Personal time presentation

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Personal Time Powerpoint
By:Priscilla Powers

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  • 1. Who Has More Personal Time, Men or Women? Priscilla Powers Sociology 235: Gender Roles Professor: Erica Dixon
  • 2. Introduction
    • Gender inequality has always caught my attention and quite frankly annoyed me. I chose this subject because I have always noticed that men and women’s home lives are always different and I wanted to find out why. I wanted to see which gender has more personal time and what activities each gender considered to be personal time.
  • 3. Hypothesis
    • I believe that the results of my survey will show that men and women have completely different definitions for what personal time is to them. I think that most men will choose activities that benefit them by being relaxing, or doing something that they enjoy, and that most women will choose things like housework and taking care of the kids. I also believe that men will have more personal time I general than women do.
  • 4. Background Information
    • Personal time is a vital asset to human survival.
    • Personal time is a problematic concept for women because the boundaries between unpaid domestic duties and personal time is unclear.
    • Media plays a huge role in what women and men are supposed to do in their personal time.
    • Even though there are more couples who share household responsibilities a little more equally, there are still not many of those couples in our society.
  • 5.
    • Men and women do not have the same amount of personal time nor do they see eye to eye on what personal time is.
    • History tells us that it is a women’s job to take care of the home while the men work and pay the bills.
    • Men and women have different preferences in how they spend their personal time, where women’s personal time is more family-orientated and homebound and men generally have more independent personal time.
    • Mothers are less capable of distancing themselves from the care taker role, and because of this, they may enjoy personal time less and have less time to spend relaxing and doing things for themselves.
  • 6. Methods and Participants
    • Definition of Personal time is time away from work excluding the time to prep for work, sleep and eat.
    • I conducted the survey on 60 couples that live together.
    • Half of the couples are under 50 and the other half are 50 or over.
    • I made a survey asking the following questions.
  • 7. Survey Questions
    • How old are you?
    • Are you male or female?
    • Are you married?
    • How many hours of personal time do you have each day?
    • What are three things you do in your personal time?
    • Who does most of the house hold chores in the home?
    • Do you work?
    • Do you attend school?
    • Do you have children?
  • 8.
    • I chose these particular questions so that I could see what and if certain elements affect how much personal time each participant has.
    • Also to see who does more of the household duties in the home to see if that affects their personal time.
  • 9. Results: Who Has More Personal Time a Day?
  • 10. Results: Who Considers Household Duties to be Personal Time?
  • 11. Results: Who Does Most of the Housework in your Household?
  • 12.
    • The average number of hours spent on personal time a day per person was about 4.13 hours.
    • For men it was about 4.53 hours a day
    • For women it was about 3.73 hours a day.
    • This shows that men have almost an entire hour a day of personal time more than a woman.
    • Having children did not change either sex’s amount of personal time.
    • 68% of the participants that attended school had 3 or less hours of personal time a day. So school does affect how much personal time one has in a day.
  • 13.
    • The average percentage of participants that thought household duties were considered personal time was 45%
    • The percentage of men was 13%
    • The percentage of women was 77%
    • This shows that most men do not consider household duties to part of their personal time and most women do.
    • Age of women did not change any results, but the survey showed that men over 50 had a small amount more of personal time.
  • 14. Conclusion
    • Men have almost an entire hour a day more than women to spend on personal time however, most men do not consider household duties as personal time like most women do. So if women would take household duties off their personal time activities list, their actual hours of personal time would significantly drop. Thus, men have a considerably higher amount of personal time.
  • 15.
    • Most women do the household duties within the home. It’s funny that men see them as work, and women see them as personal time, but yet men still don’t help the women complete these tasks. More men need to step up and help the women with these responsibilities so that women can have just as much personal time as men do and create gender equality within the home. This would also set a great example for children, so that they can grow up and continue with this way of living.
  • 16. References
    • Mattingly, M., & Bianchi, S. (2003). Gender Differences in the Quantity and Quality of Free Time: The U.S. Experience. Social Forces , 81(3), 999-1030. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    • Voorpostel, M., van der Lippe, T., & Gershuny, J. (2010). Spending Time Together- - Changes Over Four Decades in Leisure Time Spent with a spouse. Journal of Leisure Research, 42(2), 243-265. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    • Kimmel, Michael. 2008. The Gendered society, Fourth Edition . New York, New York. Oxford