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Types of glasswares

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  • 1. 1 GLASSWARE Definition of glassware Glassware is the restaurant and foodservice term for individual beverage containers. Glass is such a popular material for making drinking vessels, yet the term glass is often used to refer to most of the drink containers in an operation. However, the term “glassware” is best applied only to reusable glasses. Glassware is a key element for creating the complete tableware. Its utility is both functional and decorative and there is no table arrangement without some kind of glassware. Different glassware is created with different glass types. They vary according to budget and purpose. Glassware is available in a great variety of sizes, shapes, colors and decorations. Clear or colored, plain or decorated, formal or informal, small or big, the main purpose remains the same – holding liquid for drinking. Regardless of the materials from which they are made, or the styles and shapes used in an operation, glassware must be handled carefully because it is breakable. The glasses should be free from chips and cracks. They must also be clean and spot-free. History and origin of Glass Natural glass has existed since the beginnings of time, formed when certain types of rocks melt as a result of high-temperature phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, lightning strikes or the impact of meteorites, and then cool and solidify rapidly. The earliest clear glass object dates from 800 BC, it is from Nineveh in Assyria and can be seen in the British Museum. Pliny, the Roman historian, wrote about Phoenician merchants who accidentally discovered glass in Syria about 3000 B.C. (Bronze age)when they placed cooking
  • 2. 2 pots on blocks of nitrate. The high temperatures of the fire's heat melted the nitrate, which mixed with sand, formed an opaque liquid and cooled as glass. However, anthropologists believe that glass beads from Egypt and Mesopotamia in 3500 B.C. were the first actual handmade glassware. The oldest glass vases thus far found were produced in 16th century B.C. in Mesopotamia, China and Egypt. Raw material was melted in small furnaces, barely achieving the necessary temperature to create glass. Since the means and technology were extremely limited, glass in any form was a rare and precious commodity. Hence glass was at first used for making ornaments and antique decorative items. Glass manufacturing became more efficient with the use of soda lime, and developed to a higher level in Venice, Italy. During the period of Rennaisance, in 1607, the settlers of the Jamestown colony brought glassblowing with them to America. Glass was used mostly for just bottles and windows in America. Until the industrial revolution, glass was very expensive and its use was therefore limited. Its production required a great deal of energy, and glass factories were often located near forests for the plentiful supply of wood needed to fuel the furnaces .It was not until the latter stages of the Industrial Revolution, however, that mechanical technology for mass production and in-depth scientific research into the relationship between the composition of glass and its physical qualities began to appear in the industry. Due to involvement of cheap primary materials like sand, lime etc, and development of technology, the production of glass increased many folds and it became available to the ordinary people. Only in the last 200 years has glass become the ubiquitous material that we are all familiar with. Present day glass making Glass is an inorganic solid material that is usually clear or translucent with different colors. It is hard, brittle, and stands up to the effects of wind, rain or sun. The glass
  • 3. 3 is usually transparent or translucent material that has no crystalline structure yet behaves like a solid. It is actually a super cooled liquid. Common glass is generally composed of a silicate (such as silicon oxide, or quartz) combined with an alkali and sometimes other substances. It is not very common due to its high glass transition temperature of over 2300 °C. Normally, other substances are added to simplify processing. One is sodium carbonate, which lowers the glass transition to about 1500 °C. However, the soda makes the glass water soluble, which is usually undesirable, so lime, some magnesium oxide and aluminum oxide are added to provide for a better chemical durability. The resulting glass contains about 70 to 74% silica by weight and is called a soda-lime glass. Soda-lime glasses account for about 90% of manufactured glass. In industries Glass production involves two main methods – the float glass process, which produces sheet glass, and glassblowing which produces bottles and other containers. Modern glass container factories are three-part operations: the batch house, the hot end, and the cold end. The batch house handles the raw materials; the hot end handles the manufacture proper — the furnaces, annealing ovens, and forming machines; and the cold end handles the product-inspection and -packaging equipment. Why glass is so commonly used nowadays? 1. Before glass, people used clay to create ceramic objects in the shape of mugs and cups. These objects had the same purpose of glassware but they were very heavy, less elegant and at the time very cheap to make. Today, glass is a lot cheaper to make and it’s a lot easier to find compared to ceramic objects.
