Starch Grain and Phytolith Evidence of  Seed and Tuber Processing from theGray Farm Site on the Murderkill River in       ...
Layout of Field Investigations   at the Gray Farm Site.
Gray Farm Site During Excavation
Excavation of Pit Feature
Activity Areas in Trench 5, including EarlyWoodland I (Late Archaic), Middle Woodland I           (Early Woodland, and    ...
Rossville Projectile Points from the Gray Farm Site
Bare Island Projectile Points  from the Gray Farm Site
Piney Island Projectile Points   from the Gray Farm Site
Poplar Island Projectile Points  from the Gray Farm Site
Steatite Vessel from Early Woodland I (LateArchaic) Activity Area at the Gray Farm Site
Selden Island (1600-800 BC) andWolfe Neck (circa 800 BC Sherds)
Coulbourne (200-0 BC) and    Hell Island Sherds
Townsend Sherds from  the Late Woodland
Jasper Drills from the Gray Farm Site
Ground Stone Axe from    Gray Farm Site
Microtools From the Gray Farm Site
Grooved Shaft Abraderfrom the Gray Farm Site
Starch Grains and Phytoliths                   A) Angular starch grain from grass seed viewed                      under p...
Setaria (Bristlegrass) plants and seeds
Hordeum pusillum (Little Barley)      plants and seeds
Iva annua (Marsh Elder)    plants and seeds
Sagittaria sp. (Indian potatoe)       plants and tubers
Scirpus sp. (Bulrush) plants and roots
Starch Grain and Phytolith Evidence of Seed and Tuber Processing
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Starch Grain and Phytolith Evidence of Seed and Tuber Processing

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Dave Rue, Rue Environmental

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Starch Grain and Phytolith Evidence of Seed and Tuber Processing

  1. 1. Starch Grain and Phytolith Evidence of Seed and Tuber Processing from theGray Farm Site on the Murderkill River in Central Delaware By: David J. Rue Rue Environmental LLC
  2. 2. Layout of Field Investigations at the Gray Farm Site.
  3. 3. Gray Farm Site During Excavation
  4. 4. Excavation of Pit Feature
  5. 5. Activity Areas in Trench 5, including EarlyWoodland I (Late Archaic), Middle Woodland I (Early Woodland, and Woodland II (Late Woodland)
  6. 6. Rossville Projectile Points from the Gray Farm Site
  7. 7. Bare Island Projectile Points from the Gray Farm Site
  8. 8. Piney Island Projectile Points from the Gray Farm Site
  9. 9. Poplar Island Projectile Points from the Gray Farm Site
  10. 10. Steatite Vessel from Early Woodland I (LateArchaic) Activity Area at the Gray Farm Site
  11. 11. Selden Island (1600-800 BC) andWolfe Neck (circa 800 BC Sherds)
  12. 12. Coulbourne (200-0 BC) and Hell Island Sherds
  13. 13. Townsend Sherds from the Late Woodland
  14. 14. Jasper Drills from the Gray Farm Site
  15. 15. Ground Stone Axe from Gray Farm Site
  16. 16. Microtools From the Gray Farm Site
  17. 17. Grooved Shaft Abraderfrom the Gray Farm Site
  18. 18. Starch Grains and Phytoliths A) Angular starch grain from grass seed viewed under polarized light (left side) and normal brightfield (right side). B) Large, lenticular (in cross-section) Hordeum starch grain viewed under brightfield, and C) crosspolarized light. D) Root-type starch grain possibly from Sagittaria. E) Scirpus sp. (Cyperaceae) root phytolith. F) Subangular grass seed starch grain . The subangularity of this grain is hard to appreciate because this grain was at the edge of the slide and a clear image was impossible to acquire. G) Angular grass seed starch . H) Asteraceae inflorescence phytolith fragment . A) Dendriform phytolith fragment derived from the bract material that surrounds grass seed. J) Angular grass seed starch starch .
  19. 19. Setaria (Bristlegrass) plants and seeds
  20. 20. Hordeum pusillum (Little Barley) plants and seeds
  21. 21. Iva annua (Marsh Elder) plants and seeds
  22. 22. Sagittaria sp. (Indian potatoe) plants and tubers
  23. 23. Scirpus sp. (Bulrush) plants and roots

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