Sea presentation - Myanmar

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  • 1. Slide-1
    My question: future of Myanmar/Junta + related wif international org’s (ASEAN)
    NOTE:
    -SLIDE 2,3,4=related maybe useful……
    2-Turning point in Myanmar relations
    3-Myanmar tactics
    4-democracy in Myanmar(2nd and 3rd point)
    -SLIDE 5,6,7=my question…….
    5-aseanization vs internationalization of myanmar
    6-various efforts on myanmar
    7-future of Myanmar
    8-what should we expect from Myanmar?
    ____________________________________________________
    Slide 9: Conclusion……..
  • 2. Turning Point In Myanmar Relations
    First international conference since the crackdown on pro-democracy in 1988
    Ending decades of international isolation
    Visa timeframe: from two days to three weeks for UN staffers but journalists no leniency
    No politicization, only humanitarians for the Myanmar victims
    No taboo in dealing with Myanmar as before i.e. seat arrangement, flags, etc
    Improved bilateral ties with key Western donors such as US & UK
  • 3. Myanmar’s tactics
    A self-sufficient pariah state, strong armed forces
    Join the global anti-terrorism campaign
    Playing one power against another--China vs. India, US vs. China, UN vs. Asean
    Use Asean to win international sympathy and support
    Use energy resource to lure foreign investors, break-up international consensus
    Use its own political frameworks: May 10 and May 24 referendum and 2010 election
    Use foreign assistance for its own economic recovery
  • 4. Democracy in Myanmar
    Learning from the :
    1988 popular uprising,
    1996 student demonstrations,
    1998 student demonstrations, and
    2007 saffron revolutions;
    The need of political environment inside Burma is extremely essential to pressure the regime persistently to do reform and also to educate the people about their rights and mobilize them.
    solution for the crisis of Burma is restoring democracy and rule of law.
  • 5. AseanisationvsInternationalisationOf Myanmar
    1991-1994: Asean defended Myanmar blindly
    1994-1997: North-South and East-West divide
    1997-2003: Asean peer pressure failed
    After Depayin-May 2003, swift internationalization through UN efforts (HR, special envoy, UNSC), Asean frustration increased
    Japan’s new attitudes towards Burma
    EU New Strategies towards Southeast Asia
    Myanmar Freedom & Democracy Act renews by US Congress since its inception in 2003
    Myanmar skipped chairmanship in 2006
  • 6. Various efforts on Burma
    Australia’s 12-point proposal
    Constructive Engagement and Enhanced Interaction
    Asean Troika, Asean special envoy
    Bangkok Process
    Friends of Burma
    UN roadmap and framework
    Rangoon’s 7-point Road to democracy
    Track 2: EPG on Burma, Asean-Isis, Parliamentairian Caucus on Burma
    Japan’s comprehensive policy on Burma
    Indonesia’s new peace plan on Burma (pending)
  • 7. Future Of Myanmar
    Hide behind non-interference principle
    Cooperate with new Asean members to maintain status quo even after the implementation of Asean Charter this year (pending 10-member ratification)
    Assure Asean human rights body has no teeth
    Asean leaders said resumption of Burma’s chairmanship was not automatic!
    Burma’s voluntary quitting Asean (pulled out of NAM in 1979 and returned a decade later)—an option
    Make sure no increase in Asean membership fee: US$700,000 per year or US$1918 per day
  • 8. What Should We Expect From Myanmar?
    Burma acts slow but engaging
    Junta’s tighter grips of power
    Extension of Aung San SuuKyi’s house-arrest
    International community and relief agencies continue to ask for more access and faster delivery in the delta
    Asean has limited resource and capacity in emergency operation and disastrous management
    Burma continues with its political roadmap
  • 9. CONCLUSION
    Looking at the image portrayed by the rulers of Myanmar,
    The Junta:
    -Citizens of Myanmar should be given the freedom to express their feelings and decide their own government.
    -As mentioned by J.J.Rosseuau (1712-1718) “Man are born free, but everywhere he is the chain” and “Popular Sovereignty”