  • 4. 4 2. Glass has another important quality: its great clarity and versatility. Glass can be molded into any shape and size unlike ceramics which needs a certain thickness and shape. 3. Glassware is easy to imprint, making it one of the top choices for low level marketing purposes. Every printing technology works on glass, fitting every budget. 4. Glass is one of the most sterile materials because it doesn’t react with most acids and substances. Its chemical resistance is the reason why is widely used in homes and hospitals. Glassware industry is always evolving, making better products on a lower cost. Every home around the world uses glassware and people will use these products for many years to come. The importance of glass drinkware From the ancient times glassware has always been a hallmark of high class. Glassware has evolved according to cultural changes, technological development and more importantly, the type of liquid that it was supposed to hold. Although it is not necessary, every glassware piece has its specific usage. Some liquids are meant to be sipped from a specific type of glass. Few examples are:  Really strong liquor requires a thick, not very tall, blank glass, while water generally requires a big glass.  Beer mugs and water glasses are used daily so they are built to last, while champagne and wine glasses are built from a more expensive type of glass, usually crystal and they are used rarely so their quality is a bit higher although they are more fragile.  Juice glasses on the other hand, are smaller than water glasses and they come in a greater variety of colors and decorations.
  • 5. 5 TYPES OF GLASSWARES 1. Barware Common barware includes shot glasses, beer mugs, rocks glasses, beer goblets, snifters, champagne flutes, Plisner glasses and pint and martini glasses. While some, such as beer mugs, tumblers and rocks glasses, are on the generic side, other glasses including champagne flutes, martini glasses and Plisner glasses are exclusive to champagne, martini and beer, respectively. (Courtesy: Google Images)
  • 6. 6 FUNCTION The function of these different types of bar glasses is to contain a beverage. There are also traditions associated with the types of glasses with regard to where the glassware originated and what type of drinks are to be served in these glasses. They also serve an aesthetic purpose. TYPES There are plenty of different types of glasses used for alcoholic beverages. There are:  wine glasses  pint glasses  champagne flutes  martini glasses  shot glasses  pilsner glasses  tumblers  Collins glasses  highball glasses and more. Each different type of glass serves a different function with regards the drink it contains. IDENTIFICATION Because there are so many different types of bar glasses, they are further broken down into different categories:  Beer glassware is one category of bar glasses. Contained in this category are pint glasses, pilsner glasses, yard glasses and even beer steins.
  • 7. 7  There is also the category of general stemware which includes wine glasses, champagne flutes, brandy snifters and champagne coupes. SIZE  The smallest of all of the bar glasses are the shot glasses. The amount of alcohol contained in these glasses are usually somewhere between 1.25 and 1.5 fluid ounces, but there is no official amount associated with "shots" of liquor. These glasses are used for measurement in cocktails or shooting liquor.  Traditionally, beer steins are considerably larger than most other types of bar glasses. The mug is German in origin, but countries around the world utilize the container.  The wine glasses and the and the Champagne flutes appear to be very similar. The main difference between a wine glass and a champagne flute is the size. Champagne flutes are traditionally thinner than wine glasses. 2. Crystal Glassware (courtesy: google images)
  • 8. 8 Crystal glasses are used for a variety of beverages, from wine to port to water. There are several different types of crystal glasses, including lead crystal, non-lead crystal, blown crystal and cut crystal. Crystal glasses are delicate and must be handled with care. There are health concerns regarding crystal because of its lead content, so certain precautions should be taken with it. COMPOSITION Crystal glasses are available in both lead and lead-free varieties. Both types are made with sand (silica), soda ash (sodium carbonate) and limestone (calcium carbonate). The replacement of limestone with lead is what creates lead crystal. Non-lead crystal is created by the replacement of limestone with barium oxide. Both barium oxide and lead give extra brilliance and clarity to crystal and differentiate it from plain glass. Lead crystal is considered the only type of true crystal, and non-lead crystal is merely considered a very brilliant form of glass. CONSIDERATIONS Crystal glasses are sensitive to changes in temperature and can easily shatter when their temperature changes too quickly. Always hand wash crystal glasses, and make sure the dishwater does not vary too much from the air temperature. Never pour an ice cold or steaming hot liquid into a crystal glass, as that can cause shattering as well. Crystal is also softer than glass and can scratch easily, so always use a soft cloth to wipe crystal glassware. THEDIFFERENCEINCRYSTALANDGLASS  Composition: Glass is composed primarily of sand, soda ash and limestone. To create crystal, makers replace limestone with lead oxide.
