By: Presley Davis, AlyssaStewart, Jaylin Gibson, and Nicholas Arnold!
THE The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in theBEGINNING northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE, was the first major civilization in India. The Indus Valley is one of the worlds earliest urban civilizations along with Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. The Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. The inhabitants developed new techniques in producing tools with copper, bronze,
A The ancient Indian civilization had very talented craftsmen. They were skilled in pottery, weaving, and metal working. Several small figures ofR animals, such as monkeys, have been found. These small figures could be objects of art or toys. There are also small statues of what they think areT female gods. Bowls made of bronze and silver, and many beads and ornaments have been found as well. The metals used to make these things are not found in theS Indus Valley. So, either the people who lived in this ancient civilization had to import all of these items from some other place, such
FOOD IN INDIA! Dinner would have included warm tasty wheat bread served withbarley or rice. The ancient Indians were very good farmers. They grew crops such as: barley, peas, melons, wheat, cotton, and dates. They kept herds of sheep, pigs, zebus, and water buffalo. The Indians fished and some hunted. The land was rich for growing sugar canes so they ate many sweets. They made many stews, soups, rice dishes, and flat breads.
C Family was the center of life.U They held family with the utmostS importance. The Ancient Indians took place inT many sacrifices, burial, wedding,O and religious rituals. TheseM customs have passed down areS still active
Nobody knows exactly G what the governmentof the Harappan period O was like; they probably had V a king over each city and possibly some E queens. By about 1500BC, all of the people in R India are divided up into castes. Only men Nfrom the highest caste could be rulers in the M government. Women E were not allowed to rule. Most of India Ncontinued to be divided into small kingdoms, T
The two main cities of this civilization were Harappaand Mohenjo-Daro. They flourished from about 3,000B.C. to 1,500 B.C. These cities were considered advancedbecause most of their structures are like that oftoday. The cities had broad main streets and smallerstreets off to the sides They used walls to separateneighborhoods and all of the houses were differentbut had the same general layout. The buildings wereusually square shaped and made of oven-baked bricks. CITIES
R India has been an important part of three major world religionsE -Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. BuddhismL began in India and spread to other placesI in Asia. Islam came into India from West Asia. The origins of HinduismG are unclear, but are related to the arrivalI of the Indo- European Aryans fromO West Asia. Not much is known about the earliest Indian religion,N but that it was
People in Ancient India wore mostly cotton or silk clothing. India was the first place where cotton was grown, even as early as 2500 B.C. By the Aryan period, the Indian women wore one very long piece of cloth called a sari, that they wrapped around themselves indifferent ways. Men also wore one long piece of cloth called the dhoti, whichwas generally white. They accessorized the dhoti with a head wrap called aturban. The Indians are known for their DRESS elaborate jewels.
G India was the first civilization to get the idea of carving theknucklebones of cattle A and sheep and turning them into marked dice. They would throw these dice to predict Mthe future and upcoming events. The Indians invented a game named “Snakes and Ladders” which we now know as E “Chutes and Ladders.” They invented manyboard games like chess,and card games as well. S Ancient India is claimedto be the origin of Judo and Karate. It was very popular, even among the women and
The writing of this civilization has puzzled scholars for nearly seventy years because of its briefness and it being unknown to all people. The writing style is very unique and scribes were highly regarded.--LITERATURE--
INTERESTING FACTSIn Indias 100,000 years of history, it has never invaded any other country.India is the largest democratic country in the world.The value of pi was first calculated by an Indian mathematician- Budhayana.Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus originated in India.Varanasi, also known as Benaras, also called "the Ancient City" (when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C.), is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.Islam is Indias and the worlds second largest religion. There are 300,000 active mosques in
Excavations of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappareveal that the people participated in manyphysical activities and also played a variety of games using marbles, balls, and dice. Hunting, swimming, dancing, boating, craft making, and martial arts were some very popular activities in India in ancient times.
India is the birthplace of several sciences. SeveralMathematical concepts including zero, decimal system, square root, and algebra, Stared here in India. Discoveries about the body, the womb, and childbirth were made. Some of the first surgeries took place during this time.ACCOMPLISHMEN