shan– mountains located in northwest China. http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Asia_satelite_photograph.jpg China India
  27. 27. 27 3. Mountain: c. Tien Shan– mountains located in northwest China. 1) The combination of the Tien Shan, Himalayas and other features, geographically isolates China. This directly impacts the culture of China and leads to a very limited cultural diffusion, or the spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another.
  28. 28. 3. Mountains: d. Hindu Kush – located in the northwestern corner of the Indian subcontinent or large landmass that juts out from a continent. 28 http://bhoffert.faculty.noctrl.edu/REL315/Map.AryanMigration.gif
  29. 29. 3. Mountains: d. Hindu Kush – located in the northwestern corner of the Indian subcontinent or large landmass that juts out from a continent. 29 The combination of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush protected India from a lot of invaders.
  30. 30. 3. Mountains: d. Hindu Kush – 30 Two groups did enter: the Aryans and the Mongols, 3000 years later. As a result, India had cultural diffusion via land routes (mostly internal) and sea routes (external).
  31. 31. 3. Mountains: e. The Andes – these mountains along the western sea coast of South America were the home of the Inca. 31 An extensive system of roads were constructed to transport the emperor’s messengers and armies across his empire.
  32. 32. 32 http://bellaremyphotography.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/20120514-img_1878-2.jpg http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02354/MachuPicchu_2354046b.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_NLgCNBWt34A/Rl6eY1b7yII/AAAAAAAAAxg/t9S43ke9SHg/s400/1%2 520(8)23.jpg
  33. 33. 33 3. Mountains: f. The Alps - this mountain range at the northern border of the Italian peninsula hindered neither the Roman armies nor medieval trade from the Muslim world to Italy and across the Alps to Europe.
  34. 34. 34 3. Mountains: g. The Urals - the oldest and lowest mountains on Earth are located in Russia and act as the natural boundary between Asia and Europe.
  35. 35. 35 3. Mountains: h. The mountains and valleys of Greece – resulted in the formation or individual city-states such as Athens and Sparta.
  36. 36. 36 3. Mountains: h. The mountains and valleys of Greece – resulted in the formation or individual city-states such as Athens and Sparta. Athens Sparta
  37. 37. 4. Hill: a. areas of raised land lower than and not as steep as mountains. b. transportation and travel easier c. In ancient times used for its defensive capability 37http://www.danheller.com/images/Europe/Croatia/Motovun/Town/motovun-on-hill-pano.jpg
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. 4. Hill: a. areas of raised land lower than and not as steep as mountains. b. transportation and travel easier c. In ancient times used for its defensive capability d. The city of Rome was built on seven hills 39http://www.mariamilani.com/rome_maps/rome_hills_map_lrg.jpg
  40. 40. 5. Plateau: a. Large areas of high, flat land b. Elevation- a few hundred to several thousand feet high c. Tibetan Plateau - China 40 http://www.asiapacificmemo.ca/wp- content/uploads/2011/10/TibetanPlateauPicture2.png
  41. 41. 5. Plateau: a. Large areas of high, flat land b. Elevation- a few hundred to several thousand feet high c. Tibetan Plateau - China CHINA INDIA 41 Texas Texas Texas Texas
  42. 42. 5. Plateau: a. Large areas of high, flat land b. Elevation- a few hundred to several thousand feet high c. Tibetan Plateau - China CHINA 42 http://images.spaceref.com/news/2012/oo7260588922.jpg
  43. 43. 5. Plateau: c. Tibetan Plateau – China d. Deccan Plateau - India 43 http://www.featurepics.com/FI/Thumb300/20080321/Shaded-Relief-Map-India- 659813.jpg
  44. 44. 6. Steppe: a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain 44 http://astanatopia.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/astana-steppe-7748.jpg http://www.exploringnature.org/graphics/biomes/map_grasslands_steppes.jpg
  45. 45. 6. Steppe: a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain b.most of the world’s food is grown here 45 http://astanatopia.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/astana-steppe-7748.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_EZMGVwURo3M/Sp_YMfEoQ-I/AAAAAAAABrg/GNwUGywNJ9o/s400/Steppe-753498.jpg
  46. 46. 6. Steppe: a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain b.most of the world’s food is grown here c. transportation easy 46 http://astanatopia.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/astana-steppe-7748.jpg
  47. 47. 6. Steppe: a. sparse, dry grassland; vast treeless plain b.most of the world’s food is grown here c. transportation easy 47 http://astanatopia.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/astana-steppe-7748.jpghttp://www.turkey-visit.com/map/continents/Asia/asia_satellite_image.jpg
  48. 48. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. a. The first major civilizations began in river valleys. 48 http://www.tcmyellowpage.com/Natural_Therapies/UploadPic/2012-7/2012728171045996.jpg