  • 9. 9  Percentages: The percentage of lead determines what glass can be labeled as crystal. Standards differ from country to country. The United States requires 1 percesnt lead before glass can be designated as crystal. European countries require between 10 and 30 percent. In other countries, standards range from 3 to 15 percent.  Characteristics: Lead gives glass brilliance and clarity; unleaded glass can have a greenish or gray look even if it's clear. Lead makes crystal sparkle more than regular glass because of better refraction, or bending of light rays. Leaded glass is softer, so it can be cut decoratively; unleaded glass cannot. When flicked with a fingernail, crystal "pings," whereas regular glass gives a dull, thudding sound. EXCEPTION: Lead-free crystal is increasingly popular. Manufacturers replace the lead with barium oxide. Because of its high refractive index, the brilliance of lead-free crystal compares favorably to lead crystal. However, lead-free crystal is often termed "crystal glass" to clarify the difference. TYPESOFCRYSTALGLASSES Crystal glasses bring elegance to any table and they are normally reserved for formal dining. Some commonly used crystal glasses are:  Champagne Flutes  Wine Glasses  Port Wine Glasses  Liqueur Glasses  Sherry Glasses  Highball Glasses  Brandy Snifter etc.
  • 10. 10 3. Stemware Stemware has a bowl that rests on a stem, anchored by a foot. The purpose of this design is to serve cool beverages, such as water, iced tea, and wine. The stem provides a way to hold cool drinks without warming the contents of the bowl. (The exception is the brandy snifter, which is cradled in the hand to warm the brandy and enhance its flavor.) The bowls of contemporary stemware come in three main shapes: 1. Bucket-Shaped Bowl: The bucket-shaped bowl is similar to a bucket, with a horizontal base and almost vertical sides. 2. Tulip-Shaped Bowl: The tulip-shaped bowl resembles a tulip, with a rounded base and sides that curve inward. (courtesy: google images)
  • 11. 11 3. Flared Bowl: The flared bowl is shaped like a trumpet or a funnel, a long, narrow form made with a pointed or slightly rounded bowl that either flares outward at the top or remains straight. Beverages should be paired with the appropriate bowl size: 1. Large Bowls: Stemware with a large bowl is reserved for nonalcoholic beverages, such as water and iced tea. 2. Medium-Size Bowls: Stemware with a medium-size bowl is made for drinks low in alcohol such as table wine and sparkling wine. 3. Small Bowls: Stemware with a small bowl is used for drinks with a moderate to high alcohol content, such an aperitifs and dessert wine. 4. Tiny Bowls: Stemware with a tiny bowl is made for drinks high in alcohol, specifically cordials and liqueurs. 5. Brandy Snifter: The exception to the aforementioned rules is the brandy snifter, which may have either small or large bowls. The purpose and size of the following six pieces of stemware is presented on the left in the order in which the vessel is used at the table, from preprandial drinks to those served after dinner. TYPESOFSTEMWAREGLASS There are several types and styles of stemware available. Stemware includes any type of glassware with a bowl and stem. Stemware is often designed to allow you hold your glass without changing the temperature of the drink with the heat from your hand. Each type of stemware is intended to serve a particular drink.
  • 12. 12 1. Red Wine Glasses: Red wine glasses usually feature a large bowl that often tapers slightly inward at the rim. 2. White Wine Glasses: white wine glasses usually feature an elongated bowl. They sometimes have longer stems than red wine glasses. 3. Champagne Flutes: Flutes feature long narrow bowls that are designed to show off the bubbles in the wine. 4. Cordial Glasses: Also called pony glasses, they are used for serving small portions of after-dinner liqueurs or dessert wines. 5. Martini Glasses: also known as cocktail glasses, feature a triangle-shaped bowl and long stem. 6. Margarita Glasses: Margarita glasses are larger and more rounded than martini glasses
  • 13. 13 DIFFERENT TYPES OF GLASSWARES 1. Water Goblet Because water is drunk throughout a meal, the goblet is the largest vessel in a set of stemware and holds approximately 6 ounces when filled three-quarters full. The goblet is always used in formal dining, but at an informal meal it is an optional table appointment 2. Iced-Tea Glass The iced-tea glass is a long, narrow vessel with a short stem, a shape made to accommodate ice cubes. Because water and wine are the only beverages served at a formal table, the iced-tea glass is reserved for informal dining, from elegant to casual. The shape is ideal for cold beverages of any kind. 3. Water Glasses Every place setting needs a water glass. These glasses can be used for any purpose, Generally 10 ounce glasses are suggested for water. Any type of glass can be used for water. 4. Juice Glasses Every place that serves breakfast, brunch or juice at any hour should have a supply of juice glasses. These small glasses are usually about 4 to 6 ounces and are designed to hold small portions of juice. 5. Coffee Glasses Whether it is for holding coffee at breakfast or for holding coffee drinks for after dinner.
