BehavioristicBehaviorism is a school of thought inpsychology which believes that all thingsthat organisms do—including acting,thinking and feeling—can and should beregarded as behaviors
BehaviorismA theory that it’s perspective may bedefined as a change of behavior as aresult of experience-that can bemeasured
cognitioncognition is a group of mental processesthat includes attention, memory, producingand understanding language, learning,reasoning, problem solving,and decision making
Cognitivisma theory that it’sperspective is a change in mentalrepresentations and associationsbrought about by experiences.
Behaviorism vs.Cognitivismbehaviorism and cognitive psychologyreflect the two aspects of modern spirit.Behaviorism refers to the arrogance thathuman can control the all, nature, societyand human, while cognitive psychologyindicates the Introspection
Behaviorism and CognitivismThey are both a good way of teachingand learning processes, however,there are some differencesbetween them which is verysignificant.
Role of the TeacherBehaviorist: one who teaches, plans,presents language items and exercises,makes students repeat drills and givescorrect language forms.Cognitivist: one who createsopportunities for learning to occurwith the help of the learner’sdata processing mechanism.
Role of the LearnerBehaviorist: a passive recipient ofplanned instruction.Cognitivist: an active processor oflearning. One whose internal dataprocessing mechanism operate.
Behaviorist: should not be made at all.Cognitivist: can be made, sincethrough errors one can learn.Error
PracticeBehaviorist: drills and drills, constantrepetition is definitely necessary.Cognitivist: is important, but rotelearning and meaninglessrepetition is out.
The Language SyllabusBehaviorist based on the structuresand vocabulary of languagepresented systematically.Cognitivist: could be lesssystematically presentedstructures and vocabulary,functions, notions, situations, andcognitive functions.
Grading of ItemsBehaviorist: : Strict, clear, step by step(lock-step method)Cognitivist: : no so definite, since theindividual language learner is involved
Behaviorism & Cognitivism Behaviorism and Cognitivism are two learningtheories that even though they have theirdifferences, both theories emphasize the role thatenvironmental conditions play in facilitatinglearning, as well as emphasis on the role ofpractice with corrective feedback
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