Sea presentation - Myanmar


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Sea presentation - Myanmar

  1. 1. Slide-1<br />My question: future of Myanmar/Junta + related wif international org’s (ASEAN)<br />NOTE:<br />-SLIDE 2,3,4=related maybe useful……<br />2-Turning point in Myanmar relations<br />3-Myanmar tactics<br />4-democracy in Myanmar(2nd and 3rd point)<br />-SLIDE 5,6,7=my question…….<br />5-aseanization vs internationalization of myanmar<br />6-various efforts on myanmar<br />7-future of Myanmar<br />8-what should we expect from Myanmar?<br />____________________________________________________<br />Slide 9: Conclusion……..<br />
  2. 2. Turning Point In Myanmar Relations<br />First international conference since the crackdown on pro-democracy in 1988<br />Ending decades of international isolation<br />Visa timeframe: from two days to three weeks for UN staffers but journalists no leniency<br />No politicization, only humanitarians for the Myanmar victims<br />No taboo in dealing with Myanmar as before i.e. seat arrangement, flags, etc <br />Improved bilateral ties with key Western donors such as US & UK<br />
  3. 3. Myanmar’s tactics<br />A self-sufficient pariah state, strong armed forces<br />Join the global anti-terrorism campaign<br />Playing one power against another--China vs. India, US vs. China, UN vs. Asean<br />Use Asean to win international sympathy and support<br />Use energy resource to lure foreign investors, break-up international consensus<br />Use its own political frameworks: May 10 and May 24 referendum and 2010 election<br />Use foreign assistance for its own economic recovery <br />
  4. 4. Democracy in Myanmar<br />Learning from the :<br />1988 popular uprising, <br />1996 student demonstrations, <br />1998 student demonstrations, and <br />2007 saffron revolutions; <br />The need of political environment inside Burma is extremely essential to pressure the regime persistently to do reform and also to educate the people about their rights and mobilize them.<br />solution for the crisis of Burma is restoring democracy and rule of law.<br />
  5. 5. AseanisationvsInternationalisationOf Myanmar<br />1991-1994: Asean defended Myanmar blindly<br />1994-1997: North-South and East-West divide<br />1997-2003: Asean peer pressure failed<br />After Depayin-May 2003, swift internationalization through UN efforts (HR, special envoy, UNSC), Asean frustration increased<br />Japan’s new attitudes towards Burma<br />EU New Strategies towards Southeast Asia<br />Myanmar Freedom & Democracy Act renews by US Congress since its inception in 2003<br />Myanmar skipped chairmanship in 2006<br />
  6. 6. Various efforts on Burma<br />Australia’s 12-point proposal<br />Constructive Engagement and Enhanced Interaction<br />Asean Troika, Asean special envoy<br />Bangkok Process<br />Friends of Burma<br />UN roadmap and framework <br />Rangoon’s 7-point Road to democracy<br />Track 2: EPG on Burma, Asean-Isis, Parliamentairian Caucus on Burma<br />Japan’s comprehensive policy on Burma<br />Indonesia’s new peace plan on Burma (pending)<br />
  7. 7. Future Of Myanmar<br />Hide behind non-interference principle<br />Cooperate with new Asean members to maintain status quo even after the implementation of Asean Charter this year (pending 10-member ratification) <br />Assure Asean human rights body has no teeth<br />Asean leaders said resumption of Burma’s chairmanship was not automatic! <br />Burma’s voluntary quitting Asean (pulled out of NAM in 1979 and returned a decade later)—an option<br />Make sure no increase in Asean membership fee: US$700,000 per year or US$1918 per day<br />
  8. 8. What Should We Expect From Myanmar?<br />Burma acts slow but engaging<br />Junta’s tighter grips of power<br />Extension of Aung San SuuKyi’s house-arrest <br />International community and relief agencies continue to ask for more access and faster delivery in the delta<br />Asean has limited resource and capacity in emergency operation and disastrous management<br />Burma continues with its political roadmap <br />
  9. 9. CONCLUSION<br />Looking at the image portrayed by the rulers of Myanmar, <br />The Junta:<br />-Citizens of Myanmar should be given the freedom to express their feelings and decide their own government.<br /> -As mentioned by J.J.Rosseuau (1712-1718) “Man are born free, but everywhere he is the chain” and “Popular Sovereignty”<br />