  • 14. 14 6. Essential Bar Glassware 6.1 Beer There are a variety of beer glasses and mugs to suit the needs of people. Pint glasses work well for serving almost any kind of beer, while pilsner glasses are specifically designed to serve pilsners and lagers. Beer mugs and steins can also be used with any kind of beer. These mugs are made with thick glass to prevent breakage, and offer a handle for easy lifting of the heavy glass. A glass chiller can be used to frost and chill glasses before serving the beer. TYPES OF BEER GLASSES:  Pint Glasses: Some glasses are specifically designed to hold pints of beer or pilsner and lager beers. Pilsner glasses are flared with the top being wider than the bottom. Pint glasses are large, most tapering down to the bottom.  Beer Mugs and Steins: These heavy thick mugs are designed to hold beer without breakage. They have sturdy handles for easier lifting. Beer steins are a special kind of beer mug that originated in German. A beer stein is much like a beer mug, but includes a thumb rest or a lid. 6.2 Shot, Shooter and Rocks Shot glasses come with a thick and heavy bottom to prevent the glass from breaking when customers slam them on the table or counter. While liquor on
  • 15. 15 the rocks should be served in rocks or Old Fashioned glasses, single shots can be served in a shot glass, shooter or whiskey glass. TYPES OF SHOT AND ROCKS GLASSES:  Shot, Shooter and Whiskey glasses: These glasses can be used to hold single liquors or liquor concoctions. Shooter glasses are usually taller than shot glasses, while whiskey glasses are wide enough to fit ice. The Bottoms of the glasses are extra thick, so that they absorb the shock of being slammed on a surface.  Rocks: Sometimes called a lowball glass, the old-fashioned is a short, squat glass used for serving drinks “on the rocks.” Suitable for many cocktails or straight liquors served on ice. Most hold 6 to 8 ounces. 6.3 Mixed Drinks, Liquor and Cocktails For serving mixed drinks and cocktails, there are a variety of glasses available for your bar. Margarita and martini glasses are essential for any bar that wants to serve these drinks. Liqueurs, sweet cocktails or mixed drinks with a higher percentage of mixture to liquor can be served in a variety of other specialized cocktail or mixed drink glasses. TYPES OF COCKTAIL GLASSES:  Highball: These straight-sided, tall glasses are used for mixed drinks that have a higher percentage of mixer than alcohol, such as gin and tonic, scotch and soda or bourbon and water. They hold between 8 and 12 ounces.
  • 16. 16  Collins: A collins glass is a glass tumbler which typically will contain 10 to 14 fluid ounces It is used to serve mixed drinks, especially Tom Collins cocktails. It is cylindrical in shape and narrower than a highball glass.  Hurricane: These glasses are shaped like the old-fashioned hurricane lamps, and are designed to hold fruity cocktails and other drink concoctions.  Cocktail/Martini glasses: Martini glasses, also known as cocktail glasses, feature a triangle-shaped bowl and long stem. Serve a variety of "straight up" (chilled, but served without ice) drinks in martini glasses. Drinks traditionally served in martini glasses include martinis, Manhattans, cosmopolitans and gimlets.  Cosmopolitan: Ideal for holding cosmos or other mixed drinks, cosmopolitan glasses resemble a stemless cocktail glass.  Margarita: Margarita glasses are usually large with a bowl shape, and sometimes have a smaller bowl below the large bowl for a decorative touch. Margarita glasses are larger and more rounded than martini glasses. The glass is wide so that the rim can be coated in salt or sugar to accent the drink.  Brandy Snifters: They are shaped somewhat like a fishbowl with a stem, a snifter is traditionally used to serve brandy or whiskey. The stem is short so the glass can be held easily in the palm, keeping the drink warm. They are of two types: Small and large. The small brandy snifter, approximately 4 ½ inches in height, is the size recommended by experts. The large brandy snifter is about 12 inches high, features a
  • 17. 17 wide mouth that rapidly dissipates the bouquet. Snifters hold 8 to 12 ounces.  Coffee: These glass mugs can be used to hold any type of warm or iced beverage, such as coffee, tea or cider. In a bar setting, they are often used to serve Irish coffee, because the glass mug keeps the beverage warm while adding a decorative touch to the drink.  Cordial: Cordial glasses, also known as liqueur glasses, are the smallest glasses in a set of stemware. Although some cordials are larger than others, the larger size holds approximately 2 ounces of liqueur, and the smaller size, called a pony, serves about 1 ounce. 6.4 Wine The wine glass is made in assorted shapes to balance the flavor and bouquet and promote the best characteristics of specific wines. Some bowls are wide and round, others are deep and narrow, and the rims curve inward or outward to varying degrees. The shape of the rim affects the taste of the wine.  Inward-Curved Rim: A glass with an inward-curved rim, such as a tulip-or balloon-shaped wine glass, directs the flow of wine to the center of the tongue for the best balance of fruit and acid.  Outward-Flared Rim: An outward-flared rim, such as the trumpet wine glass, directs wine to the tip of the tongue where the taste of sweet wine is savored; this shape releases the bouquet of aromatic wines, such as aperitifs, dessert wine, liqueurs, and cordials.
