This map depicts or outlines the extent of the Mshale in PennsylvaniaThickness of Marcellus Shale ranges from 50 to 250 feet thick at a depth around 1 mile deep. PA allows horizontal natural gas drilling except in the Delaware River Basin.Key vote on hydrofracking in Delaware River Basin was to take place on 11/18/11. This vote has been delayed and no revote date has been set.The information we have on Surrounding States related to horizontal natural gas drilling:NY – does NOT currently allow – moratorium extended until June 1, 2012.NJ and DE do NOT currently allow as they are within the Delaware River Basin.MD – does NOT currently allow – Advisory Commission enacted by Executive Order to study for a minimum of 2 year period; Final report due 8/1/2014.WV and OH do allow.
Obviously to get to the natural gas – companies are drilling from the surface PA allows horizontal natural gas drilling except in the Delaware River Basin.Key vote on hydrofracking in Delaware River Basin was to take place on 11/18/11. This vote has been delayed and no revote date has been set.The information we have on Surrounding States related to horizontal natural gas drilling:NY – does NOT currently allow – moratorium extended until June 1, 2012.NJ and DE do NOT currently allow as they are within the Delaware River Basin.MD – does NOT currently allow – Advisory Commission enacted by Executive Order to study for a minimum of 2 year period; Final report due 8/1/2014.WV and OH do allow.
Total MS Wells drilled since 7/10/2006Statewide: 20,021Bradford: 1,075Tioga: 790Lycoming: 590Sullivan: 59Columbia: 3
To drill companies must have a pad and wells. Typically or on average we see a pad as about 3 to 5 acres. It takes about 4 to 6 weeks to develop the site and we see 6 to 8 wells per padThe number one impact is the significant overnight increase in heavy truck traffic
Let’s look at the truck traffic for an average padI have broken out the main activities at a siteRemember there could be 6-8 wells per pad.And the truck volumes are an average, several factors can affect the truck volume up or down – including piping water, well depth and site location.But overall – per well – you can see we get close to 1500 trucks – or over 10000 heavy trucks per sitePad Development300-400 trucks for stone and equipment4-6 weeksDrilling Operations (Horizontal and Vertical)150-200 trucks for equipment, water and cement4-5 weeksFracking800-1,000 trucks for sand and 6 Million gallons of water1-1.5 weeks Reclaiming40-50 trucks to reduce pad size and get equipment out3-4 weeksAverage 1,450 Trucks per Well*
In comparing 5-year average counts for total traffic and truck traffic which is represented by the red a and green bars on the left to recent traffic counts which are the purple and black bars on the right.On areas of TR 14 and TR 6 between West of Burlington to West of Towanda significant increase. Location were traffic doubles and truck traffic increased 4 to 5 fold in magnitude. Other locations we are evaluating include TR 220, TR 187 and TR 15.
This is a preliminary assessment (information from CDART)With the increase in traffic and truck traffic would anticipate increase in crashes.Bradford 162% increase in truck crashesTioga 243% increase in truck crashesAlso there has been an increase in fatalities involving trucks. 2008 2010Bradford 0 5Lycoming 0 2Sullivan 0 0Tioga 0 2Total 0 9
Let’s take a real look at the impact a truck over 10 tons is facing – you can see the stark difference in the number of posted roads from 2008 to now. This does make it very difficult to get around in those areas.This slide depicts the posted roadway system in 2011 versus pre-2008. 3-0 had just over 700 miles of posted roads April of 2010.One method of protecting our roadway infrastructure is by posting roads that are unable to carry such a large number of trucksBetween 2000 and 2008, average 40 miles of new postings/year In 2009: 468 miles addedIn 2010: 2,554 miles were added. To-date in 2011: 1,370 miles (As of November 18, 2011)4,594 miles posted since 2008. Vast majority of roads posted since 2008 attributable to Marcellus Activities. Total: 11,651 miles Statewide. Note: D1, 9, 10, 11 & 12 (western side of PA) had a lot of miles posted prior to 2008 due to coal, shallow gas and oil industries.D2 & D3 (north/central PA) miles posted prior to 2008 are mostly related to timberD4 (northeastern PA) miles posted prior to 2008 are mostly related to quarries
This is a 7-mile road they started restoration on. Several are restoring with additional structure if they are going to be on the road for several years. This area has numerous water impounds and well pads.In 2008 we had 30 posted roads and now over 170 posted roads.A roadway is posted with a weight limit when the structure can’t support heavy truck traffic. We have a large volume of roads that have a pie crust of thin base structure, even traffic routes.User has to obtain a permit and enter into an Excess Maintenance Agreement. There are local exemptions. There are Type 3 county wide permits with $15 fee and $10,000 bond. Most of the permits to gas companies are Type 2 with no permit fee. We can only recoup an inspection cost for initial, after repairs, and final. Charge is $40 first mile and $25 for every mile after, with a max of $200 at $7.4 miles. Bonds are required $6,000/mile for unpaved and $12,500 for paved roads.Implemented this year a requirement for gas companies to provide how they plan to maintain a road during the winter as a result of the problems we experienced in the Northern Tier this past year.
Calendar Year Data
Relocating and making 3 lanes
As of June 2010 surpassed calendar year cars
Farms turning into Water Impoundment and Drilling PadsMost gas well development sites fall outside of federal or state law and policy when it comes to historic and archaeological resources. With the exception of projects that involve a federal permit – or when the project area is more than ten acres – proposed gas drilling projects do not come to PHMC for review for effects on historic and archaeological resources. As a result, neither developers nor PHMC are aware of historic and archaeological resources that could be impacted by such projectsPHMC – Pennsylvania Historical and Museum CommissionPHMC has issued a pamphlet encouraging gas extraction developers to site wells, basins, infrastructure, and pipelines in areas that avoid archaeological sites, burials, historic buildings, structures and other resources that may be considered important.
