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Coral reef presentation

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  • 1. Coral ReefMUHAMMAD SAJJAD BS (Hons) 5th Roll No. 907 PH# 03346544625
  • 2. Contents• Introduction to Coral Reef • Definition • Important Facts• Anatomy• Kinds• Types of Coral Reefs• Where you can find the Coral Reef• Threats to Coral Reef• Reproduction• Importance of Coral Reef• Conclusion
  • 3. Introduction to Coral Reef• Definition “A mound or ridge of living coral, coral skeletons, and calcium carbonate deposits from other organisms such as calcareous algae” » Date of origin: mid-18th century
  • 4. Introduction to Coral Reef• Important Facts – Corals are in fact animals, even though they may exhibit some of the characteristics of plants and are often mistaken for rocks. – French biologist J.A. de Peysonell concluded they were animals in 1753 – Get as much as 90 percent of their energy from the organic byproducts of photosynthesis. – Also capture and consume live prey using their tentacles(Night)
  • 5. Anatomy
  • 6. Kinds•Fringing•Barrier•Atolls
  • 7. Types of Coral Reefs• 1,500 species of reef-building corals• Great number of types of Coral Reef • Star Coral Reef • Hat Coral Reef • Tree Coral Reef • Brain Coral Reef • Patchy Coral Reef, etc
  • 8. Types of Coral ReefTree Coral Reef Hat Coral Reef Star Coral Reef
  • 9. Where you can find the Coral Reef• Corals are found throughout the oceans, from deep, cold waters to shallow, tropical waters. Based on current estimates• Occupy approximately 284,300 square kilometers• Grow best in warm water (70–85° F or 21–29° C).• From 30° N to 30° S
  • 10. Global Distribution of Coral Reef
  • 11. Distribution
  • 12. Threats to Coral Reef• Climate Change• Pollution
  • 13. Reproduction• Budding• Fragmentation• Sexual
  • 14. Importance of Coral Reef• Biodiversity• Coastal Protection• Medicine• Tourism
  • 15. Conclusion
  • 16. References• Retrieved From http://www.starfish.ch/reef/ocean.html http://conservingbiodiversity.yolasite.com/resources/Anato myOfPolypCoralReefResearch2007.jpg http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/ http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/facts/coral_feeding. html http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/coral101/plantanima lmineral/ (26/11/2011, 4:0 pm ) PINET, P “Invitation to Oceanography” 5th Jones and Bartlett Publishers Boston, London, Singapore, Toronto.
  • 17. Humbly thankful for your patience