  • 18. 18  Straight Rim: The Copita, a vessel with a straight rim, is used to sip sherry. TYPES OF WINE GLASSES: I. All-Purpose In addition to beer, wine and liquor glasses, every bar should have a stock of multipurpose glassware to serve customers who may want to drink non-alcoholic beverages. Beverage glasses can be used for soda, water, tea or any other kind of drink, while glass goblets are ideal for serving any beverage, but can also be used for wine in case the wine glasses run low. Types of all-purpose glasses:  Beverage Glasses: These all-purpose glasses can be used to hold any beverage. They come in various sizes, shapes and capacities to fit dining room needs.  Glass Goblets: Goblets have a shorter stem than wine glasses, but can still be used to hold wine or sherry. They can also be used to hold water or other beverages. II. Red Wine Glasses To release its aroma, red wine is served in a glass with a slightly larger bowl and a little taller overall than the white wine glass. Because the red wine glass is known by various names, making the right choice can be daunting.
  • 19. 19 Types of red wine glasses:  Claret Glass: The claret glass is used for the purplishred wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. Claret is a dry wine with a more delicate bouquet than burgundy. For concentration of aroma, the diameter of the bowl is approximately half an inch to one inch smaller than a burgundy glass, and to release the delicate bouquet the sides of the claret glass are a little straighter. However, the difference in size between a claret glass and a burgundy glass is negligible.  Burgundy Glass: The burgundy glass is slightly larger than the claret glass and is named for red and white wine produced in the Burgundy region of France. The wine has a heartier bouquet than claret, one that needs less concentration in the bowl.  Paris Glass: The Paris glass is an all-purpose wine glass used to serve red and white wine. The bowl is neither large nor small, made with an inward-curved rim that concentrates the bouquet.  Magnum Glass: The magnum wine glass is an oversized wine glass with an inward-curved rim. Reserved for an aromatic burgundy with an abundant bouquet, this glass holds 8 to 10 ounces or more when filled half full. III. White Wine Glasses The white wine glass is made with a bowl slightly smaller in diameter and with sides a little straighter than a red wine glass, a shape that concentrates the flavor and releases the delicate bouquet.
  • 20. 20 Approximately 3 ounces of white wine are poured into the glass. However, the difference in size between the white wine glass and red wine glass is so negligible that either wine can be served in the same size glass, but to concentrate the delicate bouquet, approximately an ounce less of white wine is poured than red wine. IV. Champagne Glasses The champagne glass is made in seven shapes. The tulip glass is widest in the middle of the bowl with a rim that curves inward, a form that directs the taste of champagne to the center of the tongue for best balance of fruit and acid, and concentrates the bouquet, a glass preferred by wine connoisseurs. The flute and trumpet glasses feature long, narrow bowls.  Flute Shape: The flute shape accommodates the slow rise of bubbles to the rim, a form that promotes effervescence, and prolongs the cool temperature at which champagne tastes best.  Trumpet Shape: The trumpet shape features sides that flare outward for faster release of the delicate bouquet. V. Sherry Sherry glasses resemble red wine glasses, only they are a bit smaller and are smade to hold fortified wines, like port, or wines with a strong aroma. Sherry has a distinct aroma that gets trapped in these special glasses.
