Mystery and Diversity : India <ul><li>India is well known for its incredible biological and cultural diversity. </li></ul>...
Religion <ul><li>India is the birth place of Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.   </li></u...
According to  Eugene M. Makar , the traditional Indian culture is defined by relatively strict social hierarchy. He also m...
Society <ul><li>In rural areas it is common that three or four generations of the family live under the same roof.  </li><...
<ul><li>In India, the marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is extremely low —compared to that of say t...
Languages <ul><li>Hindi is the official language of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Different  states of India have different off...
Festivals <ul><li>India celebrates holidays and festivals of various religions.   </li></ul><ul><li>The three national hol...
<ul><li>Several harvest festivals, such as Sankranthi, Pongal and Onam, are also fairly popular. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain...
POPULAR MEDIA (pics)
Television of India <ul><li>Indian television started off in 1959  for educational telecasts  with one national channel  D...
<ul><li>In 1991, the government liberated its markets, opening up to cable television. Since then, there has been a spurt ...
<ul><li>Bollywood is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based film industry in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ind...
Literature <ul><li>Sanskrit literature begins with the Rig Veda a collection of sacred hymns dating to the period 1500–120...
Indian Poetry <ul><li>The Mahābhārata is one of the longest epic poems in the world, with more than 74,000 verses, long pr...
Epics <ul><li>The Ramayana and Mahabharata are the oldest preserved and still well-known epics of India. </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>  To know more about India and its Diversity and how we can help,contact PRININDIA. </li></ul>
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Mystery And Diversity India

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Mystery And Diversity India

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Mystery And Diversity India

  1. 1. Mystery and Diversity : India <ul><li>India is well known for its incredible biological and cultural diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Its natural resources attracted streams of people at different times, from different directions; bringing together a great diversity of human genes and cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>India does not have a uniform national culture. </li></ul><ul><li>India's great diversity of cultural practices, languages, customs, and traditions are examples a unique co-mingling over the past five millenniums. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Indians emphasize the country's cultural diversity, tolerance of difference, and receptiveness to foreign influences. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, democracy and diversity continue to coexist in India despite the odds. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Religion <ul><li>India is the birth place of Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world's third- and fourth-largest religions respectively. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other popular religions include Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Christianity and the Bahai faith. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. According to Eugene M. Makar , the traditional Indian culture is defined by relatively strict social hierarchy. He also mentions that from an early age, children are reminded of their roles and places in society. Several differences such as religion divide culture.
  4. 4. Society <ul><li>In rural areas it is common that three or four generations of the family live under the same roof. </li></ul><ul><li>India for ages has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. It’s a system under which even extended members of a family like one’s parents, children, the children’s spouses and their offspring, etc. live together. The elder-most, usually the male member is the head in the joint Indian family system who makes all important decisions and rules. </li></ul><ul><li>The average nuclear family is relatively small, with only one or two children. Toddlers receive much parental attention. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In India, the marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is extremely low —compared to that of say the United States. However, the divorce rates have risen significantly in recent years. </li></ul><ul><li>Although women and men are equal before the law and the trend toward gender equality has been noticeable, women and men still occupy distinct functions in Indian society especially in rural areas. A woman’s role in the society is often to perform household works and pro bono community work. In most Indian families, women do not own any property in their own names, and do not get a share of parental property. </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged marriages have been a part of the tradition for centuries. Even today, overwhelming majority of Indians have their marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members, with the consent of the bride and groom. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Languages <ul><li>Hindi is the official language of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Different states of India have different official languages, some of them not recognized by the central government. </li></ul><ul><li>Some states have more than one official language. E.g.: Bihar in east India has three official languages - Hindi, Urdu and Bengali, all of which are recognized by the Indian government. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Festivals <ul><li>India celebrates holidays and festivals of various religions. </li></ul><ul><li>The three national holidays in India, the Independence Day, the Republic Day and the Gandhi Jayanti. </li></ul><ul><li>Many states and regions have local festivals. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular religious festivals include the Hindu festivals of Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja, Holi, Rakshabandhan and Dussehra. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Several harvest festivals, such as Sankranthi, Pongal and Onam, are also fairly popular. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain festivals in India are celebrated by multiple religions. Notable examples include Diwali which celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains and Buddh Purnima which is celebrated by Buddhists and Hindus. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dree Festival is one of the tribal festivals of India celebrated by the Apatanis of the Ziro valley of Arunachal Pradesh, which is the easternmost state of this country. </li></ul>
  9. 9. POPULAR MEDIA (pics)
  10. 10. Television of India <ul><li>Indian television started off in 1959 for educational telecasts with one national channel Doordarshan , which is government owned.1982 saw revolution in TV programming as India saw the colour version of TV, that year. The Ramayana and Mahabharata, the great Indian epics were some among the popular television series produced. </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 1980s larger number of people started to own television sets. </li></ul><ul><li>As there was only one channel television programming had reached its saturation. The government then started another channel which had part national and part regional programming. </li></ul><ul><li>This channel was known as DD 2 later DD Metro. Both channels were broadcasted terrestrially. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In 1991, the government liberated its markets, opening up to cable television. Since then, there has been a spurt in the number of channels available. Today, Indian silver screen is a huge industry by itself, and has thousands of programmes in all the states of India. </li></ul><ul><li>The small screen has produced numerous celebrities of their own kind and now Indian TV has many of the same channels outside the country, including stations such as Cartoon Network, Nickelodeon, and MTV India. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1991, the government liberated its markets, opening up to cable television. Since then, there has been a spurt in the number of channels available. Today, Indian silver screen is a huge industry by itself, and has thousands of programmes in all the states of India. </li></ul><ul><li>The small screen has produced numerous celebrities of their own kind and now Indian TV has many of the same channels outside the country, including stations such as Cartoon Network, Nickelodeon, and MTV India. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Bollywood is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based film industry in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian film industry’s output is considered to be the largest in the world in terms of number of films produced and number of tickets sold. </li></ul><ul><li>India has produced many critically acclaimed cinema-makers like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Guru Dutt, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>With exposure to world cinema, audience tastes have been changing. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplexes have mushroomed in most cities, changing the revenue patterns. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Literature <ul><li>Sanskrit literature begins with the Rig Veda a collection of sacred hymns dating to the period 1500–1200 BC. The Sanskrit epics Ramayana and Mahabharata appeared towards the end of the first millennium BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Sanskrit literature flourished in the first few centuries of the first millennium BC, as did the Tamil Sangam literature. Some of the most important authors from India are Rabindranath Tagore, Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar', Subramania Barathi, Kuvempu, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>In contemporary Indian literature, there are two major literary awards; these are the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship and the Jnanpith Award. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Indian Poetry <ul><li>The Mahābhārata is one of the longest epic poems in the world, with more than 74,000 verses, long prose passages, and about 1.8 million words in total. </li></ul><ul><li>India has strong traditions of poetry ever since the Rigveda, as well as prose compositions. </li></ul><ul><li>In modern times, poetry has served as an important non-violent tool of nationalism during the Indian freedom movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Two examples of poetry from Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali serve as the National Anthems of both India and Bangladesh. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Epics <ul><li>The Ramayana and Mahabharata are the oldest preserved and still well-known epics of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Their versions have been adopted as the epics of Southeast Asian countries like Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. </li></ul><ul><li>There are five epics in the classical Tamil language - Silappadhikaram, Manimegalai, Seevaga-chintamani, Valayaapathi, Kundalakesi . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li> To know more about India and its Diversity and how we can help,contact PRININDIA. </li></ul>
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