Bridge replacement partly due to Marcellus traffic
Williamsport hotel occupancy increased from 60% to 90%
First and tied for Second in the state.Unemployment Rates Area September 2011 Preliminary Seasonally Adjusted Unemployment Rate Bradford County 6.4% Sullivan County 6.8% Susquehanna County 8.1% Tioga County 7.6% Wyoming County 9.3% Northern Tier WIA 7.4% Pennsylvania 8.3% United States 9.1% Source: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry, Local Area Unemployment Statistics
Transportation Impacts of Marcellus Shale Drilling
TRANSPORTATIONIMPACTS OF MARCELLUS SHALE DRILLING Sandra Tosca, P.E. PennDOT District 3-0 Executive July 2012 www.dot.state.pa.us
ENGINEERING DISTRICT 3-0 • 9 Counties • 2,906 State Bridges • 4,503 Miles of State Highways • $275 Million Budget • 1,018 Employees
OVERVIEW• Marcellus Shale Overview• Changes to the Area• Transportation Changes• Other Changes
MARCELLUS SHALE OVERVIEW• Black shale formation deep underground• Large quantities of natural gas in PA, OH, WV & NY• Smaller traces of natural gas in MD, KY, TN & VA
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –TRUCK IMPACTS• Pad Development• Drilling Operations• Fracking Bradford County SR 1022 Bradford County – 4/23/10• Reclaiming• Average 1,450 Trucks per Well Bradford County – SR 1033 4/23/10
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –TRAFFIC INCREASES Bradford County Traffic 5-Year Average vs. 2010 Counts7000 6726 6304 5-YR AADT AVG 60086000 5706 5-YR TRUCK VOLUME 2010 AADT COUNTS 2010 TRUCK VOLUME5000 39474000 3691 3565 310130002000 1460 1260 1300 9671000 277 310 274 247 0 SR 14, Seg 0310 SR 6, Seg 0320 SR 6, Seg 0420 SR 6, Seg 0500 South of Troy West of Burlington East of Burlington West of SR 220 & Towanda
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –SAFETY Heavy Truck Crash Statistics Comparing 2008 vs. 2011 140 120 2008 CrashesNumber of Crashes 100 2011 Crashes 80 60 40 20 0 Bradford Lycoming Sullivan Tioga
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –WEIGHT RESTRICTED STATE ROUTES
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –ROADWAY IMPACTS August 2009 (before) March 2010 (after) Bradford County State Route 2015 September 2010 (during upgrade)
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –ROADWAY RESTORATION STATS County Miles of Restoration, Reconstruction, or Upgrades Completed or Underway 2012 2010 2011 (as of 7/9/12) Bradford 162.16 158.06 26.78 Tioga 19.12 38.22 2.95 Lycoming 23.03 25.64 5.32 Sullivan 10.62 25.99 7.74 Total 214.93 247.91 42.79
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –BRIDGE REPLACEMENTS & TRAFFIC CONSIDERATIONSTioga County Traffic Route 287Existing Plan
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –PLANNING AND PERMITS John Brady Drive
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –PLANNING AND PERMITS John Brady Drive
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –RAIL ACTIVITY 4.5 Tractor Trailers / RailcarA Typical Freight Train on Wellsboro A Typical Freight Train on Wellsboro& Corning in 2008 & Corning in 2010
TRANSPORTATION CHANGES –RAIL ACTIVITY• WCRR Growth Comparison: • CY 2009: 841 cars • CY 2010: 2,130 cars Rail traffic substantial increase (sand/pipe) – $1M NTRPO CMAQ Project to add capacity to WCRR• Lycoming Valley Railroad increase in short-line rail freight – Increase in carloads from 80 in 2008 to 6,000 in 2010 - $10M TIGER 2 Grant www.dot.state.pa.us
OTHER CHANGES –CULTURAL RESOURCESTioga County Farm Lycoming County Farm
OTHER CHANGES –HISTORIC LOCAL BRIDGE Bradford County T-751 www.dot.state.pa.us
OTHER CHANGES – IMPACTS TO HOUSING & REAL ESTATE NTRPO IMPACTS• Supply vs. Demand has • Property listings with doubled & tripled the acreage are at an all rental prices time low• Existing leases are not • Subsurface rights are being renewed not included for those that are for sale• Local residents cannot afford the increase • Appraisals of property have become difficult• Marcellus housing facility due to varying lease & training center under values construction
OTHER CHANGES –IMPACTS TO TOURISMNTRPO IMPACTS Pine Creek Trail• There are “NO ROOMS at the Inns” (Several hotel/motels planned)• Endless Mountains Visitor’s Bureau is developing a tourism brochure for Marcellus Shale• Peds, motorcyclists & bicyclists are being effected by truck traffic & no rooms
OTHER CHANGES –IMPACTS TO EMPLOYMENTNTRPO IMPACTS• Employment between April 2009 and April 2012 Employed Population of Norther Tier Source: Dept of Labor and Industry, CWIA increased by +7,400 94,000 employments region wide 92,000 90,000 88,000 86,000 84,000 82,000 80,000 April 2009 April 2010 April 2011 April 2012
JUST THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG????? QUESTIONS ? www.dot.state.pa.us