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Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act and Beyond
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Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act and Beyond

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Janet Oakley, Director of Policy and Government Relations, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

Janet Oakley, Director of Policy and Government Relations, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

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  • Good morning. It is a pleasure to be here to talk with you about the recent passage of legislation to reform and extend the Federal Surface transportation programs. Two weeks ago we saw just how Congress when it acts in a bipartisan way can produce critical legislation. We owe thanks to key members of the House and Senate such as Boxer, Inhofe, Baucus, Mica, Shuster, Camp, Reid and Boehner. This legislation while for only two years represents major positive change that will both fund the programs and make many needed reforms.
  • 2008 funding level was $40,216,051,359One of the story lines is that MAP-21 continues funding the highway program at current levels, plus inflation. This is certainly a true statement, but what’s often left unsaid is that current funding includes a significant reduction that enacted last November in the annual appropriations bill and essentially blessed in MAP-21. The reduction trimmed about $2 billion from the highway program, and that reduction is sustained in the two years covered by MAP-21
  • Expanded flexibility to undertake activities prior to completion of NEPAAcquisition of real property (and federal funds can be used for early ROW acquisition)DesignEnter into CM/GC two-phased contractUSDOT is required to establish Categorical Exclusions for Emergency replacement projects Projects located within the operation right-of-wayProjects with limited amounts of federal funding, including projects with less than $5 million dollars of federal funding, or projects with a total cost of $30 million and with federal funds of less than 15% of the costCertain multimodal projectsExpanded delegation – makes the five-state delegation pilot a permanent program and extends to availability to all states and to include rail, transit and multimodal projectsSupport for Programmatic ApproachesAllows States or MPOs to develop programmatic mitigation plansRulemaking to allow programmatic approaches to the environmental review processFurther Process ReformsNew issue resolution procedures that allow for elevationResource agency deadlines for reviewsProgram to complete some ongoing EISs for complex projects with 4 years; only available for EISs that have been under way for at least 2 yearsResource agency financial penalties for failure to meet deadlinesStatute of limitations for judicial challenges is reduced from 180 days to 150 daysAbility to issue combined FEIS and ROD
  • Historic Preservation 3.5%Acquisition of Scenic/Historic Easements 2.1%Rehabilitation of Historic Transportation Facilities 9.0%Scenic/Historical Highway Programs 5.5%Archaeological planning and research 0.5%Transportation Museums 1.5% ------22.15
  • Planning, designing or constructing boulevards and other roadways largely in the ROW of former IS routes or other divided highwaysA state may transfer with up 50% of its apportionments except for PL and STP suballocated funds. Coburn opt out – if unobligated balance exceeds 100% of a one year apportionment, everything over that amount can be used for CMAQ uses.

Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act and Beyond Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act and Beyond Presentation Transcript

  • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) And Beyond Janet Oakley Director of Director ofAmerican Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
  •  MAP-21Key highlights ◦ Funding ◦ Program Reforms – program consolidation, performance and accountability, project delivery Historic Preservation ◦ Funding and Collaboration Opportunities The Future for the Federal-Aid Surface Transportation Program
  •  America responds to Surface Transportation needs Strong bipartisan support for passage in Congress ◦ House 372-52; Senate 74-19 Program Reforms ◦ Funding ◦ Program consolidation ◦ Performance and Accountability ◦ Accelerating Project Delivery
  • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)
  •  Funding authorization = $105 billion for FY 2013 and FY 2014 Extends the HTF and tax collections through FY 2016 Guarantees 95% return to the States on Highway Trust Fund contributions More than 92% of the highway title is apportioned to core highway programs Maintains transit-highway program split
  • Billions of dollars Highways Research Safety Transit TotalFFY 2013 40.568 0.400 1.231 10.578 52.777FFY 2014 40.625 0.400 1.252 10.695 52.972Total 81.193 0.800 2.483 21.273 105.749 6
  • HIGHWAY FORMULA PROGRAMSource: Transportation Weekly
  • MAP 21 Selected Highway Program Authorizations FY 2013 – FY 2014 FY 2013 FY 2014 2-year Total $ $ $Federal-Aid Highway Core Programs 37, 476,819,674 37,798,000,000 75,274,819,674 National Highway Performance Program 21, 751,779,050 21,935,691,598 43,687,470,648 Surface Transportation Program 10,005,135,419 10,089,729,416 20,094,864,835 Highway Safety Improvement Program 2,390,305,390 2,410,515,560 4,800,820,950 Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality 2,209,172,618 2,227,860,477 4,437,033,095 Metropolitan Planning 311,667,197 314,302,948 625,970,145 Transportation Alternative 808,760,000 819,900,000 1,628,660,000TIFIA 750,000,000 1,000,000,000 1,750,000,000Projects of National and Regional Significance 500,000,000 0 500,000,000(GF Authorization)Research 400,000,000 400,000,000 800,000,000TOTAL Highway Program Funding 40,968,000,000 41,025,000,000 81,993,000,000AuthorizationsTOTAL Highway Program Obligation Limitation 39,699,000,000 40,256,000,000 79,955,000,000
  • MAP 21 Selected Transit Program Authorizations FY 2013 – FY 2014 FY 2013 FY 2014 2-year Total $ $ $Transit Formula and Bus Grants 8,478,000,000 8,595,000,000 17,073,000,000 Planning program 126,900,000 128,800,000 255,700,000 Metropolitan Planning 10,000,000 10,000,000 20,000,000 Urbanized Area Formula Grants 4,397,950,000 4,458,650,000 8,856,600,000 Elderly and Disabled Formula Grants 254,800,000 258,300,000 513,100,000 Rural Area Formula Grants 599,500,000 607,800,000 1,207,300,000 Bus Testing Facility 3,000,000 3,000,000 6,000,000 National Transit Institute 5,000,000 5,000,000 10,000,000 National Transit Database 3,850,000 3,850,000 7,700,000 State of Good Repair Formula Grants 2,136,300,000 2,165,900,000 4,302,200,000 Buses and Bus Facilities 422,000,000 427,800,000 849,800,000 Fast Growth/High Density Formula Grants 518,700,000 525,900,000 1,044,600,000Capital Investment Grants (GF 1,907,000,000 1,907,000,000 3,814,000,000Authorization)TOTAL Transit Funding Authorizations 10,584,000,000 10,701,000,000 21,285,000,000
  • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)
  •  Consolidates more than100 categorical programs by two-thirds Creates two new core programs through consolidation ◦ National Highway Performance Program ◦ Transportation Alternatives Focuses new attention on freight ◦ National freight policy and goals ◦ National freight plan ◦ National freight network Consolidates and formularizes transit programs
  •  Combines the TE, Safe Routes, Rec Trails and Scenic Byways 2% set aside of the core highway programs ◦ SAFETEA LU average annual funding for TE, Safe Routes to School and Rec Trails = $854 million ◦ MAP 21 average annual funding for TAP = $814 million 50% of TA funds are suballocated based on relative share of population to MPOs > 200,000 and other areas < population Funds distributed through competitive grants State DOTs are not eligible recipients
  •  Historic preservation, rehabilitation and operation of historic transportation buildings, structures and facilities Archaeological activities related to transportation projects
  • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)
  •  Seven national goal areas – safety, infrastructure condition, congestion, system reliability, freight movement and economic vitality, environmental sustainability, reduced project delays USDOT will establish measures in consultation with State DOTs, MPOs and other stakeholder States, MPO and transit operators will set targets for each measure, incorporate in plans and programs and report progress
  •  NHS ◦ Measures for pavement condition and performance of the IS and NHS ◦ Measures for NHS bridge condition ◦ Minimum Levels for IS pavement condition Highway safety - Serious Injuries and Fatalities CMAQ - Traffic Congestion and Mobile Source Emissions Freight - Measures to assess freight movement on the IS Transit – Safety and State of Good Repair Measures
