Jawahar

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Jawahar

  1. 1. “IF THE VILLAGE PERISHES, INDIA PERISHES TOO.”
  2. 2. D EVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS ISALL ABOUT TRANSFORMING THEIRLIVES ANDNOT JUST TRANSFORMINGECONOMIES
  3. 3. JAWHAR
  4. 4. JAWHAR• State : Maharashtra• District : Thane• Elevation : 447m (1,467ft)• Population : 11,296 (as per 2001 census)• Language : Marathi• Literacy rate : 72%• Community : Warli community• Main Occupation : farming for 4 months• Other occupation : labor work for other 8 months• Main crop : rice, cashew nut, mango• Specialty : tourism , hill station ( mini Mahabaleshwar of thane district) WARLI PAINTING• Other than this Dashera is the festival worth attending, as it iscelebrated with great enthusiasm..
  5. 5.  Jawahar is a hill station inThane district of Maharashtra,gifted with exotic valleys, thickforests and pleasant climate.Jawahar offers beautifulexperience comparing to otherhill stations in Maharashtra.Tourists can explore the placeby visiting Jai villas, the palace ofthe tribal lords that offers aunique opportunities to exposeand enlighten with the tribal wayof life.
  6. 6. SOME OF THE TOURIST SPOTS OF JAWAHAR…
  7. 7. Jai villas
  8. 8. Sunset point
  9. 9. Hanuman point
  10. 10. Dhabosa Waterfall
  11. 11. Tribal Communities:• Tribal communities in Maharashtra account for 73 lakh populationcomprising 47 tribes confined in 75 talukas of 15 districts.•Out of this population, Thane district has 951000 tribal population.Jawhar taluka comprise 100% tribal population of 131346.Anthropological evidences suggest that many of these tribes are ofDravidian ancestry. Brief description of native tribal communities inJawhar is as under.
  12. 12. Qualitative Classification1. Mahadev Koli: Account for 2.3% tribal population. This is the most progressive tribe in the region and characterizedby lesser addiction, maximum literacy, maximum % of land ownershipand better financial resources. Construction of Morpakhi house is sharply district than other tribes’houses.
  13. 13. 2. Konkana: About 50% individuals hold ownershipland, literacy lesser than Mahadeo Kolis. Community comprises 25-30% total population inthe region. House is mostly Chowpakhi.
  14. 14. 3. Warli: This community is famous due to uniquepaintings. Literacy % is about 50, 40% of the populationmembers hold land ownership and account for about 20% totalpopulation. This tribe can be distinguished from Konkanadue to their style of wearing knee length clothes. Their house is either Chowpakhi or Dupakhi.
  15. 15. 4. Thakar: Cover about 50% of total tribal population in Jawhar Literacy % and land ownership % is about 25 and 40respectively. This tribe has two sub-tribes viz. K & M due to difference in intra-tribe speech accent. This tribe has more domestic cattle than their counterparts. 5.Dhorkoli and Katkari: These primitive tribes account for about 46%, maximum individuals illiterate and landless of pastoral origin. These tribes are considered too backward since they do not have own source of permanent income, living in hutments, consuming rats, dead cattle etc. in routine diet
  16. 16. Agro-climatic condition Sl.No. Agro-Climatic Component Description---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Average Rainfall and number of Rainy Days 2263 mm and 110-120respectively2. Potential Cropping Period. 150-180 days.3. Kharif Temperatur e (Min and Max) 22.7 C & 32.8 C respectively.4. Rabi Temperature (Min and Max) 4.7 C & 33.0 C respectively.5. Summer Temperature (Min and Max) 23.9 C & 35.0 C respectively.6. Humidity % (Kharif, Rabi & Summer) 82.75, 61.75 & 42.25respectively.7. Soil type with depth and slope. Stony (3”, 5%), Sandy Loam(6”-8”, 5-10%), Clay Loam (12”-18”, 0-1%)8. Electrical Conductivity of soil. 0.00365 mm hos, Acidic.9. P2O5/100 gm. soil 6.7, Medium High.10. K2O/100 gm. Soil 23.30 Medium High. 23.30 medium high11. Soil Erodibility. e & e due tohigh average and high rainfall.
  17. 17. Description of Agro -eco System in Jawhar Taluka Sl.No. LandStretch Kharif Rabi ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Upland NIL Natural Grasses e.g. Ain, Teak, Sadada and Khair2. Slopy Land Nagali, Varai, Cowpea ,Blackgram NIL Khurasani, Jowr, Ambadi as mixed cropping Paddy & Very little3.low land NIL Moranthus Soil is reddish in colour, light, with very poor water retention capacity. Lands are mostlysloping
  18. 18. •About 95% production is Jawhar block is agro based.•However, crops are not sufficient to garner any notable monetary gains.•The cultivation is undertaken with limited objectives of satisfyingfamily needs of food.•It is undertaken with wholly traditional means using wooden plough,Aathwal, Kudal etc.
  19. 19. LOCAL MATERIALSWhen we talk about the locally available materialswe find· Bricks· Mud· Straws· Bamboo sticksThey have a common style of housing seen throughout Jawhar.Their house is made of bricks with mud thatched on it.They even have straws with mud or cow dung thatched over itwith a very common sloping Mangalore tiled roof.
  20. 20. POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS OF JAWHAR...SR. NO Population characteristics Jawhar block1 Total population 131346, All rural2 M:F 1000:10073 % Population of children up 20.89 to 6 years4 % SC Population 0.365 %ST Population 93.526 % Male Literacy 27.727 % Female Literacy 11.248 Number of Households 250499 Average family size 4.710 %Households with Female 3.3 Head of Family11 Avg % BPL Families 78.312 Average age of Bride & 12 & 15 yrs Groom respectively13 Age at First Delivery 13-14 yrs
  21. 21. ANALYSIS:•Population in Jawhar comprise mostly ST people depending on agriculture asprimary source of income either through own cultivation or farm laborers•Most individuals are BPL and illiterate.•Females outnumber Males although their literacy is lesser than males.

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