  49. 49. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation http://pro.corbis.com/images/42- 18580545.jpg?size=572&uid={E9581110-3A1F-43E9-AD4E- 66A5978E61DD} http://tbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:Ohd43ueoXd75vM:http://www.mead.k12.wa.us/SHILOH/G riffith/MrGsWebPage2/Ancient%20Egypt/ancient_egypt_images/nile_irrigation.jpg 49
  50. 50. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation c. source of food http://tgcministry.org/images/White-Tailed%20Deer%20Drinking.jpg http://www.funnyphotos.net.au/userimages/alaskan-crab-fishing-2.jpg 50
  51. 51. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation d. large cities grow c. source of food 51
  52. 52. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation d. large cities grow c. source of food e. Important for transportation http://www.celticholidays.ltd.uk/egyptpics/Nile%20River%202.jpg 52
  53. 53. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation d. large cities grow c. source of food e. important for transportation f. Important for trade http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch1en/conc1en/img/silkroad.gif 53
  54. 54. 7. Oceans, rivers, and lakes effect culture. b. freshwater for drinking and irrigation d. large cities grow c. source of food e. important transportation route f. important trade routes g. today: hydroelectricity 54
  55. 55. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature 55
  56. 56. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature 56 and precipitation.
  57. 57. a. Climate can affect culture. 1) Climate affects the agriculture of a society. a) Climate determines what crops will grow. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 57http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Women-in-Agriculture-Pic1.jpg
  58. 58. Sugar cane Pineapples 58
  59. 59. Coffee  Tea 59
  60. 60. a. Climate can affect culture. 1) Climate affects the agriculture of a society. a) Climate determines what crops will grow. b) Climate determines when crops will grow. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 60 Seasons of the Indus River
  61. 61. a. Climate can affect culture. 1) Climate affects the agriculture of a society. a) Climate determines what crops will grow. b) Climate determines when crops will grow. c) Example: monsoons or seasonal winds of India and China. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 61
  62. 62. 62 http://nimg.sulekha.com/others/original700/india-monsoons-2009-7-15-9-41-50.jpg
  63. 63. 63 http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01431/field_1431962c.jpg http://nimg.sulekha.com/others/original700/india-monsoons-2009-7-15-9-41-50.jpg
  64. 64. a. Climate can affect culture. 3) It determines how people dress 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 64
  65. 65. a. Climate can affect culture. 4) It determines what recreational activities people choose. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 65
  66. 66. a. Climate can affect culture. 4) It determines what recreational activities people choose. 8. Climate is measurement of the temperature & precipitation. 66
  67. 67. 9. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. a. fertile soil http://www.oursoil.org/fossaalterna.php http://fotobank.ru/image/JW01-3958.html67
  68. 68. 9. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. b. clean water http://feelgoodstyle.com/files/2008/04/cleanwaterislife.jpg http://www.adem.state.al.us/OtherInfo/30YrsCW/Hold%20the%20Date.htm 68
  69. 69. 8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. c. trees http://www.instablogsimages.com/images/2008/02/04/rain-forests-disappearing-fast_5965.jpg http://nature.berkeley.edu/~hwood/New%20Zealand%202008.html http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/emissions/ 69
  70. 70. 8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. d. Minerals http://www.allposters.co.uk/-sp/Minerals-Posters_i2115113_.htm http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v41 8/n6894/images/418129b-i1.0.jpg http://www.treknature.com/gallery/photo36761.htm http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2024/2189556431_47c418c3 1b.jpg?v=0 70
  71. 71. 8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. e. energy sources http://www.suntricity4life.com/sites/mnedd/_files/Image/energy.jpg http://sunenergyfacts.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/sun_energy_fossil_fuels.jpg 71
  72. 72. 8. Natural Resources–anything from the natural environment people use to meet their needs. f. human skills & labor http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3019/2434155204_d562196851.jpg?v=0 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3382/3527925637_7bec412742.jpg http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3080/2805616353_02cdf9764f.jpg?v=0 72
  73. 73. http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Egypt_Sphinx_Giza_Pyramid.jpg http://english.people.com.cn/200506/23/images/hani.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0b/Sp ace_Shuttle_Columbia_launching_cropped_2.jpg.jpg 73
