The Incas Empire
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  • 1. The Incas used a variety of methods, from conquest to peaceful assimilation, to incorporate a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges, including large parts of modern Ecuador , Peru , western and south central Bolivia , northwest Argentina , north and north-central Chile , and southern Colombia . The Incas identified their king as "child of the sun." The Inca Empire (or Inka Empire ) was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America . Father of Sun
  • 2. Suyu means "region" or "province". The empire was divided into four Suyus , whose corners met at the capital, Cusco ( Qosqo ), in modern-day Peru . The official language of the empire was Quechua , although dozens if not hundreds of local languages and Dialects of Quechua were spoken. The four Suyus of Inca´s Empire The capital: Cusco
  • 3. The Inca diet consisted primarily of potatoes and grains, supplemented by fish, vegetables, nuts, and maize (corn). Camelid (llama and alpaca) meat and cuyes (guinea pigs) were also eaten in large quantities. In addition, they hunted various wild animals for meat, skins and feathers. Alpaca
  • 4. The Inca believed in reincarnation . Those who obeyed the Incan moral code — ama suwa, ama llulla, ama quella (do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy) — "went to live in the Sun's warmth while others spent their eternal days in the cold earth". The Inca also practiced cranial deformation . They achieved this by wrapping tight cloth straps around the heads of newborns in order to alter the shape of their still-soft skulls into a more conical form. Further studies are still needed to determine whether these deformations caused brain damage. Inca mummy