  • 21. 21 GLASSWARE COMPANIES 1. Libbey COMPANY PROFILE: For almost two centuries, Libbey has been known as the leading designer, manufacturer and marketer of high-quality glass tableware, especially in the North American market. With the acquisitions of Royal Leerdam in the Netherlands, Crisal in Portugal, the remaining 51% of Crisa in Mexico, and its building of a new factory in China, Libbey is nowadays the second largest glass tableware producer in the world. VISION: To be the premier provider of tabletop glassware and related products worldwide. MISSION: To create value by delivering quality products, great service and strong financial results. VALUES: The following mentioned six values are foundational for the successful achievement of Vision and Mission of the Libbey Inc. HISTORY Libbey has its roots in East Cambridge, Massachusetts, home of the New England Glass Company which was founded in 1818. William L. Libbey took over the company in 1878 and renamed it the New England Glass Works, Wm. L. Libbey & Sons Props.  customer focus  Performance  Development  Continuous Improvement  Respect  Teamwork
  • 22. 22 In 1888, facing growing competition, Edward Drummond Libbey moved the company to Toledo, Ohio. The Northwest Ohio area offered abundant natural gasresources and access to large deposits of high quality sand. Toledo also had a network of railroad and steamship lines, making it an ideal location for the company. In 1892, the name was changed to The Libbey Glass Company. Following World War II, Libbey discontinued the production of handmade glassware and began to concentrate on the automatic high volume techniques that would help Libbey become America's most recognizable name in glassware. The world's first machine-made stemware was automatically produced on Libbey equipment and a short time later Libbey developed its heat-treated process for glassware used in hotels and restaurants. Libbey became part of Owens-Illinois in 1935 and with O-I's progressive management and commitment to R&D, Libbey thrived. In June of 1993, Libbey strategically positioned itself for the future by becoming a public company (NYSE:LBY). Since then, Libbey has fulfilled its promise to provide the largest selection of tabletop products for foodservice and consumer markets. CORPORATE DEVELOPMENT Libbey purchased Syracuse China in 1995, World Tableware in 1997, Royal Leerdam in 2002, Crisal in 2005, and Crisa in 2006.Libbey's ownership of Crisa is 100 percent. Based in Monterrey, Mexico, the acquisition of Crisa positions Libbey as the world's second largest glassmaker. sWith innovation as its cornerstone, Libbey quality, consistency, and exceptional customer service have become the standard in the industry. Libbey continues to invest in state-of-the-art production equipment and faster and more efficient
  • 23. 23 manufacturing technologies, allowing it to create the most significant introductions in the foodservice and consumer markets. PRODUCTS Libbey products include glassware, dinnerware, flatwares and hollowares (including flower vases). They are well known producers of tumblers, stemware, floral, salt shakers, shot glasses, candleholders. 2. Zenan USA COMPANY PROFILE: Zenan USA is the newest company in the Zenan Group of Companies, operating since 1990. They are one of the top 5 largest glass decorators in North America specializing in the beer, liquor, wine and foodservice industries. The Canadian arm of the company has featured on the Profit Top 100 Fastest Growing Companies for the last four years in a row. Zenan was ranked 261st in the 25th annual PROFIT 500 Fastest-Growing Companies for 2013. SALIENT FEATURES:  Zenan Glass specializes in beer glasses, liquor glasses, wine glasses and glassware accessories for the food and beverage industry. This experience has made Zenan the chosen glassware decorators for some of the largest beer, liquor and wine brands in North America.  Glassware experts and glassware decorators at Zenan. have developed and trademarked Zenan Flavor Discovery. By working with one of Canada’s top beer educators, this unique program educates customers about how to choose beer glasses and how to define and match flavors to the right glass.  Zenan purchases their glassware direct from Arc International and Libbey, O-I as well as from many European manufacturers.
  • 24. 24  With over 40,000 sq. feet in manufacturing they can decorate/manufacture over 300,000 pieces per month.  Zenan is the largest independent decorator in the country who can undertake large volume orders.  They have an in-house R&D department and their in-house laboratory conducts basic physical and chemical tests as specified by the Society of Glassware and Ceramic Decorators (SGCD).  Zenan offers UV Glassware Printing Technology. GREEN EFFORTS: THE ZENAN ORGANIC WAY In 2010, Zenan introduced UV based organic inks and technology as a mainstay of their production. This new UV glassware printing technology was adopted after several months of research and development in their facility. These inks dry instantly, reducing the time to produce a finished piece from a few hours to a few minutes. Organic inks are the only solution to California’s proposition 65 and the recent introduction by Health Canada on the use of lead and cadmium based inks and paints for general consumer use. An added advantage of using organic inks is that the glass is not thermally stressed. In the traditional method, 90% of the glasses were thermally stressed, thereby reducing the durability and longevity of the product. Zenan is the only company in Canada that guarantees toughened glass, whether it is heat treated or it is made out of titanium oxide. Zenan has invested over a million dollars in UV technology. They have also introduced organic decals which is another saving from the previous processes which traditionally emit a lot of toxins during manufacturing. They have reduced their carbon footprint by over 50% from 2008 onwards.
