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Sample slide   sharon the marketisation of education in singapore
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Sample slide sharon the marketisation of education in singapore

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Sample slide   sharon the marketisation of education in singapore Sample slide sharon the marketisation of education in singapore Presentation Transcript

  • Changes in Policies
    Increased Autonomy for schools in the 1980s
    Moved from centralised control
    Students to benefit from Principals educational leadership
    Common Examinations but flexibility for experimentation
    Well-established schools allowed autonomy
    Staff deployment, salaries, finance, management, cirriculum
    1
  • Independent schools seen as elitist...
    Autonomous status now has to be applied for; and contingent upon sustained performance
    May choose administrative services from private companies or hire Operations and Administration Managers
    Can determine their admission policies, school fees, budgets and school fees
    2
  • School reforms 1990s to present
    28 School Clusters in 2007 headed by a superintendent
    Education Endowment (for enrichment) provided for schools to draw from
    None of the schools have moved away from subject based curriculum
    Possible establishment of private schools discussed in 2001
    3
  • Inter-School competition
    ‘O’ levels and ‘A’ levels results publicised
    Competition focussed on ranking
    Schools dropped Literature to adjust score amidst Arts Minister’s call for focus on the Arts and Literature
    Some schools unable to compete due to vicious cycle of low performing students
    Competition detrimental to cooperation within cluster
    Aspects of Marketing -Product 1
    4
  • To move away from Inter-school Ranking competiveness
    Some schools take IP or IB route
    School Excellence Model (SEM) 2000, appraises own-school performance
    Internal assessment submitted to School Appraisal Branch every 5 years
    Schools encouraged to apply for SPRING Singapore Quality Class award
    2003 Enhanced Performance Management System (to appraise Principals and teachers)
    5
  • Tensions:
    Between risk adverse behaviour and sustained change
    Decentralisation vs ever tightening grip on inter-school competition (ranking) and external reviews
    Drill and practice vs critical and creative thinking skills
    TSLN vs performance (result based competition)
    6