A Guide to What EveryEducator Should Know About opyright Professional Development January 28, 2012 Presented by: Priscilla Velez
The following presentation is for information purposes only andrepresents my research and my limited understanding of copyright laws.
Objectives• What is copyright?• Copyright Law• Copyright-What is NOT Protected?• What is Infringement?• Doctrine of Fair Use• What is Open Content?• Code of Best Practices• Five Principles-Code of Best Practices• Educator’s Rights• Protect your Work• What are we Teaching our Students
What is Copyright?“copyright is a form ofprotection grounded in theU.S. Constitution andgranted by law for originalworks of authorship fixed ina tangible medium ofexpression. Copyright coversboth published andunpublished works” Source: http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html
Copyright Law• Work originally created and published in the United States before 1923• Work originally created in the United States before March, 1, 1989 without copyright notice• Work published in the United States before 1964 without copyright renewal
Copyright-What is NOT Protected?• ideas or concepts (business idea or a concept)• discoveries (research finding that has not been known before)• procedures (steps involved when applying for a travel visa)• methods (unique solution to a mathematical problem)• works or other subject matter that have not been made in a tangible form in a recording or writing a speech or a dance that has not been written or recorded• subject matter which is not of original authorship (works which contain information in the public domain) Source: http://www.ipos.gov.sg/leftNav/cop/About+Copyright.htm
What is Infringement?Infringement occurs when copyrighted work is:• reproduced• distributed• performed• publicly displayed• or made into a derivative work without the permission of the copyright owner Source: http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-definitions.html
Doctrine of Fair Use 107: Fair Use “various purposes for which thereproduction of a particular work may be consideredfair, such as criticism, comment, newsreporting, teaching, scholarship, and research” - -Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976“Copyright protects the particular way authors haveexpressed themselves. It does not extend to anyideas, systems, or factual information conveyed in awork.”
What is Open Content?Open content,” is licensed in a manner thatprovides users with the right to make more kindsof uses than those normally permitted under thelaw- at no cost to the user. –Reuse –Revise –Remix –Redistribute Source: http://opencontent.org/definition/
Code of Best Practices This code of best practices, that consists of 5 principles was created to assist educator’s in K–12 education, higher education, and in classes given by nonprofit organizations and they apply to all forms of media.Source: http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education
Five Principles-Code of Best Practices Educators are able to: 1. Using copyrighted material in media literacy. 2. Employing copyrighted material in preparing curriculum. 3. Sharing media literacy curriculum. Students are able to: 3. Student use of copyrighted materials in their own academic and creative work. 4. Developing audiences for student work.Source: http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education
Educator’s RightsThe Teach Act permits teachers and students ofaccredited, nonprofit educational institutions totransmit performances and displays of copyrightedworks as part of a course if certain conditions are met. Educator’s may use: • print material • images • web sites • moving-image media • sound media
What are we teaching Students about……… • Copyright • Plagiarism • Fair use • Public Domain • Creative Commons We have the opportunity to help teach students their rights and responsibilities when using technology.
Resources• Education WorldDistrict Liability and Teaching Responsibility: Part 5 of a Series on Copyright and Fair Use http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr280e.shtml• Copyright Iconhttp://www.iconarchive.com/show/torrent- icons-by-aha-soft/copyright-icon.html• Copyright Definitions http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-definitions.html• Copyright Basics http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.pdf
Resources Continued• Copyright and Digital Imageshttp://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/stillimages/ad vice/copyright-and-digital-images/• Copyright Crash Course http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/• The code of best Practices in fair use for Media Literacy Educationhttp://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair- use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use- media-literacy-education• Copyright and Fairuse Guidelines for Teachershttp://www.techlearning.com/techlearning/pdf/ events/techforum/tx05/TeacherCopyright_chart.pdf
Reflections, Questions, Concerns, Ideas, Arguments?Thank you all for attending.