  • 25. 25 3. Ocean Glass COMPANY PROFILE: Ocean Glass is one of Asia's leading glass tableware manufacturers, providing an extensive range of quality glassware and services in all aspects of business, from retail and food service to decorated glassware. Established in 1979, as another industrial diversification of the Ocean Insurance Group, Ocean Glass Public Company Limited has manufactured glassware of international standards since its reception. With great confidence in its products, the company completed its glass manufacturing factory on an 84-acre of land at Bangpoo Industrial Estate. Manufacturing activities started in October 1982. Ocean Glass’ high-quality products have proven to be the most popular amongst both local and international clients, the company was quick to put in place further investment plans. The company was registered on the Stock Exchange of Thailand as a public company. Today, the company provides an extensive range of quality glassware with an annual production capacity of 140 million pieces. VISION: “To be a world class market leader through business innovation, corporate values and operational excellence, while consistently satisfying customers and achieving business growth and profitablility” MISSON: “Provide life’s pleasures with quality glassware” BRANDS PROVIDED BY OCEAN: 1. Ocean Professional Ocean Professional is the brand created exclusively for foodservice operators. It offers portfolio of world-class quality glassware and professional services that provides assistance in selecting glassware for specific drinks, outlets, and
  • 26. 26 occasions, to create uniqueness, style, and value to guests of foodservice establishments of all levels. Ocean Professional offers two glassware concept. Since its inception, the company has combined craftsmanship, manufacturing expertise, design innovation, with in-depth understanding of needs and demands of customers, to deliver the best value in glassware product and service, making ‘Ocean’ one of the most recognized names in quality glassware for customers both in Thailand and worldwide. 2. Lucaris Lucaris celebrates the new Asian dining & wining lifestyle. The first time in Asia that crystal stemware is produced to deliver international quality. Lucaris stemware has been meticulously designed and crafted to the smallest details, to ensure the highest in functionality and aesthetic quality that evoke all senses, meeting the demands of wine lovers and food service professionals. Glassmaking expertise of Toyo-Sasaki Glass of Japan, Ocean Glass of Thailand and the most advanced glass technology from Germany brought together, have resulted in the creation of world class quality crystal glass:  Lead-free crystal glass composition  Clarity and brilliance, with extra strength & durability  Excellent in Design PRODUCTS The extensive range of products includes tumblers, plates, bowls, stemware, glass jars, tea cups, beer mugs, etc., covering practically every item for table use. The brand Lucaris is exclusive producer of Bar Service glassware of world class standard.
  • 27. 27 4. Borosil COMPANY PROFILE: Borosil Glass Works Ltd. (BGWL) is the market leader for laboratory glassware and microwavable kitchenware in India. It was established in 1962 in collaboration with Corning Glass Works USA. In 1988, Corning divested its share-holding to the current Indian promoters. SALIENT FEATURES:  The BOROSIL® brand represents quality, accuracy and dependability, and all leading pharmaceutical companies, R&D labs scientific, health and educational institutions have been loyal customers for the last 50 years. Laboratory ware is also used by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and other nuclear and defence research institutes.  The Consumer Products division of Borosil sells microwavable and flameproof kitchenware and glass tumblers through over 5000 retail outlets.  In the kitchenware segment in India, Borosil is a generic term for microwavable glassware.  Gujarat Borosil Ltd (GBL) is the first and only manufacturer of solar glass in India. It has established a 150 ton per day low iron patterned glass furnace for the manufacture of high transmission glass used in the solar industry. This plant is the first and only of its kind in India, and has been developed specifically for the fast growing solar industry.  Worldwide glassware exports: Borosil exports its glassware products across the globe starting from North America, Europe, Asia, Australia and Middle East. USA, UK are also the importers of Borosil glasses.  Borosil is one of the sponsors of ARTiger, an art-based fund-raising initiative devoted to the conservation of the Bengal Tiger in India.
  • 28. 28 GREEN EFFORTS: “We were green long before it was cool to be.”- tagline of Gujarat Borosil Ltd. As industry leaders, Borosil takes its responsibility towards the environment very seriously, and continuously attempts to integrate eco-friendly solutions as part of the business. The energy conservation efforts of Borosil have been recognized by the Government of India and the company was awarded the National Energy Conservation Award in the year 2006. Following are the measures adopted at Gujarat Borosil to reduce the impact on environment:-  Rain water harvesting is being used in the plant and in the colonies since 2003.  48% of all the electricity consumed in the plant comes from wind energy. All guesthouses and colonies are supplied by water that is heated using Borosolar water heating systems owned by the plant.  Other energy efficient measures include advanced waste heat recovery systems and solar lighting.  All the greenery around the plant ensures that the temperature in its facility is on average 2 degrees lower than the temperature outside.  The plant does not only meet Indian pollution norms, but conform to the stringent European Union’s pollution norms. PRODUCTS Borosil specializes in Laboratory ware, Microwavable cookware and glasses. It also manufactures storageware and vessels.