  74. 74. 1) Forests 2) plant & animal life 3) grasslands 4) rich soil 9. Two kinds of natural resources a. Renewable Resources – can be replaced as they are used up; replaced naturally or grown fairly quickly http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/florida_fo restry_information/images/LiveOakWorksh op075.JPG http://www.organicgardeninfo.com/soil.html http://www.kidsgeo.com/images/grassland-biome.jpg http://www.oursoil.org/fossaalterna.php 74
  75. 75. b. Nonrenewable Resources-- cannot be replaced; formed over millions of years by geological forces 1) fossil fuels – coals, oil, natural gas 9. Two kinds of natural resources http://www.learner.org/courses/envsci/visual/img_med/coal_formation.jpg 75
  76. 76. b. Nonrenewable Resources-- cannot be replaced; formed over millions of years by geological forces 2) metals and minerals – iron, aluminum, phosphates 9. Two kinds of natural resources http://science.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Science/Images/Content/mineral-mining- 42-15731797-sw.jpghttp://www.amgueddfacymru.ac.uk/media/2/2/1/1/thumb_500/Parys_Mtn.jpg 76
  77. 77. 10. The Five Themes of Geography --- Listen to the video and see if you can find them. ** Clue = mr help 77
  78. 78. 78
  79. 79. 10. The Five Themes of Geography a. m b. r c. he d. l e. p 79 movement region he–human environment interaction location place
  80. 80. 10. The Five Themes of Geography a. movement – all things move 1) People move for different purposes such as jobs, travel or goof living environment 2) Sometimes people involuntarily such as slaves or people under political persecution 3) Goods are moving in a global economy 4) Ideas are moving 80
  81. 81. 10. The Five Themes of Geography b. region – large areas that share unique features in one way or another 1) Political regions such as countries, the Middle East, Southeast Asia 2) Economic regions such as Silicon Valley or the Mississippi River Delta 3) Cultural Regions such as the Bible Belt or the Blue Grass Region 81
  82. 82. 10. The Five Themes of Geography c. human environment interaction -- what humans have done or is done to humans by Mother Nature 1) Humans rely on nature a) Water to drink, fields to grow our crops, rivers for transportation and fishing 82
  83. 83. 10. The Five Themes of Geography c. human environment interaction -- what humans have done or is done to humans by Mother Nature 2) Humans modify the natural environment to meet our needs a) Tunnels in mountains for highways b) Dams for irrigation or power c) Levees to help keep floods away from our living community 83
  84. 84. 10. The Five Themes of Geography c. human environment interaction-- what humans have done or is done to humans by Mother Nature 3) Mother Nature can sometimes cause damage to our lives or our work a) Floods b) Forest fires c) Hurricanes d) Tornados 84
  85. 85. 10. The Five Themes of Geography d. Location – where people or things are 1) Absolute location which is described by latitude and longitude or a specific address (100 Longwood Drive, Middle Island, NY 11953) 2) Relative location which is how we usually describe where we are such as the junior high is after the high school 85
  86. 86. 10. The Five Themes of Geography e. Place – described by physical and cultural characteristics 1) Physical characteristics are natural features like the Sahara Desert or the Himalayas 2) Cultural characteristics can be people, industry, trade, transportation, parks, food and other cultural resources such as restaurants, theatres, museums, or historic sites –the Pyramid at Giza, the Great Wall of China 86
  87. 87. Works cited Bilham, Roger . "Birth of the Himalaya." Earth, Wind, and Ice. Nova Online Adventure. 17 Aug 2007 <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/earth/shock.html >. "Energy and the environment ." GCSE Bitesize: Geography. bbc.co.uk. 17 Aug 2007 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/energy/energytypesrev2.shtml>. "How Oil was formed." Kid’s Energy Page. EIA. 17 Aug 2007 <http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/non-renewable/oil.html >. Nyberg , Hans . "Mount Everest -- 360 degree panorama." Panoramas dk. 17 Aug 2007 <http://www.panoramas.dk/fullscreen2/full22.html>. "Pangaea Supercontinent." geology.com . 2008/2009. Geology.com. 14 Jun 2009 <http://geology.com/articles/supercontinent.shtml>. Perman, Stacy. "World Class Sports Stadiums." Busniness Week 02 Feb 2006 6. Web.14 Jun 2009. <http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/02/sports_stadiums/source/6.htm>. 87
  88. 88. Works cited continued Map Europe: http://geology.com/world/europe.jpg Map Medieval Trade Routes: http://global.brunelli.us/medievaltrade.JPG Spartan ruins: http://cdn1.vtourist.com/15/5080220-Mystra_Sparta.jpg Athens: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1a/Acropolis_Athens_Greece.jpg 88

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