  • Performance measures must be incorporated into long-range planning and short-term programming processes. Long range plans, TIPs and STIPs must show the progress that is expected to be achieved by planned decisions and investments USDOT will evaluate the appropriateness of state targets and the progress that the state is making in achieving performance targets. States and MPO plans will include performance reports that described the progress made toward achieving performance targets.
  • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)
  •  Expanded flexibility to undertake activities prior to completion of NEPA New categorical exclusions for emergency projects, projects within the ROW, small projects and certain multimodal projects Expanded delegation Support for Programmatic Approaches Further Process Reforms ◦ issue elevation, resource agency deadlines, 150 day statute of limitations, combined FEIS and ROD
  • “Transportation provides the largest single source of funding to support historic preservation efforts.” State-only transportation programs and funding Federal Planning and Research Programs ◦ State Planning & Research Funds ◦ NCHRP Funding  8-36 Standing Committee on Planning  25-25 Standing Committee on Environment Transportation Alternatives Program National Highway Performance Program
  • Pedestrian Streetscapes Billboard Removal $658,000,000 / 6.3% $40,000,000 / 0.4% Landscaping and Scenic Beautification $1,281,000,000 / 12.3% Rail-Trails $720,000,000 / Env. Mitigation 6.9% Bike/Ped Facilities$120,000,000 / 1.2% $5,231,000,000 / 50.4% Transportation Museums $153,000,000 / 1.5% ArchaeologicalPlanning/research Rehab. Hist.$53,000,000 / 0.5% Transp. Facilities $931,000,000 / Scenic/Historical 9.0% Highway Programs $570,000,000 / 5.5% Acquisition of Scenic/Historic Easements Bike/Ped Safety Ed. Historic Preservation $223,000,000 / $36,000,000 / 0.3% $365,000,000 / 3.5% 2.1%
  •  Funding Level ◦ SAFETEA LU average annual funding for TE, Safe Routes to School and Rec Trails = $854 million ◦ MAP 21 average annual funding for TAP = $814 million Changes to eligibility including the ability to fund certain road projects Archaeological activities limited to use in conjunction with projects – not planning and research States’ ability to transfer funds from the program
  • Relocation Restoration 1% & Rehab. 18% New RouteReconstruction 11% 49% Resurfacing 27%
  •  California and Ohio – Planning and Databases Indiana – Historic Bridges Programmatic Agreement Minnesota and North Carolina - Archaeological Predictive Models Oregon – Collaborative Environmental and Transportation Agreement for Streamlining* NCHRP 25-25 Report by SRI Foundation for Cambridge Systematics, Inc. and TRB on behalf of the AASHTO Standing Committee on Environment
  •  Leadership Interagency Cooperation and Collaboration Funding Technology Organizational changes Spin-Offs*NCHRP 25-25 Report by SRI Foundation for Cambridge Systematics, Inc. and TRB on behalf of the AASHTO Standing Committee on Environment
  • HIGHWAY TRUST FUND PROJECTIONS Based on CBO Score of MAP-21 (June 2012) Highway Account Fiscal Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022Beginning-of-year Balance $14 $8 $4 $4 -$6 -$15 -$24 -$33 -$42 -$52 -$62Revenues and Interest $33 $33 $33 $34 $35 $36 $36 $36 $36 $37 $37Intragovernmental Transfers $2 $6 $10 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0Outlays $42 $43 $44 $44 $44 $45 $45 $46 $46 $47 $47End-of-year Balance $8 $4 $4 -$6 -$15 -$24 -$33 -$42 -$52 -$62 -$72 Mass Transit Account Fiscal Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022Beginning-of-year Balance $7 $5 $5 $1 -$3 -$7 -$12 -$16 -$20 -$24 -$29Revenues and Interest $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5Intragovernmental Transfers $0 $0 $2 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0Outlays $7 $8 $8 $9 $10 $10 $10 $9 $9 $10 $10End-of-year Balance $5 $5 $1 -$3 -$7 -$12 -$16 -$20 -$24 -$29 -$33TOTAL HTF BALANCE $13 $9 $5 -$9 -$22 -$36 -$49 -$62 -$76 -$91 -$105
  • Estimation of Federal Highway and Transit Obligations Through 2022 Based on MAP-21; Assuming "minimum prudent balance" of $4 billion in Highway Account and $1 billion in Mass Transit Account; Assumes historical General Fund appropriations for transit. Federal-aid Highway Highway Safety Transit 45 $40.7 $41.2 $40.8 $39.4 $40.0 40 $38.9 $39.1 $38.3 $37.5 $36.8 $36.1 $34.7 $35.4 35 30($ billions) 25 20 15 $11.9 $11.3 $11.6 $11.7 $11.8 $9.4 $9.2 $9.3 $9.5 $9.6 10 $4.2 $8.6 $1.3 $6.3 $6.4 5 $3.5 $1.3 $1.3 $1.3 $1.2 $1.2 $1.3 $1.3 $1.3 $1.3 $1.4 $1.4 $1.4 $1.4 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
  •  The gas tax has served us well! The gas tax is declining due to VMT flattening and economic issues as well as fuel efficiency In the short run we will need to rely on gas tax Subsets such as indexing have value but are limited Many options but most have shortcomings
  •  Two-year bill with a reform platform – national focus, program consolidation, performance and accountability, streamlined project delivery Remain at a stand-off on future federal funding, roles and responsibilities States and their local partners are moving forward to meet passenger and freight mobility needs but as a nation we are still falling behind Continued opportunities for collaboration
  • Janet OakleyAASHTO Director of Policy & Government Relations joakley@aashto.org (202)624-3698