Who Decides? Launch Webinar


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Presentation from the launch of the 21st edition of "Who Decides? The Status of Women's Reproductive Rights in the United States" on January 19, 2012.

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Who Decides? Launch Webinar

  1. 1. Could 2012 Be Worse than 2011? APAn Analysis of Choice-Related Trends and Actions January 19, 2012
  2. 2. 2010 Elections At a Glance 111TH CONGRESS 112TH CONGRESS House of Representatives House of Representatives300 300 247 204200 181 200 154100 48 100 33 0 0 Pro-choice Mixed-choice Anti-choice Pro-choice Mixed-choice Anti-choice Senate Senate50 50 46 41 40 4040 4030 19 3020 20 1410 10 0 0 Pro-choice Mixed-choice Anti-choice Pro-choice Mixed-choice Anti-choice 2
  3. 3. Votes Taken in 2011 vs. Previous Years U.S. House of Year Representatives Votes on Choice-Related Issues 2011 8 2010 1 2009 3 2008 0 2007 2 2006 2 * 225 out of 435 lawmakers in the U.S. House of Representatives voted for every anti-choice measure brought before them. 3
  4. 4. Federal Trends• H.R.3• H.R.358• Pence• Reinstating the DC Ban• Attempts to Eliminate Family-Planning Programs• Race- and Sex-Selection Abortion Ban• Plan B®• Re-funding “Abstinence-Only” Programs• Refusals• Continuing Attempts to Dismantle the Affordable Care Act 4
  5. 5. H.R.3• “No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act”• Passed House: 251-175 (5/4/11)• Pro-choice voters included four pro-life members and 14 Stupak supporters AP Bill Author: Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ)  Imposes tax penalties on millions of American families  Bans insurance coverage of abortion in the new health-care system (Stupak-Pitts amendment)  Permanently codifies all federal abortion bans  Manipulates the tax code and could spur the IRS to audit rape and incest survivors who choose abortion care. 5
  6. 6. H.R.358• “Protect Life Act”• Passed House: 251-172 (10/13/11)• Pro-choice voters included four pro-life members and 14 Stupak supporters TPM Bill Author: Rep. Joe Pitts (R-PA)  Allows hospitals to refuse to provide emergency abortion care to women who could die without it 6
  7. 7. Pence Amendment• Modeled after H.R.217• “Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act”• Passed House twice: ▪ FY’11 Continuing Resolution, H.R.1: 240- 185 (2/18/11) ▪ FY’11 CR, H.Con.Res.36: 241-185 (4/14/11) Defunds family-planning clinics that also offer abortion services; jeopardizes millions of women’s access to birth control, cancer screenings, and other basic health care AP Rep. Mike Pence (R-IN) 7
  8. 8. Attempts to Eliminate Family-Planning Programs House anti-choice leadership tried twice to de-fund domestic and international family-planning programs:* ▪ Title X ▪ United Nations Population Fund ▪ USAID (proposed $100 million cut)*H.R.1 and H.R.___, FY’12 State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Bill 8
  9. 9. Race- and Sex-Selection Abortion Ban• H.R.3541• “The Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act” Criminalizes doctors who fail to Bill Author: Rep. Trent Franks (R-AZ) determine if race or sex is a factor in a woman’s decision to terminate • Rep. Franks has a five- a pregnancy percent rating from the NAACP on civil rights. Penalties include up to five years • He voted against the equal- imprisonment pay bill and backed efforts to cut funding for prenatal care and contraception. 9
  10. 10. Attempts to Dismantle the Affordable Care Act• House voted twice to dismantle the Affordable Care Act ▪ H.R.2 passed House: 245-189 (1/19/11) ▪ H.Res.9 passed House: 253-175 (1/20/11)• House voted to block funding for the law ▪ Pitts amendment to H.R.1 passed House: 239-183 (2/19/11) 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Anti-Choice Attacks in the StatesSince 1995, stateshave enacted 713anti-choice measures 12
  13. 13. State Governments’ Positions on Choice Governors 2011 2012 Pro-choice 17* 17* Mixed-choice 5 5 Anti-choice 29 29 State Legislatures State Governments 2011 2012 2011 2012Pro-choice 9* 9* Pro-choice 7* 7*Anti-choice 19 23 Anti-choice 15 19 *including the District of Columbia 13
  14. 14. 2010 vs. 2011 80 70 69 60States enacted twice 50as many anti-choicemeasures in 2011 as 40 34they did in 2010. 30 20 10 0 2010 2011 14
