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Env. mgt. 1   sustainable development-23slides
 

Env. mgt. 1 sustainable development-23slides

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    Env. mgt. 1   sustainable development-23slides Env. mgt. 1 sustainable development-23slides Presentation Transcript

    • Environmental Management Prof. Sandeep Hegde
    • Environmental Management “A Systematic approach to resource utilization, whereby more of renewable energy sources are replenished for optimum utilization over non-renewable resources in a sustainable manner, such that one complies with the laws and legal procedures as laid down by the state, using an extensive Environmental Management System (EMS) to achieve this goal”
    • 3P’s of Environmental Management 1. Prevention 2. Preservation 3. Protection
    • Environmental Degradation • Population Explosion • Poverty • Unplanned urban land use • Technological advancements • Non-Biodegradable wastes • Rapid industrialization • Hazardous wastes / Bio-medical wastes • Use & Throw concept • NIMBY – Not In My Backyard • Green Revolution • Damn the DAMS projects
    • Some solutions to Environmental Degradation • Application of soft technology like biogas, wind energy, solar cooker, CNG driven cars. • Use of bio-degradable materials • Solid waste management programmes • Treatment of water effluents • Afforestation in pollution zones • Use of Green Labels • ISO 14001 certification • Water harvesting • Environmental education in schools and colleges • Environmental movements like Chipko and NBA
    • Sustainable Development “is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” – World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED)
    • Owners Employees Physical environment Board of directors Culture Competitors International dimension Political- legal dimension Technological dimension Sociocultural dimension Economic dimension Regulators Customers Strategic partners Suppliers Internal environment Task environment External environmentMacro environment Environments in which the business operates
    • Employees Society at Large Allies Competitors Regulatory Agencies and Influence Groups: Governments Unions Professional Associations Interest Groups Customers Suppliers of: Capital Raw Materials Human Resources Information Organization
    • Stakeholder theory • The basic premise is that business organisations have responsibility to various groups in society (the internal and external stakeholders) and not just the owners/ shareholders • The responsibility includes a responsibility for the natural environment • Decisions should be taken in the wider interest and not just the narrow shareholder interest
    • What characterizes these stakeholders? • They are vital to the survival and success of the organization. • Their relationship with the organization enables them to be benefited by the organizations’s actions and operations. • This relationship also makes it possible for the organization to harm them or to violate their rights.
    • Stakeholders • Primary stakeholders; – Those most vital to the organisation. – A group without whose continuing participation the company cannot survive as a going concern. e.g. customers, suppliers. • Secondary stakeholders: Those without whose continuing participation the company can still exist. e.g. the community. • Active stakeholders Seek to participate in the organisation’s activities. e.g. managers, employees, pressure groups. • Passive stakeholders Do not normally seek to participate in an organisation’s policy making. e.g. most shareholders, government, local communities.
    • Mendelow’s Matrix for Stakeholder mapping Observers Informing/ empowering Key players Involving Crowd Ignoring Bystanders Encouraging Power to Influence Low High Level of interest High Adapted from Mendelow (1991)
    • Prioritising actions based on impact and influence Low Impact on achieving our vision High Low Our ability to influence High High impact & High influence Clear priorities for action High impact & Low influence Depends on other people – can we engage them? Low impact & Low influence Why would we do this? High influence & Low impact Doing this because “we can”?
    • The Triple Bottom Line • The Triple Bottom Line (TBL) is one way to report on sustainable business activity. • TBL defines sustainability in terms of three separate elements: economic, environmental, and social perspectives of operations.
    • Three Elements of the Triple Bottom Line • Economy – reflects activities related to shaping demand for products and services, employee compensation, community contributions, local procurement policies, and other monetary issues related to company activities. • Society - reflects activities in shaping local, national and international public policy, equality, treatment of minorities, employee issues and public concern. That is, organizational citizenship. • Environment – reflects the impact made through processes, products or services that affect the environment. These may include air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna and human health.
    • Example of Triple Bottom Line Report
    • Example of Triple Bottom Line Report
    • Example of Triple Bottom Line Report
    • Some Indian Companies following Triple Bottom Line • Infosys – Infosys Foundation for funding NGO’s related to Education and Primary Healthcare in Rural India. • TATA Group – TATA Business Excellence Model (TBEM) initiatives across group companies • ITC Group - e-Choupal.com • Hindustan Unilever Ltd – Project Shakti for promoting rural women entrepreneurship