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  • Image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Persian_Empire,_490_BC.png
  • Image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maurya_Dynasty_in_265_BCE.jpg

Transcript

  • 1. The Indian Ocean: Integration Across Eras through Trade, Migration, and Islam Sugata BoseGardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs, Department of History, Harvard University
  • 2. The Gradual Integration of theIndian Ocean Trade Network
  • 3. The Indian Ocean
  • 4. Achaemenid Empire(First Persian Empire) ca. 550 – 336 BCE
  • 5. Mauryan Empire (321 – 185 BCE)
  • 6. Cochin Harbor with Chinese Nets (west coast of Indian peninsula)
  • 7. Gathering of Sufis Mughal India, 17th century
  • 8. Vasco da Gama’s Tombstone in Cochin
  • 9. The Portuguese in the Indian Ocean
  • 10. The English and Dutch in the Indian Ocean
  • 11. Indian merchants and bankers (“intermediary capital”) remained important under British colonialism
  • 12. Indian Indentured Laborers Arriving in Natal, South Africa
  • 13. Gandhi in South Africa (third from left)
  • 14. Islam continued to unite the Indian Ocean religiously and culturally
  • 15. Tagore’s visit to Iran and Iraqillustrates this shared religious sensibility
  • 16. Tagore with a Bedouin Chief in Iraq
  • 17. List of Illustrations3. The Indian Ocean, 1935 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, based on original in Pusey Library Map Room, Harvard University)4. The Persian Empire. (Department of History, US Military Academy via Wikimedia Commons.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Persian_Empire,_490_BC.png)5. The Maurya Dynasty. (Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maurya_Dynasty_in_265_BCE.jpg)6. Cochin Harbor with Chinese fishing nets (Photo by Sugata Bose)7. The Indian Ocean, 1935 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, based on original in Pusey Library Map Room, Harvard University)8. A Gathering of Sufis/Dervishes. Mughal miniature, 1595.9. Vasco de Gama’s Tomb in Cochin (Photo by Sugata Bose)10. Map of the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean (Wikimedia Commons,http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Portuguese_discoveries_and_explorationsV2en.png)11. Map of the English and Dutch in the Indian Ocean (K.N. Chaudhuri, Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean )13. Indians arriving in Natal (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Museum Africa, Johannesburg)14. Gandhi and Leung Quinn, 1908 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Vithalbhai Jhaveri/GandhiServe)16. Tagore at Hafiz’s Grave (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati, Santiniketan)17. Tagore with a Bedouin Chief in Iraq (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati, Santiniketan)18. Poem-painting, Baghdad, May 24, 1932 (Bose, A Hundred Horizons, from Rabindra Bhavan, Viswa Bharati,Santiniketan)Recorded by Sugata Bose, Gardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs, Department of History, Harvard University