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What is a Noun? <ul><li>A word used to name a person, animal, place, thing and abstract idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of n...
<ul><li>Common nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to a person, place, or thing in general sense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Concrete nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical sen...
<ul><li>Countable nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be in singular or plural forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to anyth...
<ul><li>Collective nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to a group of things, animals, or persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Possessive nouns <ul><li>A noun changes its forms to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Singular noun that does not end with ‘s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassandra - Cassandra’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Noun Plurals <ul><li>Most nouns change their forms by adding ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g.  dog - dogs </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>Nouns that end with -y and the letter before -y is a vowel, add ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- e.g. boy - boys </li>...
<ul><li>Nouns that end with -ff, add ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- e.g. tariff - tariffs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nouns that ...
Noun Gender <ul><li>Masculine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Peter, actor, waiter… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feminine </li></ul><...
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Nouns

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Notes on Noun for my Basic English students

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Transcript of "Nouns"

  1. 2. What is a Noun? <ul><li>A word used to name a person, animal, place, thing and abstract idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- common nouns - proper nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- concrete nouns - abstract nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>countable nouns - non-countable nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> (mass nouns) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collective nouns - compound nouns </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Common nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to a person, place, or thing in general sense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. people, city, river… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proper nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write with a capital letter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Represent the name of a specific person, place, or thing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Christopher, Kuala Lumpur, Mississippi River… </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Concrete nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. book, chair, clerk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abstract nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to anything that you cannot perceive through your physical senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. childhood, happiness, love… </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Countable nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be in singular or plural forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to anything (or anyone) that you can count </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. table, tables, baby, babies… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Countable nouns (Mass nouns) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not have a plural form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to something you could not count </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. oxygen, water… </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Collective nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to a group of things, animals, or persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually think the group as a unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. class, committee, swarm… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A noun made up of 2 or more words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. shoelace, keyboard, flashlight… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Possessive nouns <ul><li>A noun changes its forms to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns > Possessive nouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add apostrophe [’] and the letter [s] </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Singular noun that does not end with ‘s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassandra - Cassandra’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>friend - friend’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Singular noun that ends with ‘s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris - Chris’s / Chris’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bus - bus’s / bus’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural noun that does not end with ‘s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>children - children’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sheep - sheep’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural noun that ends with ‘s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dogs - dogs’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>babies - babies’ </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Noun Plurals <ul><li>Most nouns change their forms by adding ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. dog - dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bus – buses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nouns that end with -s, -ch, -sh, -x, or -z, add ‘-es’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. witness - witnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>church - churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dish - dishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>box - boxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>buzz - buzzes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Nouns that end with -y and the letter before -y is a vowel, add ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- e.g. boy - boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>key - keys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nouns that end with -y and the letter before -y is a consonant, change -y to -I and add ‘-es’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. army - armies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>baby - babies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Nouns that end with -ff, add ‘-s’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- e.g. tariff - tariffs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nouns that end with -f or -fe: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Some become plural by replacing -f to -v and adding -s or -es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. knife – knives wife - wives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>half - halves leaf - leaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some become plural by only adding -s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. belief - beliefs proof - proofs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Noun Gender <ul><li>Masculine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Peter, actor, waiter… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feminine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Sarah, actress, waitress… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. teacher, doctor, engineer… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neuter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. table, chair, book… </li></ul></ul>
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