  15. 15. Threats to Choice: Three Governors AP Gov. Rick Scott of FL Arizona, Florida, and Kansas enacted the most anti-choice measures in 2011, with five each.APGov. Sam Brownbackof KS AP Gov. Jan Brewer of AZ 15
  16. 16. Pro-Choice Governors Gov. Mark Dayton of MN Gov. Brian Schweitzer of MTVetoed several anti-choice bills that swept through the newly anti-choice legislatures in those states, thuspreventing 2011 from becoming a record-breaking year for the enactment of anti-choice measures. 16
  17. 17. State Trends• Mandatory-Ultrasound Legislation• Bans on Insurance Coverage of Abortion• Nebraska Copycat Bans• Race- and Sex-Selection Abortion Bans• Defunding Family-Planning Providers• “Personhood” Measures 17
  18. 18. Trend:Mandatory-Ultrasound Legislation• Forces women to undergo ultrasounds even if against their will and not medically necessary• Interferes in the doctor-patient relationship• Women should have the option of an ultrasound if they request it or if their doctor recommends it 18
  19. 19. Trend: Abortion-Coverage Bans• Ban abortion coverage in health insurance• Interfere in a woman’s ability to make personal, private decisions with her doctor• Women whose pregnancies experience complications could be forced to pay out of pocket for abortion, even if it’s necessary to protect their health 19
  20. 20. Abortion-Coverage Bans Sixteen states havesome kind of ban oninsurance coverageof abortion. Abortion-coverage bans before health-care reform All abortion-coverage bans 20
  21. 21. Outlook for 2012: Abortion-Coverage Bans 44Anti- or mixed-choice state governments 16Number of these states with abortion-coverage bans 28Number of states that could enact this ban in 2012 21
  22. 22. Trend: Nebraska Copycat BansBan abortion after 20 weeks with noexception for women facing serioushealth complications, fetalanomalies, rape, or incest 22
  23. 23. Nebraska Copycat Bans Six states have Nebraska copycat abortion bans. 23
  24. 24. Trend: Race- and Sex-Selection Abortion BansCriminalize doctors who fail to determineif race or sex is a factor in a woman’sdecision 24
  25. 25. Trend: Defunding Family-Planning Providers•Disqualify abortion providers from state “In all, about $3 million in taxpayerfamily-planning programs money goes to Planned Parenthood of Indiana annually to pay for services such as birth control, cancer•Family-planning services provide screenings and tests for sexuallythousands of women in our state with transmitted diseases.”access to birth control, cancer “That includes federal grant moneyscreenings, and other basic health care. that supports about 12,500 low- income patients at eight Planned• Improving access to birth control is one Parenthood centers in Northwest andof the best ways to help reduce the need Southern Indiana. It also pays for about 9,300 statewide patients onfor abortion. Medicaid to receive services from Planned Parenthood.”*• Anti-choice attacks on family-planningservices are hypocritical and bad forwomen. *http://www.indystar.com/article/20110422/NEWS05/104220339 25
  26. 26. Ballot Measures in 2012• States with qualified ballot measures for 2012: FL, MT• States with potential anti-choice ballot measures: CA, CO, NV, OH, OR 26
  27. 27. Ballot Measures Qualified ballot measure for 2012 Potential for anti-choice ballot measure in 2012 27
  28. 28. Kellie Copeland, Executive Director 28
  29. 29. Changes in Ohio’s Political Composition State Government 2010 2011 Pro-choice Mixed-choice x Anti-choice x State Legislature Senate House 2010 2011 2010 2011Pro-choice Pro-choiceMixed-choice Mixed-choice xAnti-choice x x Anti-choice x
  30. 30. Effects of Ohio’s Electoral Changes Anti-choice measures enacted: • A ban on insurance coverage of abortion in the new health-care exchange and for local- government employees • Abortion bans without adequate exceptions to protect a woman’s health or in cases of rape or incest, including a ban at public hospitals (OSU Medical Center) • Measure making it more difficult for young women in difficult circumstances to access abortion care Gov. Kasich 30
  31. 31. First-in-the Nation “Heartbeat Bill” • Bans abortion before many women even know they are pregnant • Passed Ohio House; pending in the Senate 31
  32. 32. Resources NARAL Pro-Choice America www.ProChoiceAmerica.org NARAL Pro-Choice Ohio www.ProChoiceOhio.org Media Inquiries: 202-973-3032 orMedia@ProChoiceAmerica.org 32