  • 29. 29 5. Anchor Hocking COMPANY PROFILE: Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation is a manufacturer of glassware that is part of the Ardagh Group. The Hocking Glass Company was founded in 1905 by Isaac Jacob (Ike) Collinsi in Lancaster, Ohio and named for the Hocking River. The word "Glass" was dropped from the company's name in 1969 because the company had evolved into an international company with an infinite product list. Anchor obtained North American distribution rights for Walther Glas serveware/stemware and Stölzle stemware and barware for the Retail and Foodservice markets SALIENT FEATURES:  Anchor Hocking is the second largest supplier of glassware in the United States. Its glassware products cross all price points through the retail, specialty (business-to-business), and hospitality channels.  Anchor Hocking manufactures substantially all of its products at the company’s facilities in the United States and markets its products internationally.  The "Made in the U.S.A." logo is featured on packaging and website to bring awareness to the consumer of the products manufactured in the U.S.  Anchor Hocking foodservice products are made stronger, more durable by special manufacturing processes: Rim-Tempered: heat is concentrated on the rim area, followed by the cooling process, allowing for a stronger more durable product.  Sure Guard™ Guarantee: Anchor Hocking guarantees its entire foodservice line against chipping. If the rim of a tumbler or the foot or rim of a piece of
  • 30. 30 stemware chips in normal use, Anchor Hocking will replace the item or refund the purchase price when returned to the dealer or distributor from whom it was purchased. Products in the foodservice line are defined as all active products in the foodservice price list. However, this guarantee does not cover breakage. GREEN EFFORTS Anchor Hocking has been in the business of manufacturing glassware products for more than 100 years. In these many years it has taken many initiatives to become a more environmentally friendly company. Some of them are:  Anchor’s Glass is 100% recyclable once a product has met its life’s end. This helps reduce trash in landfills, cuts down on pollution and saves raw materials.  Anchor reclaims all of its waste glass known as cullet. It is then reused the in the furnaces to help create new glass. That means using fewer raw materials, saving energy, cutting down landfill waste and less pollution.  Anchor has instituted a Corporate Responsibility for Sustainability program that identifies opportunities for waste reduction including raw materials, energy, and pollutants on an ongoing basis.  Packaging is designed to reduce environmental footprints. Anchor utilizes recycled and recyclable materials as often as possible along with reducing the overall packaging material requirements and size. This reduces the need for new raw materials and enables them to ship more products using less transportation and fuel.
  • 31. 31  Anchor’s glassware does not contain lead or any other materials that are harmful to health. In addition, plastic lids used on Anchor food products are BPA free. PRODUCTS Anchor Hocking is a leading marketer and manufacturer of a comprehensive line of glass products including beverageware, candle containers, servingware, ovenware, storageware, lighting components and other glass products sold under various brand names or as customized solutions for private label lines. Apart from these Anchor Hocking also makes products for home decoration and also manufactures ceramic products.
  • 32. 32 FACTS ABOUT GLASS AND GLASSWARES 1. One of the most valuable glass art objects in the world is the Portland vase , which was probably made in Rome about the beginning of the Christian Era, between AD 5 and AD 25. 2. The first the glass plant built in the United States was at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608. 3. In the 1850s, bottles and flasks were first used mainly for whiskey. 4. Ordinary glass turns brown when exposed to nuclear radiation, so glass companies developed a special non-browning glass for use in observation windows in nuclear power plants. 5. Glass containers can be recycled—that is, broken up and then melted with silica sand, limestone, and soda ash to make glass for new containers. Glass can be recycled easily because it does not deteriorate with use or age. 6. By the end of 2014, glass manufacturers plan to use 50% recycled material in the production of new glass bottles. This step will save enough energy to power 45,000 households for a year, and 181,550 tons of waste from landfills each month. 7. Glass has the quickest turnaround of any curbside product, back on store shelves in as little as 30 days. 8. Glass can be recycled indefinitely and not lose its quality. 9. The glass container industry is worth US$5.5 billion dollars. 10. Recycled glass, also called cullet, requires a lower heating temperature than glass from raw materials, thus requiring 40 percent less energy. 11. Brown glass is used most often for food or drink containers, especially beer, because the amber tint reflects ultraviolet light and protects against spoilage.
  • 33. 33 BIBLIOGRAPHY [1] www.wikipedia.org [2] www.idealhomegarden.com [3] www.libbey.com [4] www.borosil.com [5] www.zenanusa.com [6] www.oceanglass.com [7] www.anchorhocking.com [8] www.epa.gov [9] www.britglass.org.uk [10] www.foodservicewarehouse.com [11] http://www.whiskyglass.com/

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