Write While You Search :  Ambient Searching of a Digital Library in the Context of Writing  Anatoliy Gruzd,  [email_addres...
Conventional order of research-related activities <ul><li>Searching for the information </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing, anal...
Main problems associated with  the  ‘ conventional order’ Research Paralysis  &  Writing Procrastination
Benefits of writing at the early stages of one’s research <ul><li>Write While You Search  (WWYS)   approach is more produc...
Using computer technologies to help writing <ul><li>Will technologies be able to move users over to the more productive  W...
Personal Information Research Assistant  (PIRA)   http://pira.isrl.uiuc.edu/
The usefulness of a PIRA / WWYS approach may depend on <ul><li>A type of research/writing </li></ul><ul><li>User’s profici...
Future   work <ul><li>System design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the degree of disruption  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
Future   work (cont.) <ul><li>User study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation vs. Controlled experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
References <ul><li>Adamczyk, P.D. & Bailey, B.P. If Not Now, When?: The Effects of Interruption at Different Moments Withi...
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Write While You Search: Ambient Searching of a Digital Library in the Context of Writing

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Gruzd, A.A. & Twidale, M.B. (2006). Write While You Search: Ambient Searching of a Digital Library in the Context of Writing. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Digital Libraries in the Context of Users' Broader Activities (DL-CUBA) at the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL'06), Chapel Hill, NC: 13-16. Paper iis available at www.uclic.ucl.ac.uk/events/dl-cuba2006/papers/Gruzd.pdf

PIRA prototype is available at http://pira.isrl.uiuc.edu/

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  • I'm looking for evidence about the kind of searching people do while writing research papers. Please share what you find, or suggest places I ought to look for this!
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Write While You Search: Ambient Searching of a Digital Library in the Context of Writing

  1. 1. Write While You Search : Ambient Searching of a Digital Library in the Context of Writing Anatoliy Gruzd, [email_address] Michael Twidale, [email_address] “ The more research you do, the more impossible it is to start writing” -Peter Elbow DL-CUBA 2006
  2. 2. Conventional order of research-related activities <ul><li>Searching for the information </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing, analyzing, systematizing, synthesizing, planning the report </li></ul><ul><li>Writing the report </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main problems associated with the ‘ conventional order’ Research Paralysis & Writing Procrastination
  4. 4. Benefits of writing at the early stages of one’s research <ul><li>Write While You Search (WWYS) approach is more productive than Write After Search (Nelson & Hayes, 1988) </li></ul><ul><li>Writing-to-learn theories, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory of discovery (Galbraith, 1992) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge transforming model (Bereiter and Scardamalia, 1987) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Using computer technologies to help writing <ul><li>Will technologies be able to move users over to the more productive Write While You Search ( WWYS ) approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we enable a tighter integration of searching, planning and writing functionalities? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Information Research Assistant (PIRA) http://pira.isrl.uiuc.edu/
  7. 7. The usefulness of a PIRA / WWYS approach may depend on <ul><li>A type of research/writing </li></ul><ul><li>User’s proficiency in research skills </li></ul><ul><li>User’s preferences in writing/searching behavior </li></ul><ul><li>User’s cognitive overload </li></ul><ul><ul><li>focused attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>divided attention </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Future work <ul><li>System design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the degree of disruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. update results when a user stop typing (Adamczyk, 2004) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of multiple digital libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate a search query based on semantic passages vs. discourse (paragraph) passages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate with bibliographic management tools </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Future work (cont.) <ul><li>User study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation vs. Controlled experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formative vs. Summative Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variables </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distractibility </li></ul><ul><li>Informativeness </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity / Time </li></ul><ul><li>Paper quality </li></ul><ul><li>Time constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Writer’s major / research area </li></ul><ul><li>Expert vs. novice </li></ul>Dependent Independent
  10. 10. References <ul><li>Adamczyk, P.D. & Bailey, B.P. If Not Now, When?: The Effects of Interruption at Different Moments Within Task Execution. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems , (Vienna, Austria, 2004), ACM Press, 271-278. </li></ul><ul><li>Bereiter, C. & Scardamalia, M. The psychology of written composition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987. </li></ul><ul><li>Elbow, P. Writing with Power: Techniques for Mastering the Writing Process . 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Galbraith, D. Conditions for discovery through writing. Instructional Science 21 , 1 - 3 (1992), 45-71. </li></ul><ul><li>Nelson, J. & Hayes, J.R. How the Writing Context Shapes College Students' Strategies for Writing from Sources. (Technical Report No. 16). Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Writing, UC Berkeley, 1988. </li></ul>

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